Emigrate to Latvia

⇒ Culture

⇒ Climate

⇒ Language

⇒ School system of Latvia

⇒ Health care system

⇒ Vaccinations and medical certificates

⇒ Tax system

⇒ Economy

⇒ Prices by index

⇒ Real estate

⇒ Company foundation

⇒ Visa

⇒ Safety

⇒ German agencies


Latvia culture

Immerse yourself in the rich culture of Latvia: a country full of traditions and natural beauty

If you dream of emigrating to a country with fascinating cultural diversity, breathtaking landscapes and warm people, Latvia could be your ideal destination. The small Baltic country, located on the Baltic coast, has a rich and diverse culture that spans centuries of history and traditions. In this article, we will look at some of the most notable aspects of Latvian culture to give you an insight into what to expect if you choose to live in Latvia.

Folklore and traditional festivals:

Latvian culture is deeply rooted in folklore, and traditional festivals play a significant role in people’s lives. Let yourself be carried away by the rousing sounds of Latvian folk music and colorful folk dances. Every year there are numerous festivals celebrating Latvian tradition, including the Midsummer Festival “Jāņi”, the Festival of Lights “Līgo” and the Harvest Festival “Pirts”. These festivals offer a unique opportunity to experience authentic Latvian culture up close and make new friends.

Architecture and historic cities:

Latvia is home to some of the most beautiful historic cities in Northern Europe. The capital city of Riga, which is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site, is known for its impressive mix of Art Nouveau architecture and medieval buildings. Walk through the narrow cobblestone streets of Riga’s Old Town and admire the magnificent churches, Riga Castle and the famous Statue of Liberty. Discover other historic cities such as Cēsis, Liepāja and Sigulda, all of which offer their own unique atmosphere and architectural treasures.

Natural beauties and outdoor activities:

Latvia is a true paradise for nature lovers. The country is rich in beautiful forests, picturesque lakes and unspoiled coastline. Explore Gauja National Park, known as “Latvia’s Switzerland,” and enjoy hikes through its forested valleys and breathtaking viewpoints. Take a trip to Ķemeri National Park and experience the fascinating marshlands and mineral-rich healing springs. In winter, you can explore Latvia’s ski resorts and get your adrenaline pumping with sledding or ice skating.

The changeable climate of Latvia: four seasons full of contrasts

Lettland über den Wolken

Latvia, located on the Baltic coast, is characterized by a changeable climate, influenced by the continent and the sea. The country experiences four distinct seasons, each offering its own charms and special features. In this article we will look at the climate in Latvia to give you an overview of the different seasons and weather conditions.

Spring (March – May): Spring in Latvia is a time of departure and new beginnings. After the cold winter months, nature slowly comes to life. Temperatures rise gradually, with average highs of about 4 °C in March, rising to about 15 °C in May. Spring is a great time to enjoy the blooming landscapes, when the forests are covered with fresh greenery and the parks with colorful flowers.

Summer (June to August): Latvian summer is mild and pleasant, with temperatures usually between 20 °C and 25 °C. On some days, however, temperatures can rise above 30 °C. The summer months are the sunniest of the year and offer plenty of daylight for outdoor activities. The Latvian coast, with its wide sandy beaches on the Baltic Sea, is a popular destination for locals and tourists who want to enjoy the warm summer days.

Autumn (September to November): Autumn in Latvia is characterized by an impressive variety of colors, when the leaves of the trees in the forests and parks change their colors from green to red, orange and yellow. Temperatures begin to drop gradually in September, with average highs dropping from about 17 °C in September to about 5 °C in November. Autumn is a great time to explore the picturesque countryside, pick mushrooms and experience the local harvest festivals.

Winter (December to February): Winter in Latvia can be cold and snowy. Temperatures often drop below freezing, with average highs ranging from -5 °C to 0 °C. Winter is the perfect season for winter sports like skiing, snowboarding and skating. Latvian ski resorts offer a variety of slopes for beginners and experienced skiers.

It is important to note that the climate in Latvia can vary from year to year, and extreme weather conditions such as strong storms or heat waves may well occur.

Languages and dialects in Latvia

Latvia has one official language, Latvian. It is a Baltic language and belongs to the Indo-European language family. Latvian is spoken as a native language by the vast majority of the population and is the main language of communication in public life, educational institutions, government affairs and the media.

There are also minority languages spoken by various ethnic communities in Latvia. A significant minority language is Russian, which is spoken primarily by the Russian-speaking population, which makes up a significant portion of the population. Russian is also present in the media and in the commercial sector.

In addition to Latvian and Russian, there are other minority languages spoken by ethnic minorities in Latvia, including Estonian, Lithuanian, Polish, Ukrainian, and Belarusian. These languages are mainly maintained by their respective minority communities and are often present in schools, cultural organizations, and private settings.

In terms of dialects, there are regional variations in Latvian. Dialects may differ in pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar. Some of the best known dialects are the Kurzeme dialect (from the Courland region), the Vidzeme dialect (from the Vidzeme region), and the Latgale dialect (from the Latgale region). These dialects have their own characteristic features and contribute to the cultural diversity of the country.

It is important to note that the understanding and ability to speak Latvian is of great importance, especially for daily interaction and social interaction in Latvia. Learning the basics of Latvian can help you better integrate into society and build a closer connection to Latvian culture.

School system in Latvia

The school system in Latvia is well structured and follows a multi-level education system. Here is the most important information about the school system in Latvia:

Pre-school education: Preschool education in Latvia is optional for children aged 1 to 6, but is widely available. There are both public and private preschools that provide children with early childhood education and social interaction.

Elementary school (Pamatskola): Elementary school in Latvia is compulsory and usually lasts nine years. Children begin elementary school at age 6 or 7 and attend until they complete 9th grade. The lessons include various subjects such as languages, mathematics, science, history, music, art and sports. The curriculum is based on national educational standards.

Secondary school (Vidusskola): Secondary school in Latvia covers grades 10 to 12, and students have the opportunity to choose between different specializations that match their interests and future career plans. The goal of secondary education is to provide students with a broad range of knowledge and prepare them for entry into higher education or the job market.

Vocational education: Latvia also offers an extensive system of vocational education and training (Profesionālā izglītība). There are specialized vocational schools where students can learn practical skills and knowledge in various fields such as engineering, crafts, trade, health care and tourism. The goal of vocational education is to prepare students for specific occupations and give them the opportunity to enter the job market directly after graduation.

Higher education: Latvia has several state and private colleges and universities that offer a variety of bachelor’s and master’s degree programs. Higher education in Latvia is available to students who meet the required admission criteria. The best-known universities include the University of Latvia in Riga, the Riga University of Technology and the Latvian University of Agricultural Sciences.

It is worth mentioning that the education system in Latvia is continuously developed to meet the changing requirements and trends in education. There are also various programs and initiatives to promote lifelong learning and support the professional development of Latvia’s citizens.

In Latvia there is a possibility of online teaching and also homeschooling

Online school: In the wake of technological development and increasing digitalization in education, there are online schools in Latvia that offer students the opportunity to take classes online. These schools use virtual classrooms, interactive learning platforms, and other digital tools to allow students to access instruction from home or other locations. Online schools can be an alternative for students who are unable to attend traditional schools for a variety of reasons, such as health issues, changes in residence, or other personal circumstances.

Homeschooling: In Latvia there is also the possibility of homeschooling, where parents teach their children at home. However, the homeschooling system in Latvia requires permission from the relevant authorities. Parents must apply and meet certain requirements to homeschool their children. This includes, but is not limited to, a developed curriculum, regular reviews and testing, and the ability to document the child’s progress. Homeschooling is considered an alternative to traditional schooling in Latvia and is practiced by a small number of families.

It is important to note that both online schools and homeschooling in Latvia are subject to certain legal frameworks and are monitored by the relevant educational authorities. The quality of education and compliance with national education standards are important aspects to consider when implementing online schools and homeschooling.

Riga die Hauptstadt von Lettland

The health care system in Latvia

The health care system in Latvia is based on a universal health insurance model, which provides universal health care for all residents of the country. Here is some important information about the health care system in Latvia:

Health insurance: In Latvia, all residents are required by law to have health insurance. Health insurance is financed by contributions paid by employees, employers and government funds. Health insurance covers a wide range of medical services, including outpatient and inpatient treatment, drug coverage, diagnostic tests, and medical rehabilitation.

Health services: Latvia has a network of health care facilities, including hospitals, clinics, family practices, and specialty clinics. Primary health care is provided primarily by family physicians, who serve as the first point of contact for medical care. If necessary, they refer patients to specialists or hospitals. Hospitals in Latvia provide specialized medical care and emergency treatment.

Medical Staff: The medical staff in Latvia includes doctors, nurses, caregivers and other health care professionals. The doctors are specialized in various medical fields and provide high quality medical services. The quality of medical education in Latvia is generally high, and many Latvian physicians have achieved international recognition.

Medication supply: Medication supply in Latvia is provided by pharmacies that dispense both prescription and non-prescription medications. The cost of medications may be partially covered by health insurance, although patients must pay a copay.

Emergency care: Emergency services are available in Latvia for emergencies. The telephone number for emergencies is 112, which is available around the clock. Ambulance services and hospital emergency rooms are provided for life-threatening situations.
Latvia is continuously working to improve the quality and efficiency of its healthcare system. Efforts are underway to modernize the infrastructure of health care facilities, expand access to specialized medical services, and improve the efficiency of health care system management and financing.

Vaccinations and medical certificates

Vaccinations and medical certificates may be required when emigrating to Latvia. The exact requirements depend on various factors, such as your citizenship, residency status, and the type of residency in Latvia (e.g. work, study, or residency as a pensioner).

In terms of vaccinations, you may be required to provide proof of certain vaccinations in order to obtain a residency permit or to work in certain fields, especially healthcare or childcare. Vaccinations that may be required can be determined by Latvian authorities and may vary depending on individual circumstances. As a rule, these vaccinations include vaccinations against diseases such as measles, mumps, rubella, hepatitis B and others.

In addition, you may also be required to provide medical evidence of your general health. This may be particularly the case if you are applying for a long-term residence permit or wish to work in a profession that requires good health.

It is advisable to check in advance with the relevant Latvian embassy or consulate in your country for specific requirements. The respective authorities can provide you with accurate information about which vaccinations and medical certificates are required and how to present these documents correctly.

It is important to note that compliance with vaccination and health requirements not only protects your own health and safety, but also helps to ensure public health in Latvia.

The tax system in Latvia

The tax system in Latvia is based on the principle of income taxation and includes various types of taxes. Here is some important information about the tax system in Latvia:

Income tax: Income tax in Latvia is levied on both individuals and companies. Individuals are subject to a progressive tax rate depending on the amount of income. Currently, the top tax rate for individuals is 31.4%. There is also a reduced tax rate of 20% for certain types of income such as capital gains and certain dividends.

Corporate income tax: Companies in Latvia are subject to corporate income tax, which is applied to the profit generated. Currently, the corporate income tax rate is 20%. There is also a reduced corporate income tax of 0% for so-called microenterprises with an annual turnover of up to 40,000 euros.

Value Added Tax (VAT) in Latvia is currently 21%. Some goods and services may be subject to a reduced VAT rate of 12% or 5%.

Social security contributions: Employees and employers in Latvia pay social security contributions to ensure the social security of employees. Contributions include health insurance contributions, pension insurance contributions and unemployment insurance contributions. Exact contribution rates may vary, depending on income and type of employment.

It is important to note that the tax system in Latvia can be complex and there may be various regulations, exemptions and deductions. It is recommended to contact a professional tax advisor or the Latvian tax authorities for accurate information and advice on tax issues.

Latvia has also concluded tax treaties with many countries to avoid double taxation and facilitate tax cooperation. These agreements regulate the taxation of income and property for individuals and companies operating between Latvia and other countries.

Die Tierwelt von Lettland

The economy of Latvia

Latvia, a Baltic country with a rich history and impressive natural beauty, has experienced remarkable economic development in recent years. Despite some challenges, Latvia’s economy has stabilized and recorded solid growth.

Despite some challenges, Latvia’s economy has stabilized and recorded solid growth. The country’s economy is characterized by a strong export orientation, solid competitiveness and diversified industry. The main economic sectors include information technology, financial services, transportation and logistics, food processing and tourism.

Stability and growth: Latvia has enjoyed solid economic growth in recent years. Gross domestic product (GDP) has risen steadily and the unemployment rate has fallen to a low level. The government has worked to create a favorable investment climate by reducing corporate taxes, cutting red tape and improving access to finance.
An important driver of growth is the export sector. Latvia has benefited from its geographic location and well-developed infrastructure to serve as a hub for trade between Western Europe, the CIS countries and the Nordic markets. The export of goods such as timber, food, machinery and electronic products has helped to strengthen the economy.

Challenges and forecasts: Despite economic success, Latvia continues to face challenges. One of the biggest challenges is the brain drain, especially of young professionals seeking better employment opportunities abroad. This can lead to bottlenecks in the labor market and a possible shortage of skilled workers.

Another issue of importance is demographic development. Latvia has a shrinking population, which may have long-term effects on the economy. The government has taken various measures to provide incentives for families and increase the birth rate.

According to the Central Bank of Latvia, expectations for 2023 vary widely. On the one hand, energy costs are currently normalizing, but growth in the form of investments is being held back by the uncertainty in the region. Demand from the largest trading partners, such as Estonia and Lithuania, is currently severely limited, which naturally has an impact on Latvia’s economy.
As in all European countries, it remains to be seen how the conflicts on this planet will develop.

Prices by index

Prices, especially for basic foodstuffs, are cheaper than in Germany. Earnings are lower than in Germany. Thus, for example, earns A single person in the year average gross 16758 from which must be deducted about 2683 euros taxes and about 1760 euros social security contributions. Thus, the net annual earnings are considered to be very low. Since, as everywhere, food costs are subject to fluctuations due to inflation, please refer to the Cost of Living for current costs.

Real Estate

Property prices in Latvia vary depending on the location, property type and condition of the property. In recent years, there has been a general increase in real estate prices in the country’s larger urban areas, while prices in rural areas have tended to remain more stable. Here is some information about the

Real estate prices in Latvia:

Riga: Riga, the capital of Latvia, is the largest real estate market in the country. Residential property prices in Riga have increased in recent years, especially in the popular districts in the center and near the city center. Here, apartments and houses are usually more expensive than in the suburbs or rural areas. Prices also depend on factors such as the size, amenities and location of the property.

Suburbs: Riga’s suburbs often offer a cheaper alternative to downtown real estate prices. Prices tend to be lower here, and there is a wider selection of single-family homes, townhomes and apartments. Many people prefer the suburbs because of the quiet environment and proximity to the city.

Rural areas: In rural areas of Latvia, real estate prices are generally lower than in urban areas. Here you can often find affordable farms, country houses and land. However, prices may vary depending on the location and infrastructure of the region.

Other cities: Apart from Riga, there are other cities in Latvia, such as Daugavpils, Liepaja, Jelgava and Ventspils. Real estate prices in these cities are generally lower than in Riga, but still offer good opportunities for buying property.

It is important to note that the above information is general in nature and real estate prices in Latvia can change constantly. It is recommended to check locally with real estate agents or real estate websites for current prices and the real estate market in your specific region.

In addition, other factors such as the nature of the property, market demand and the general economic situation in Latvia can also influence real estate prices. It is advisable to do a thorough research and consultation if you want to buy or sell a property in Latvia.

Real estate acquisition by emigrating to Latvia

Latvia has not introduced any special restrictions on foreign nationals purchasing real estate. Both natural persons and legal entities can acquire real estate in Latvia.

Here are some important information to consider:

Residency status: You do not need a specific residency status to purchase a property in Latvia. You can buy a property as a non-resident or as a resident of Latvia.

Land: Foreigners can acquire both buildings and land in Latvia. However, there are certain restrictions on the purchase of agricultural land, as it can usually only be purchased by Latvian nationals or companies with Latvian majority ownership.

Real estate market: Latvia offers a wide range of real estate options, including apartments, houses, country houses and commercial properties. Prices vary depending on the location and condition of the property. It is advisable to thoroughly research the real estate market and seek the assistance of a real estate agent before making a purchase.

Financing: If you want to buy a property in Latvia, you can either use your own funds or get a mortgage from a Latvian bank or a foreign bank with a branch in Latvia. It is important to review the required documents and requirements for a mortgage in advance.

Legal aspects: When buying a property in Latvia, you should consult a lawyer who specializes in real estate law. An attorney can help you review documents, enter into a purchase agreement, and other legal aspects.

It is advisable to do thorough research, learn about local regulations and seek professional advice before buying a property in Latvia. An experienced real estate agent or attorney can help the buying process go smoothly and protect your interests.

Click here for our real estate listings.

Auswandern nach Lettland als EU Bürger sehr problemlos
Starting a business in Latvia

The Latvian legal system offers foreign nationals the opportunity to establish and operate a business. Here is some important information about it:

Legal forms: In Latvia, you can choose different legal forms to establish a business, including sole proprietorship, limited liability company, joint-stock company or partnership (general partnership or limited partnership). The choice of legal form depends on the specific needs and goals of your business.

Incorporation process: The process of incorporating a company in Latvia involves registration with the Commercial Register and meeting certain legal requirements. This includes the preparation of articles of association, the appointment of managing directors and compliance with the required capital contributions. It is recommended that a lawyer or specialized consulting firm be consulted to facilitate the incorporation process and ensure that all legal requirements are met.

Capital requirements: The amount of share capital required varies depending on the legal form chosen. When establishing a limited liability company (SIA), the minimum share capital is usually 1 euro. However, higher capital requirements may apply to certain activities or industries.

Taxes and legal obligations: As an entrepreneur in Latvia, you are required to fulfill various tax and legal obligations. This includes registering for VAT, filing tax returns and complying with labor laws. It is advisable to check with the Latvian tax authorities and a tax advisor about the exact tax obligations and benefits for companies.

Support and resources: The Latvian government offers support for start-ups, both for domestic and foreign investors. There are several organizations and agencies that offer consulting services, financial support and information on starting a business in Latvia.

It is important to note that the exact requirements and procedures for starting a business in Latvia may vary from case to case. It is recommended that you check with the appropriate authorities and professionals to obtain accurate and up-to-date information tailored to your specific situation.


As an EU citizen, you do not need a visa to enter or live in Latvia. Latvia is a member of the European Union and part of the Schengen area, therefore EU citizens have the right of free movement and can stay in Latvia without a visa.

As an EU citizen, you can travel to Latvia with your valid passport or ID card and stay there for a certain period of time. There are no restrictions on the length of stay for EU citizens in Latvia.

However, if you intend to stay in Latvia for more than 90 days, you may need to register or apply for a residence permit, depending on your specific purpose of stay (e.g. work, study, family reunion). In such cases, it is advisable to contact the relevant authorities in Latvia for information on the necessary steps and documents.

It is also important to note that entry and residence requirements are subject to change. Therefore, it is recommended to check the Latvian embassy or consulates website and official government sources or to inquire with the relevant authorities to get the most up-to-date information before you start your trip to Latvia.

Security in the country

Latvia is generally considered a safe country with a moderate crime rate. However, the security situation may vary in different regions and cities of the country. Here is some information about security in Latvia:

General safety: Most visitors and residents feel safe in Latvia. The most common types of crime are pickpocketing, auto theft, burglaries, and occasional violent assaults. Most incidents are concentrated in busy urban areas and tourist centers, especially in Riga. It is recommended to be vigilant in high-traffic areas and public transportation, keep valuables safe, and take appropriate precautions.

Organized crime: As in many countries, there is also organized crime in Latvia. However, these groups are generally not focused on the daily lives of most people and do not directly impact the safety of tourists or residents. Latvian authorities are actively working to combat organized crime and maintain security in the country.

Tourist areas: Pickpocketing may be more common in popular tourist areas such as the Old Town of Riga and other historic cities. It is recommended that you keep valuables safe, carry bags and purses close to your body, and be aware of suspicious behavior in your surroundings.

Road Safety: Road safety in Latvia can be challenging, with reports of excessive speeding, driving under the influence of alcohol and aggressive driving. It is recommended to follow the traffic rules, drive defensively and be attentive.

The information on the security of the country refers to the status June 2023, if you are considering emigrating to Latvia then please check the exact status. We will also do this here again and again in order to be able to offer you up-to-date information.

German representations in Latvia


Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany Riga
Raina Bulv. 13
Website: riga.diplo.com
Phone: +371 29 46 64 56

Compare listings