Emigrate to Spain

⇒ Spain culture

⇒ Climate

⇒ Language

⇒ School system of Spain

⇒ Health care system

⇒ Vaccinations and medical certificates

⇒ Tax system

⇒ Economy

⇒ Prices by index

⇒ Real estate

⇒ Company foundation

⇒ Visa

⇒ Safety

Spain culture

For those who value culture, emigrating to Spain is a culturally important experience.

The culture in Spain is very diverse and has its roots in the long history of the country, which was influenced by the Celts, Romans, Moors and others. Today, Spanish culture is a vibrant and diverse mix of tradition and modernity. Here are some characteristics of the Spanish culture:

  1. Food and drink: Spanish cuisine is known for tapas, paella and olive oil. There is also a rich selection of wine and beer.

  2. Music and dance: Spain is known for flamenco, a passionate form of dance and music that originated in Andalusia. There are also many other genres of music that are popular in Spain, such as pop, rock, jazz and classical.

  3. Art and architecture: Spain is known for its works of art by artists such as Pablo Picasso and Salvador Dali, as well as its impressive buildings and monuments such as the Alhambra in Granada and the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona.

  4. Festivals and celebrations: Spain is known for its many festivals and celebrations, such as the Tomatina in Buñol and La Feria de Abril in Seville.
  5. Sports: Football is the most popular sport in Spain and there are many famous soccer teams like Real Madrid and FC Barcelona.

Climate

Due to its geographical location and size, the climate in Spain varies greatly, ranging from Mediterranean in the south to oceanic in the north.

The south and southeast of the country have a Mediterranean climate with hot and dry summers and mild winters. Summer temperatures can reach 40 degrees Celsius in some regions.

In the center and north of Spain there is a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters. At higher elevations, such as the Pyrenees, winter temperatures can drop below freezing.

The coastal regions in the north have an oceanic climate with mild temperatures in winter and cool summers. Here precipitation falls regularly even in summer.

Language

Several languages are spoken in Spain, with Spanish (also known as Castilian) being the official language. However, in addition to Spanish, there are regional languages spoken in certain autonomous communities and areas of the country. The main languages in Spain are:

1. Spanish (Castilian): Spanish is the official language throughout Spain. It is spoken by the majority of the population and is the main language for government, education, media and everyday communication.

2. Catalan (Català): Catalan is a regional language spoken mainly in Catalonia, the Balearic Islands, and parts of Valencia. It has a long literary tradition and is one of the most widely used languages in these regions, along with Spanish.

3. Galician (Galego): Galician is mainly spoken in the region of Galicia in northwestern Spain. It is closely related to Portuguese and has its own literature and culture.

4. Basque (Euskara): Basque is an isolated language spoken in the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country and some parts of Navarre in northern Spain. It is one of the oldest living languages in Europe and has no related languages.

These regional languages each have their own cultural and historical meanings and, along with Spanish, are considered an important element of the identity of their respective communities. However, in most regions of Spain, Spanish is used as the main language of communication.

School system of Spain

Spain has a public school system consisting of three different levels: elementary school (Educación Primaria), secondary school (Educación Secundaria Obligatoria) and higher education. The education system is controlled and financed by the Spanish Ministry of Education.

Elementary school usually lasts six years and begins at age six. Secondary school lasts four years and begins at age 12. After completing secondary school, students have the option of attending a post-secondary school or beginning vocational training.

The higher education system in Spain consists of universities funded by the government. There are public and private universities offering a variety of courses and degree programs.

The Spanish school system has undergone numerous reforms in recent years to improve educational quality and opportunities. For example, curricula have been adapted to better prepare students for the labor market and greater emphasis has been placed on English language instruction.

A good recommendation for an easier integration of your children if you want to emigrate to Spain would be to attend a language course in advance. Children are known to learn a new language very quickly, much faster than we adults do.

A good alternative for the early days is homeschooling or online school.

In Spain, there is no uniform regulation regarding homeschooling and online schooling, as educational matters are largely the responsibility of the autonomous communities. Each autonomous community may enact its own laws and regulations regarding education, including whether or not homeschooling and online schooling are allowed.

Homeschooling: In most autonomous communities in Spain, homeschooling is not explicitly allowed. The education system usually specifies that children must be enrolled in schools and follow the prescribed curriculum according to community or national standards. However, there are some exceptions and special arrangements for special cases, such as when a child is unable to attend school due to illness.

Online schooling: The use of online schooling or distance learning is allowed in some autonomous communities of Spain and is recognized under certain conditions. This can be especially helpful for families who move frequently for work or live in rural areas where access to traditional schools may be limited. However, regulations for online education vary by community.

Health care system - Emigration to Spain made easy

If you are thinking about emigrating to Spain, it is obviously important to know what kind of healthcare system the country offers. Fortunately, Spain has a very well-developed and efficient healthcare system that offers a wide range of services.

The Spanish health care system is a public law system that provides access to health care and treatment for all residents, whether Spanish citizens or non-EU citizens. It is also suitable for people who do not have health insurance. The cost of access to basic medical services is almost entirely covered by the Spanish government. However, there are some restrictions for non-EU citizens that may result in higher costs. But there are ways to support this as well.

Overall, medical care in Spain is very good. Whether outpatient or inpatient treatment, Spain offers a wide range of medical professionals and specialists. All these facts make it easier for people who want to emigrate to Spain not to worry about their health.

Vaccinations and medical certificates

As an EU citizen, there are currently no mandatory vaccinations required for entry into Spain. Just make sure that the standard vaccinations are always up to date.

As a non-EU citizen, it depends on the country of origin.

Tax system

The tax system in Spain is a progressive income tax scale, which means that the higher the income, the higher the tax rate. There are also a variety of other taxes, such as value-added tax, corporate tax, and property tax.

Income tax is levied on the income of individuals and companies. The tax rate varies between 19% and 45%, with the highest rate applying to income above 60,000 euros.

Value Added Tax (IVA) is an indirect tax levied on most goods and services. The standard tax rate is 21%, but there are also reduced rates of 10% and 4% for certain goods and services.

The Corporate Tax (Impuesto de Sociedades) is a tax on the profits of companies and is currently 25%. There are also various other taxes such as the Property Tax (Impuesto sobre el Patrimonio) and the Inheritance and Gift Tax (Impuesto de Sucesiones y Donaciones).

It is important to note that the Spanish tax system is very complex and there may be different tax rates and tax rules depending on the individual situation and circumstances. It is therefore advisable to consult a tax advisor to understand and optimize individual tax obligations and liabilities.

Economy

The economy of Spain is diverse and includes various sectors. Here are the main sectors that shape the Spanish economy:

1. tourism: the tourism sector is one of the most important economic sectors in Spain. The country is known for its beautiful beaches, historic cities, cultural treasures and diverse recreational opportunities. Tourists from all over the world visit Spain, resulting in a significant contribution to gross domestic product (GDP) and job creation.

2. services sector: The services sector is the largest and most diversified economic sector in Spain. It covers areas such as financial services, trade, information technology, communications, transportation and business services.

3. industry: Industry also plays an important role in the Spanish economy. Spain is one of the largest automobile manufacturers in Europe and also has a significant position in textiles, clothing, food processing, chemicals and pharmaceuticals.

4. agriculture: Agriculture has historically played an important role in Spain. The country is known for the cultivation of olives, citrus fruits, grapes, vegetables, fruits and cereals. Spain is also one of the world’s largest wine producers.

5. construction: In recent decades, the construction and real estate sector has played an important role, although it has experienced a decline due to the global financial crisis. Nevertheless, the construction industry is still a significant sector of the economy.

6. renewable energies: Spain has invested more in renewable energies in recent years, especially in solar and wind energy. This sector has gained in importance and contributes to the diversification of energy production.

Spain’s economic structure varies by region and has evolved over time. However, the service sector and tourism play a dominant role in today’s Spanish economy.

Prices by index

Since the prices change very strongly and also quickly due to the EU-wide rising inflation, we refer here to the website Cost of Living. On this website, the information is updated so that you are always up to date.

Real Estate

Real estate markets in Spain are not standardized, which means that there are no fixed prices. Therefore, it is important to negotiate the price and not agree on the first price that is offered. It is also advisable to be aware of market conditions to have a realistic idea of a reasonable price.

The legal aspects of the purchase are complex. It is important to hire a lawyer who is familiar with Spanish real estate law. The lawyer will make sure that all the necessary documents are available and that the contract of sale contains all the necessary clauses.

Financing the purchase is another important consideration. It is advisable to find out about the different financing options and choose the one that best suits individual needs and financial capabilities.

The transfer of ownership must take place at the notary. The notary will make sure that all documents and payments are correct and that the purchase contract is legally binding. After the purchase is completed, the property must be registered with the land registry.

Overall, buying a property in Spain is a complex matter that requires careful consideration and preparation. It is important to seek expert advice and learn about all aspects of the purchase to make an informed decision.

The entire purchasing process goes through a wide variety of stages:

  1. There are many things to consider before signing a contract. The Foreigner Identification Number (NIE)
  2. Opening a bank account in Spain
  3. Review of relevant documents, real estate due diligence
  4. Notarial deed of sale
  5. And of course, after the purchase is completed, the complex things like taxes, land registration, utility contracts, municipal taxes, and much more.

We are happy to help you find a flat or a house. Click here for our real estate listings.

Company foundation

In principle, setting up a company in Spain as an EU country is of course possible.

There are a number of legal, tax and practical aspects to consider when incorporating a company in Spain. Here are some important things you should consider:

  1. Choose an appropriate business form: In Spain, there are different types of businesses, including sole proprietorships (Autónomo), corporations (Sociedad Anónima, Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada), partnerships and more. Each form of business has its own advantages and disadvantages, and it is important to choose the appropriate form for your business.

  2. Register your company: Establishing a company in Spain requires registration with the Chamber of Commerce and the Tax Authority. It is also important to choose an appropriate company name and register your company with the Spanish Patent and Trademark Office to protect your rights.

  3. Apply for a tax number: Every company in Spain needs a tax number called NIF (Número de Identificación Fiscal). This is necessary to register your company with the tax authorities and to pay taxes.

  4. Be aware of tax obligations: As an entrepreneur, you must fulfill certain tax obligations, such as registering for value-added tax (IVA) and filing tax returns. It is important to learn about tax requirements early to avoid delays and penalties.

  5. Consider labor law aspects: If you want to hire employees, you need to consider the labor law requirements in Spain, including employment contracts, wages and social security.

  6. Find suitable premises: If you need a physical presence in Spain, it is important to find suitable premises that can meet your requirements and support your business operations.

This list is not exhaustive, but these are some of the most important things to consider when incorporating in Spain. It is advisable to seek professional advice and assistance from lawyers, tax advisors and other experts to ensure that you meet all the necessary requirements and successfully launch your business.

Visa

Due to membership in the European Union, no visa is required.

As a German citizen, even if you are not gainfully employed, you have the right to live in any EU country. This also applies if you want to live off your pension or savings.

You log off in Germany and log on in Spain. You will be issued a certificate to that effect.

Do not forget to open a bank account.

Security in the country

Spain is a safe country, but as in any country, there is crime. Crime rates in Spain have been trending downward in recent years, but there are still certain types of crime to watch out for.

Some of the most common types of crime in Spain are pickpocketing, car theft, burglaries and fraud. Pickpocketing is particularly prevalent in tourist areas and it is recommended to be vigilant and keep valuables safe.

There are also certain areas in Spain that are considered higher risk for crime, particularly certain neighborhoods in Madrid and Barcelona. It is recommended to be aware of security in the area you are in and take precautions such as using safe parking areas and watching for suspicious activity.

Overall, however, Spain is a safe country, and the police are well equipped to maintain public safety. The Spanish government has also taken measures to improve tourist safety, such as establishing tourist police units in popular resorts.

Before traveling to Spain, it is recommended to learn about local safety conditions and comply with local laws and regulations to ensure a safe and enjoyable travel experience.

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