Emigrate to Slovenia

⇒ Culture

⇒ Climate

⇒ Language

⇒ School system in Bulgaria

⇒ Health care system

⇒ Vaccinations and medical certificates

⇒ Tax system

⇒ Economy

⇒ Prices by index

⇒ Real estate

⇒ Company foundation

⇒ Visa

⇒ Safety

⇒ German agencies

⇔ BACK TO OVERVIEW⇔

Insight into the culture and tradition of Slovenia

If you are thinking of emigrating to Slovenia and do some research beforehand, you will find that Slovenia has a diverse and rich culture. Even though Slovenia is a small country, it has an amazing variety of traditions, festivals and culinary delights to offer.

Tradition and folklore: preserving the roots Slovenian culture is characterized by its deep connection to nature and its origins. Traditional events such as folk festivals, traditional costumes and folkloric dances are still an important part of everyday life. The people of Slovenia proudly highlight their regional identity and celebrate it in colorful festivals that take place throughout the year. Some notable events are the “Kurentovanje” carnival in Ptuj and the “Kamnikarjenje” festival in Kamnik.

Culinary delights: A Journey through the Tastes of Slovenia Slovenian cuisine is characterized by regional ingredients and a blend of Slavic, Italian and Austrian influences. From hearty stews like “jota” to sweet treats like “potica” (a traditional nut cake), Slovenian cuisine offers a taste explosion for your senses. The proximity to the Adriatic Sea makes it possible to enjoy fresh seafood, while the hilly landscapes produce a variety of organic products. Dinner in Slovenia is not just a meal, but an opportunity to enjoy life and socialize.

Natural beauty and outdoor lifestyle Slovenian culture is deeply rooted in the surrounding nature. The breathtaking scenery, from the Julian Alps to the Adriatic coast, encourages people to maintain an active lifestyle. Hiking, biking and other outdoor activities are popular here, and you’ll quickly find that Slovenians have a strong connection to and respect for the environment.

Hospitality and sense of community Slovenians are known for their hospitality and strong sense of community. New immigrants are often warmly welcomed and have the opportunity to quickly assimilate into local communities. The proximity to neighboring countries such as Austria, Italy and Croatia also offers the opportunity to explore different cultures and make international friends.

If you really emigrate to Slovenia you will not only get to know a new culture, you will also find that Slovenians are proud of their past and yet open to new developments.

Mit ausreichenden Informationen und Immobilienangeboten nach Slowenien auswandern

Climate

The climate in Slovenia is diverse and varies due to the geographical location of the country. Due to its relatively small size and varied topography – from the Alps in the northwest to the Adriatic coast in the southwest – there are different climatic zones in Slovenia.

Temperate continental climate: Large parts of Slovenia, especially in the central and eastern regions, experience a temperate continental climate. Summers are warm to hot, with average temperatures between 20°C and 25°C. Winters are cold, with average temperatures between -2°C and 2°C. Precipitation is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year, with summer tending to be somewhat drier.

Alpine climate: The alpine areas in the Julian Alps in northwestern Slovenia have an alpine climate. Summers are cooler here than in other regions, with average temperatures of about 15°C to 20°C. Winters are long and snowy, with average temperatures below freezing. This region is popular with skiers and winter sports enthusiasts.

Mediterranean climate: The coastal region of Slovenia along the Adriatic Sea has a pleasant Mediterranean climate. Summers are warm to hot, with average temperatures ranging from 25°C to 30°C. Winters are mild and humid, with average temperatures around 10°C. Thus, the coast offers mild winters and sunny summers, which makes it a popular destination for tourists.

Subcontinental climate: Some areas in northeastern Slovenia, near the Hungarian border, experience a subcontinental climate. Here the summers are warmer and the winters colder than in the central regions. The temperature differences between day and night can be quite large.

Slovenia has something to offer for everyone due to its climatic diversity. Whether you like cold winters and want to ski, or you prefer the warmer climes, Slovenia can offer you both.

Language

In Slovenia, Slovene is the official and most widely spoken language. It is a Slavic language closely related to Serbo-Croatian, Czech and other Slavic languages. Slovene is spoken as a native language by the majority of the population and is used in all areas of public life, government and education.

Besides Slovene, there are other language groups in Slovenia, especially due to the historical and geographical proximity to neighboring countries:

  1. Hungarian: Due to its proximity to the Hungarian border, Hungarian is spoken in some parts of Slovenia, especially in the northeast of the country. It is a recognized minority language.
  2. Italian: On the coast of Slovenia, especially in areas such as the coastal country (Primorska), Italian is spoken by the Italian minority. This language also has official recognition in certain regions.
  3. Serbian and Croatian: Due to historical ties with the former Yugoslavia, some Slovenes also speak Serbian or Croatian. These languages are often used by migrants living in Slovenia.

The vast majority of Slovenians, especially in urban areas and in the younger generation are also proficient in English. German is also relatively common, especially in educational institutions and among older generations, due to historical ties to German-speaking regions.

School and education system

In Slovenia, there are various school systems covering education from elementary school to higher education. Here are the main education levels and systems in Slovenia:

Primary education: Primary education in Slovenia is compulsory for children aged 6 to 15. It lasts nine years and is divided into three cycles: The first cycle lasts four years, the second three years and the third two years. The curriculum covers a wide range of subjects, including languages, mathematics, science, social studies, arts, physical education, and ethics/religion.

Secondary education: After completing elementary school, students have the opportunity to continue their education at secondary schools. There are different types of secondary schools, including high schools, specialized high schools, technical schools and vocational schools. The high school prepares students for higher education and provides a broad general education. Other secondary schools offer specialized educational programs in areas such as engineering, business, arts, or agriculture.

Higher education: Higher education in Slovenia is organized in universities and colleges. There are public and private colleges that offer a wide range of degree programs in various disciplines. The Slovenian higher education system includes bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral degree programs. Higher education is generally free of charge for Slovenian citizens and citizens of the EU.

It is important to note that Slovenia has a strong educational tradition and places great emphasis on educational quality. The educational system aims to provide a solid foundation in various disciplines and prepare students for the demands of the labor market.

Homeschooling and online school

Both school variants are possible in Slovenia. However, homeschooling in particular has strict prerequisites and requirements. Parents who wish to educate their children at home must obtain permission from the relevant authorities, in particular the Ministry of Education. To obtain this permit, parents must demonstrate that they are able to adequately support their children’s education and social development. The curriculum and learning objectives must meet state educational standards. Homeschooling is generally used infrequently because the approval processes are demanding and high standards must be met.

Online education is an emerging option in Slovenia, especially due to technological advances and digitalization. Some schools offer online courses or hybrid learning models where portions of the curriculum can be completed online. This can be useful for students seeking more flexible learning opportunities, whether due to illness, special circumstances, or individual preferences.

Healthcare system

The health care system in Slovenia is based on a public health care system and provides comprehensive medical care for all residents of the country. The Slovenian health care system is considered one of the most advanced in the region and offers a wide range of medical services, including preventive, diagnostic, therapeutic and rehabilitative measures.

Health insurance: Health insurance is compulsory in Slovenia, which means that every resident of the country is automatically covered by health insurance. Health insurance is financed by contributions paid by employers and employees. Self-employed persons pay their own contributions. Health insurance ensures access to medical care, including medical consultations, hospitalization, medications and other medical services.

Health care for immigrants: The Slovenian health care system applies in principle to all residents, regardless of their nationality. This includes immigrants and migrants. People living or working in Slovenia are generally required to pay into the Slovenian health insurance system and are entitled to the same medical care as locals. However, there are certain regulations and conditions for people who are only temporarily in Slovenia, for example tourists or people who work in the country for a short time. In such cases, special insurance or arrangements may be necessary.

It is important to note that the Slovenian health care system aims to provide health care for all residents of the country, regardless of their origin. The system is designed to provide quality medical services and protect the health of the population.

Vaccinations and medical certificates

Vaccination and medical certificate requirements for immigration to Slovenia may vary depending on the country of origin and personal circumstances. Here is some basic information:

EU/EEA citizens and Swiss citizens: For citizens of EU member states, EEA countries (Norway, Iceland, Liechtenstein) and Switzerland, there are generally no specific vaccination or medical certificate requirements when entering Slovenia. Medical care and health services are available to these citizens because of EU-wide agreements.

Non-EU citizens: For non-EU citizens, requirements may vary depending on the specific purpose and duration of stay. In some cases, such as study visits or work visas, health screenings or vaccinations may be required as part of the visa application process. These requirements may vary from country to country, so it is important to check with the Slovenian embassy or consulate in your home country, or the relevant immigration office, for exact requirements.

It is recommended, regardless of official requirements, to make sure your vaccinations are up to date and you have the necessary medical documentation before entering a new country.

Die Tierwelt von Slowenien

Tax system

The tax system in Slovenia is multi-layered and includes various types of taxes, including income tax, VAT, corporate income tax and more. Here are some of the most important aspects of the Slovenian tax system:

Income tax: Income tax in Slovenia is progressive, which means that the tax rate increases with rising income. There are several income brackets with different tax rates. The maximum rate of income tax is usually 50%. There are also various deductions and tax benefits that may apply depending on personal circumstances.

Corporate income tax: Corporate income tax applies to companies and is generally 19%. A reduced rate of 17% may apply to smaller companies. There are also special regulations and incentives for certain sectors and investments.

Value Added Tax (VAT): Value added tax is known as sales tax in Slovenia and is normally 22%. However, there are reduced rates of 9.5% and 5% for certain goods and services such as basic foodstuffs, books, medicines and certain cultural events.

Property tax: Property owners pay a property tax on their land and buildings. The amount of property tax depends on several factors, including property value.

Social security contributions: Employees and employers pay social security contributions, which are used for various social benefits such as health care, pension insurance and unemployment benefits.

Inheritance and gift tax: Slovenia also levies taxes on inheritances and gifts. Die Höhe der Steuer hängt von der Beziehung zwischen dem Erblasser oder Schenker und dem Empfänger ab.

Tax aspects that concern you when emigrating to Slovenia:

Tax residence: If you emigrate to Slovenia and establish your center of life there, you are usually considered a tax resident. This means that you must pay tax on your worldwide income in Slovenia, regardless of where it comes from.

Double taxation agreements: It is advisable to check the double taxation agreements (DTAs) that Slovenia has concluded with various countries. These agreements can determine how income is taxed in both countries to avoid double taxation.

Tax breaks and incentives: Slovenia offers tax breaks and incentives for certain activities, investments or business in certain cases. It is important to be aware of such opportunities to take advantage of potential tax benefits.

Economy

The economy in Slovenia is diverse and characterized by different sectors. Here are some of the main components that contribute to the Slovenian economy:

Industry: Industrial production is an important part of the Slovenian economy. The most important industries include the automotive industry, pharmaceutical industry, metal processing, chemical industry, electronics and mechanical engineering. Slovenia has a well-developed industrial infrastructure and is known for the production of high-quality products.

Services sector: The services sector is an essential component of the Slovenian economy. It encompasses a wide range of activities, including trade, tourism, financial services, information technology and more. Tourism plays a significant role, as Slovenia offers impressive nature and cultural sights.

Agriculture: Agriculture is a traditional branch of the Slovenian economy. Although the contribution to the overall economy is rather limited, agriculture produces various agricultural products such as wine, dairy products, fruits and vegetables.

Construction: The construction sector plays an important role in the economy, especially in terms of infrastructure projects and real estate development.

Export economy: Slovenia has an export-oriented economy that depends heavily on exports. The main export products include vehicles, machinery, electronics, pharmaceutical products and chemical products. Slovenia exports mainly to European countries, including Germany, Italy, Austria and France.

Economic forecasts for Slovenia

According to the European Commission’s latest forecast for 2023, Slovenia’s GDP is expected to grow by 1.0 percent. This forecast is slightly higher than the previous estimate in November 2022, which predicted growth of 0.8 percent. Growth of as much as 2.0 percent is forecast for 2024. Private consumption is expected to show only a moderate increase in 2023, while gross fixed capital formation is expected to continue growing thanks to public investment and EU transfers. In addition, exports are expected to increase significantly in line with the forecast.

Price level in comparison Slovenia to the other EU countries

The price level in Slovenia is on average for EU countries. Costs for certain goods and services vary depending on whether you live in the country or in the city. In general, the price level in Slovenia can be considered moderate, but there are some factors that should be taken into account:

Cost of living: The cost of living in Slovenia can vary depending on the region. In large cities like Ljubljana, rents for apartments can be higher than in rural areas.

Food and drink: Prices for food and restaurants are average for EU countries. Food is usually affordable, but eating at restaurants can vary depending on location and type of restaurant.

Transportation: The cost of public transportation and gasoline is average for the EU. The rail and bus network in Slovenia is well developed and offers a relatively inexpensive way to explore the country.

Tourism: In tourist areas such as seaside resorts or nature reserves, prices for accommodation and activities may be slightly higher.

Clothing and entertainment: Prices for clothing, electronics and entertainment are generally comparable to other EU countries.

For current prices, please refer to the Cost of Living website. On this website, the information is updated so that you are always up to date.

Die beeindruckende Landschaft von Slowenien - ein Auswandern nach Slowenien rentiert sich in vielerlei Hinsicht

Real Estate

The price level in the real estate market in Slovenia is generally in the medium to low price segment compared to many other European countries. Here are some aspects of the real estate market in Slovenia compared to other European countries:

Residential real estate: Prices for residential real estate in Slovenia can vary greatly depending on the location. In larger cities such as Ljubljana, Maribor and Koper, prices are generally higher than in rural areas. Nevertheless, real estate prices in Slovenia are lower on average than in Western European countries such as Germany, France or Great Britain.

Rental prices: Rental prices for apartments and houses in Slovenia are generally moderate and can be cheaper than in many Western European countries. Rental costs vary depending on the location, size and condition of the property.

Vacation properties: In popular vacation regions such as seaside resorts on the Adriatic coast or in the Alps, prices for vacation properties can tend to be higher. Nevertheless, they are often still more affordable than comparable properties in popular vacation regions in other European countries.

Real estate prices often change over time. A relevant factor for the change is the supply and demand.

We are happy to help you find a flat or a house. Click here for our real estate listings.

Company foundation

Starting a business in Slovenia is comparatively uncomplicated and is accompanied by a positive business atmosphere. There are different business forms you can choose from, depending on your business goals and activity. The most common forms include the limited liability company (d.o.o.) and the sole proprietorship (s.p.). The limited liability company offers limited personal liability of the shareholders and is therefore popular with many entrepreneurs. The sole proprietorship, on the other hand, allows for faster formation and less bureaucracy.

Immigrant benefits:

Immigrants who are thinking about emigrating to Slovenia and starting a business will find a supportive environment here. The country values foreign investment and offers some benefits to foreign entrepreneurs to ease the transition. This may include expedited issuance of residence permits for entrepreneurs wishing to establish businesses in Slovenia. Such facilitations are particularly relevant for immigrants who not only want to emigrate to Slovenia, but also actively contribute to the country’s economy.

Common regulations:

It is important to emphasize that most basic regulations and requirements apply equally to natives and immigrants. For example, entrepreneurs must obtain the necessary documents and permits to start a business, regardless of their origin. Registration of a business usually requires registration with the Slovenian Business Register, obtaining a tax number, and possibly proof of a business address.

Résumé:

Starting a business in Slovenia offers both locals and immigrants the opportunity to realize their entrepreneurial ambitions. With a friendly business atmosphere, clear regulations and support for foreign investors, Slovenia is an attractive place to start a business. For immigrants thinking about emigrating to Slovenia, there are opportunities to create jobs, boost the economy and realize entrepreneurial dreams in a country that combines tradition and innovation.

Visa

For EU citizens: As an EU citizen, however, you do not need a visa for a temporary stay in Slovenia. You can stay freely in Slovenia and other Schengen countries for up to 90 days. However, certain regulations apply for a longer-term stay or for employee activity in Slovenia:

  • Starting work: If you want to work in Slovenia as an EU citizen, you normally do not need a work permit. However, it is advisable to register with the local police department within 3 days of arrival.
  • Longer stay: If you wish to stay in Slovenia for more than 90 days, you must register with the relevant administrative unit (“Upravna enota”) and apply for a temporary residence permit. This is usually required if, for example, you want to work or study
Security in the country

Slovenia is often considered one of the safest countries in Europe. The crime rate is generally low, and the country has a stable political situation.

The crime rate in Slovenia is relatively low compared to many other European countries. Violent crimes and serious offenses are rare. Most tourist areas and cities are considered safe.

It is important to emphasize that no destination is completely free of risk. Although Slovenia is considered a safe destination, any traveler, immigrant or visitor should take basic safety measures to protect themselves and their property. This includes complying with local laws, avoiding high-risk areas, and being aware of your surroundings.

German representations in Slovenia

Address:

Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany Ljubljana
Prešernova cesta 27
1000 Ljubljana
Slovenia
Website: www.laibach.diplo.de
Phone: +386 (0)1 479 0300

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