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- Emigrate as a pensioner
Lithuania is a Baltic state on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea, known for its stunning nature as well as rich culture and history. In recent years, Lithuania has become a popular destination for people looking for a new home. In this article, we take a look at Lithuania’s fascinating culture and history and discover why it is an ideal choice for those thinking about emigrating.
Lithuanian culture is deeply rooted in centuries-old traditions dating back to pre-Christian times. Folk festivals, music, dances and handicrafts play an important role in Lithuanian everyday life. Lithuanians are proud of their folklore and wear traditional costumes on special occasions. The Lithuanian language, one of the oldest surviving Indo-European languages, is another aspect that reflects the country’s unique identity.
The history of Lithuania is long and complex, dating back to the 13th century. The country was once part of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, which was one of the largest and most powerful monarchies in Europe. The historic capital Vilnius, also known as the “Rome of the North”, is famous for its well-preserved Old Town, which has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Here you will find magnificent churches, narrow cobblestone streets and impressive Gothic and Baroque architecture.
Lithuania has become a center for art and creativity. The country’s modern cultural scene is diverse and vibrant, with a variety of galleries, theaters and musical events. Vilnius hosts international festivals such as the Vilnius Film Festival and the Vilnius Jazz Festival. The city of Kaunas, which held the title of European Capital of Culture in 2022, also has a thriving art scene and attracts artists from all over the world.
The climate in Lithuania is temperate continental and influenced by the proximity of the Baltic Sea. There are four distinct seasons, with summers being mild to warm and winters being cold.
Summer (June to August): Summers in Lithuania are mild to warm with average temperatures between 17°C and 20°C. However, there are hotter periods when temperatures can rise to over 30°C. The days are long and sunny, with the most hours of sunshine in July. Precipitation is moderate in summer, and thunderstorms occur occasionally.
Autumn (September – November): Autumn in Lithuania is mild and temperatures fall slowly. In September, average temperatures are still around 15°C, but drop to around 5°C in November. Autumn is known for its beautiful fall colors when the leaves of the trees change color. Precipitation increases in the fall, and fog occurs more frequently.
Winter (December to February): Winters in Lithuania are cold with average temperatures between -5°C and 0°C. However, it can also get much colder, with temperatures below freezing. Snow-covered landscapes are common in winter, especially in the northern parts of the country. The days are short and the sunshine duration is low. Precipitation in the form of snow is frequent.
Spring (March to May): Spring in Lithuania is mild, but still quite cool at the beginning. In March, average temperatures are about 2°C, but gradually rise to about 10°C in May. Spring is the time when nature comes to life, with blooming flowers and sprouting greenery. Precipitation is moderate in the spring.
The official and most widely spoken language in Lithuania is Lithuanian. Lithuanian is a Baltic language and belongs to the Indo-European language family. It is one of the oldest living languages in Europe.
In addition, Polish is also spoken as a minority language in some regions of Lithuania. In particular, there is a significant Polish minority in the Vilnius region, the capital of Lithuania. Polish has an official status in some municipalities and is used by many Polish Lithuanians as their mother tongue.
In the larger cities of Lithuania, especially in tourist areas, English is widely spoken as a foreign language. Among the younger generation, Russian and German are also relatively common, as these languages are taught in schools and have a certain familiarity.
However, it is important to note that outside of tourist areas and in more rural regions, Lithuanian is the predominant language. Learning some basic Lithuanian expressions and courtesies can be helpful in communicating with locals and experiencing the culture better.
The school and education system in Lithuania is well developed and provides students with a solid foundation for their academic and professional development. Here is some important information about the school and education system in Lithuania:
Compulsory education: In Lithuania there is nine years of compulsory education for children between the ages of 6 and 16. Compulsory education usually includes elementary school (4 years) and secondary school (5 years).
Elementary school: Elementary school, also known as “Pradinė mokykla,” covers four years (grades 1 to 4). Elementary school instruction emphasizes basic subjects such as Lithuanian, mathematics, science, art, and physical education.
Secondary school: After elementary school, students attend secondary school, also known as “Vidurinė mokykla”. Secondary school lasts five years (grades 5 to 9). Here, students are offered a broader range of subjects, including foreign languages, sciences, humanities and social sciences. Students also have the opportunity to specialize in certain areas.
Graduations: At the end of secondary school, students take national exams to assess their knowledge and skills. Upon successful completion, students receive a diploma and have the opportunity to continue on to higher education.
Higher education: Lithuania has a wide range of colleges and universities offering a variety of degree programs and specializations. Popular areas of study include engineering, science, business, arts and humanities. Higher education in Lithuania is generally fee-based, but scholarship and funding opportunities are available for students.
Vocational education: In addition to academic education, Lithuania also has a well-established system of vocational education. Vocational schools provide hands-on training and apprenticeships in a variety of occupational fields, including technology, skilled trades, health care, and services.
Lithuania is committed to continuously improving the quality of education and preparing students for the demands of a rapidly evolving global society. The education system emphasizes the development of critical thinking, creativity, and intercultural competence in students.
Homeschooling and online schools are possible in Lithuania under certain legal conditions and requirements.
Homeschooling: In Lithuania, homeschooling is allowed as an alternative to traditional schooling, but under strict conditions. Parents who wish to homeschool their children must apply for permission from the Ministry of Education and meet certain requirements. These include parent teacher qualifications, adherence to the national curriculum, and participation in regular reviews and testing to assess the child’s progress.
Online schools: Online schools or distance learning are also an option in Lithuania. There are online platforms and schools specifically designed to teach students remotely. These schools offer virtual classes where students can access courses and learning materials over the Internet. However, online schools must comply with Lithuania’s educational regulations and standards and obtain accreditation from the Ministry of Education.
It is important to note that both homeschooling and participating in online schools must meet certain stipulations and requirements to ensure that educational standards and quality are maintained. Parents interested in homeschooling or online schools should therefore contact the relevant authorities and educational institutions for further information and guidance.
The health care system in Lithuania is a state health care system accessible to all residents of the country. Here is some important information about the healthcare system in Lithuania:
Insurance system: The Lithuanian health care system is based on a compulsory health insurance system. All residents of Lithuania are required by law to have health insurance. Health insurance is financed by social security contributions paid by employers, employees and the self-employed. Through health insurance, the insured have access to medical care and services.
Health care: The Lithuanian health care system includes a wide range of health care services, including hospitals, clinics, health centers, and doctors’ offices. Medical care in Lithuania is generally of good quality, especially in urban areas. There are both government and private institutions, with government institutions generally playing a larger role. Health care is organized at the regional level, with various regions having health centers that provide basic medical care.
Doctors and professionals: Lithuania has a respected medical professional community. Doctors, nurses and other medical professionals are well trained in Lithuania and must meet high quality standards. Many doctors and professionals in Lithuania also speak English, which facilitates communication with international patients.
Prescription drugs: In Lithuania, many medications require a prescription. To obtain prescription medications, patients usually must see a doctor and present a prescription. Pharmacies are easily accessible throughout Lithuania.
Emergency care: Emergency care is available to Lithuanian residents in the event of an emergency. Emergency departments are located in hospitals and provide around-the-clock medical care for urgent medical emergencies.
It is important to note that the Lithuanian healthcare system, like any other system, can have challenges and bottlenecks, especially in rural and remote areas. Nevertheless, the government is striving to continuously improve the quality of and access to health care and to ensure that the needs of the population are met.
Currently, there are no specific vaccination or medical credentials required to emigrate to Lithuania. However, it is important to note that entry and residence requirements are subject to change. Therefore, it is advisable to obtain up-to-date information from the Lithuanian embassy or consulate or contact a reliable source, such as the Lithuanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, for the latest requirements.
In addition, it is possible that requirements may change due to pandemic conditions or other health-related factors. It is therefore advisable to find out about current immigration regulations, including requirements for vaccinations or proof of health, before emigrating.
The tax system in Lithuania is based on the principle of taxation of income, profits and consumption. Here is some important information about the tax system in Lithuania:
Income tax: In Lithuania, income is taxed progressively. Individuals are subject to a progressive income tax scale with different tax rates depending on the amount of income. Current tax rates may change over time and should be verified with the appropriate tax authorities.
Corporate tax: Companies in Lithuania are subject to corporate income tax. The current corporate income tax rate is 15%. However, there are also some tax breaks and incentives for certain industries or investments.
Value Added Tax: Value Added Tax (VAT) is an indirect tax levied on the sale of goods and services. The general VAT rate in Lithuania is 21%. There are also reduced VAT rates of 9% and 5% for certain goods and services.
Social security contributions: Employees in Lithuania pay social security contributions, which are used to finance the country’s social security system. These contributions are paid by both the employee and the employer and include contributions to pension insurance, health insurance and unemployment insurance.
Tax incentives: There are various tax benefits and incentives for certain activities or investments in Lithuania. These include, for example, investment incentives for research and development, tax incentives for specific industries or regions, and tax relief for start-ups and innovative companies.
The Lithuanian economy is diverse, with various sectors contributing to value creation. Major industries include information technology, financial services, electronics, food processing, transportation and logistics, and chemicals. Lithuania also has a strong agricultural sector that contributes to local supply.
In terms of foreign trade, Lithuania is an open country with a strong focus on foreign trade. Lithuania is a member of the European Union and part of the European Single Market. Foreign trade plays an important role in the Lithuanian economy, with the main export partners being Germany, Sweden, Russia and Latvia. The main export goods include electronics, machinery, vehicles, food and chemical products.
With regard to investment climate, Lithuania has made efforts to create an attractive investment climate. The country offers investors a favorable business environment with low tax rates, a well-developed infrastructure and a skilled workforce. There are also various investment incentives and support for foreign direct investment.
As a member of the European Union, Lithuania benefits from EU funding and has access to the European single market. This facilitates trade and the free movement of goods, services and labor within the EU.
As in many other European countries, the Ukraine war is making itself felt in Lithuania. The impact skyrocketing prices, conversion of supply chains have become necessary, the declines in production are also noticeable. The domestic and
Foreign demand depressed GDP growth from +5% (2021) to +1.9% (2022). Expectations for the current 2023 also remain rather subdued in their forecast, currently estimated at +1.9%, but from 2024 onwards the economy should be able to recover and record growth.
For those who are thinking about emigration, Lithuania offers many advantages. The cost of living is affordable compared to other European countries. You can find out about the current prices on the Cost of Living website.
Real estate prices in Lithuania vary, as everywhere, depending on the location, size and condition of the property. In larger cities such as Vilnius, Kaunas and Klaipėda, prices are generally higher than in rural areas. Residential property prices have risen moderately in recent years, although there are regional differences.
The housing market in Lithuania is quite dynamic. There is a wide range of apartments for rent and sale, from one-bedroom apartments to luxury penthouses. In the larger cities, there is also an increasing number of new construction apartments. The range of housing is usually diverse, and there are options for different budgets and needs.
Lithuania also attracts real estate investors due to its attractive investment climate and stable economy. Foreign investors can purchase and own real estate in Lithuania. There are various opportunities for investment, whether for the purchase of residential or commercial real estate, for rental or for project development projects.
Lithuania is a country with a dynamic economy and an attractive business environment that offers EU citizens a promising opportunity to start a business. In this article we take a look at the benefits and steps of starting a business in Lithuania for EU citizens who want to emigrate to Lithuania and start their own business.
Advantages of starting a business in Lithuania: Lithuania offers a number of advantages for EU company founders:
Favorable business environment: Lithuania has a competitive business environment with low tax rates and an efficient regulatory system. This enables entrepreneurs to reduce costs and run their business effectively.
Access to the European market: As a member of the European Union, companies in Lithuania benefit from access to the European single market. This opens up business opportunities and increases the potential for trade with other EU countries.
Subsidies and support: Lithuania offers various subsidy programs and financial support for companies, especially for innovative projects, research and development, and the establishment of start-ups.
Well-educated workforce: Lithuania has a skilled workforce available at competitive labor costs. This facilitates the recruitment of talented professionals for the own company
Steps to start a business in Lithuania: Starting a business in Lithuania requires following certain steps and procedures:
Business planning: start with a detailed business plan to develop your business idea and set your goals.
Choose legal form: Choose the appropriate legal form for your business, such as a sole proprietorship, a limited liability company (UAB), or a corporation (AB).
Registration: Register your company with the Enterprise Register of Lithuania and obtain a company identification number (Juridinių asmenų registras).
Tax registration: Register your business with the Lithuanian State Tax Inspectorate and obtain your tax number.
Open a bank account: Open a business bank account at a bank in Lithuania to handle your financial transactions.
Accounting and Compliance: Comply with accounting and tax regulations in Lithuania and ensure that your company meets all legal requirements.
EU citizens do not need a visa to stay in Lithuania. According to the rules of free movement within the European Union, EU citizens have the right to free movement and can move, live and work freely in Lithuania and other EU Member States.
EU citizens only need a valid passport or ID card to prove their stay in Lithuania. It is important to note that entry and residence requirements are subject to change. It is recommended to obtain the current entry and residence requirements from the Lithuanian embassy or consulate before emigrating to ensure that all requirements are met.
Lithuania is generally considered a safe country with a comparatively low crime rate. Here is some information about safety in Lithuania:
Lithuania has a well-established legal system and a functioning police force responsible for maintaining public safety and order. Law enforcement agencies are working to ensure security in the country and fight crime.