Emigrate to Italy

⇒ Culture

⇒ Climate

⇒ Language

⇒ School system of Ireland

⇒ Health care system

⇒ Vaccinations and medical certificates

⇒ Tax system

⇒ Economy

⇒ Prices by index

⇒ Real estate

⇒ Company foundation

⇒ Visa

⇒ Safety

⇒ Safety

⇒ German agencies


Italy culture

Italy is a country with a rich and fascinating culture that dates back centuries. Italian culture includes art, architecture, music, literature, fashion, cuisine and much more. The culture of Italy is rich and varied. The country’s art, architecture, music, literature, cuisine and fashion have a significant impact on the world. When you visit Italy, take time to experience and enjoy all these aspects of the culture.

Art and architecture
Italy is known for its impressive architecture and significant works of art. Some of the most famous works of art in the world are in Italy, such as Michelangelo’s David and the Sistine Chapel. The Renaissance, which began in Italy in the 14th century, had a tremendous impact on the country’s art and architecture. Among the most important Renaissance artists in Italy are Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo and Raphael.

Italy’s architecture is as impressive as its art. The country is full of historical buildings, palaces and churches. In Rome you can visit the famous Colosseum, built in the 1st century AD. St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome is one of the most famous buildings in the world and a masterpiece of Renaissance architecture.

Italy is also famous for its music. Opera, a form of classical music, originated in Italy in the 16th century. Among the famous Italian opera composers are Giuseppe Verdi and Giacomo Puccini. Pop music also has a long tradition in Italy. Italian pop music of the 1960s and 1970s was very successful and influenced the music scene in Europe and the world.

Italy has a rich literary tradition that dates back to the Middle Ages. Dante Alighieri, one of the most famous Italian writers, wrote the famous work “The Divine Comedy”. Other Italian writers such as Giovanni Boccaccio and Petrarch also had a significant influence on European literature.

Italian cuisine is known and loved all over the world. Traditional Italian cuisine is based on fresh ingredients and simple recipes. Pasta and pizza are probably the most famous Italian dishes. Italy is also known for its wines and coffee variations such as espresso and cappuccino.

Italy is a leading country in the fashion world. Many famous fashion houses such as Gucci, Prada and Versace have their origins in Italy. The Italian leather goods industry is also known worldwide.


Italy is a diverse country with different climates depending on the region. Here are some examples:

  1. Northern Italy: The climate in this region is continental and humid. In winter, temperatures are cold and there can be snow, while the summer months are warm and humid. The Alpine region has an alpine climate with cold winters and cool summers.
  2. Central Italy: The climate in this region is Mediterranean with mild winters and warm to hot summers. Rainfall is concentrated in the fall and winter, while it is often dry in the summer.
  3. Southern Italy: The climate in this region is also Mediterranean, but with hotter temperatures than in the central part of the country. Winters are mild, while summers are hot and dry. Near the coast there may be rainfall in autumn and winter.
  4. Sicily and Sardinia: The climate on these islands is also Mediterranean, but with mild winters and hot summers. Rainfall is concentrated in autumn and winter, while it is dry in summer.

Overall, the climate in Italy is very pleasant, but it can vary greatly from region to region. It is important to prepare for the particular climatic conditions when planning a trip or emigrating to Italy.

Italian language

The official language in Italy is Italian, which is spoken as a native language by almost the entire population. However, there are also some regions where different regional languages and dialects are spoken, including:

  1. Sardinian: A language spoken on the island of Sardinia.
  2. Ladin: a language spoken in the Dolomites.
  3. Friulian: A language spoken in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of northeastern Italy.
  4. Catalan: A language spoken in the city of Alghero in Sardinia.
  5. Slovenian: A language spoken in the Friuli-Venezia Giulia region of northeastern Italy.

There are also some other regional dialects and languages spoken by minorities in Italy. In addition, English and other foreign languages are often spoken in tourist areas and large cities.

School system of Italy

The school system in Italy is divided into three main levels:

  1. Elementary school (Scuola Primaria) lasts five years and is for students between the ages of 6 and 11. This level teaches a broad curriculum that includes literacy, numeracy, and basic skills in science, history, geography, art, and music.
  2. The secondary school (Scuola Secondaria di Primo Grado) lasts three years and is for students between the ages of 11 and 14. Here, students are prepared for secondary school and learn subjects such as mathematics, Italian, foreign languages, science, history, geography, art and music.
  3. The secondary school (Scuola Secondaria di Secondo Grado) is divided into two main types: the high school (Liceo) and the vocational school (Istituto Tecnico or Istituto Professionale). The high school is an academic school that prepares students for higher education and offers a broad curriculum in the humanities, sciences, and foreign languages. The vocational school, on the other hand, offers practice-oriented training in various professional fields such as technology, commerce, tourism and social sciences.

The Italian school system is centralized, which means that the curriculum and standards are set by the Italian Ministry of Education. There are also public and private schools in Italy. Most schools in Italy are public and offer free education, while private schools may charge fees.

In Italy, both homeschooling and online schooling are possible.

Homeschooling: In Italy, homeschooling, also known as “istruzione parentale” or “didattica domiciliare,” is allowed by law. It allows parents to homeschool their children instead of sending them to public or private school. To practice homeschooling in Italy, parents must obtain formal permission from local authorities. They must meet certain requirements and submit the educational plan they wish to offer their children. This plan should cover the national curriculum in terms of basic subjects such as mathematics, languages, science and social sciences. It may also be necessary for parents to take periodic exams to ensure that the child’s progress is appropriate.

Online school: In recent years, the concept of online school has also developed in Italy. Online schools allow students to follow classes over the Internet. These schools offer virtual classrooms where students can interact with teachers and other students. Classes take place in real time, with students participating in lessons, completing assignments and receiving feedback from teachers via video conferencing tools. Der Unterricht findet in Echtzeit statt, die Schüler nehmen am Unterricht teil, erledigen Aufgaben und erhalten über Videokonferenzen Feedback von den Lehrern. There are also online schools run by private institutions that offer alternative educational approaches or international curricula.

It is important to note that both homeschooling and online schools in Italy are subject to certain regulations and approval procedures. The exact requirements and procedures may vary by region. It is recommended that you contact local school officials or seek legal advice to learn the specific policies and procedures for homeschooling or attending an online school in your area.

Health care system - Emigration to Italy made easy

The Italian health care system is a public health care system available for free or at a very low price to all Italian citizens, including foreigners living and working in Italy. The health care system is decentralized and administered by the regions and provinces.

The Italian healthcare system includes state hospitals, clinics, medical centers and health centers. There are also a number of private hospitals and clinics that provide an additional care option.

Medical care in Italy is generally of high quality. Italian doctors and nurses are well trained and have modern medical facilities and equipment. Most doctors and hospitals in Italy have international certifications and standards.

The Italian health care system is financed by taxes and social security contributions. There is also health insurance, which is mandatory for all Italian citizens. Most medical services are available for free or at a low deductible, but there are some services that are not covered by health insurance.

Overall, the Italian healthcare system offers comprehensive care and a high level of medical expertise. Italians place great importance on their health and the health care system is an important part of Italian society and culture.

Vaccinations and medical certificates

Currently, no mandatory vaccinations are required for entry into Italy. Just make sure that the standard vaccinations are always up to date.

Tax system

The Italian tax system is complex and consists of different types of taxes. The main types of taxes in Italy are:

  1. Income tax: Income tax in Italy is progressive, which means that higher incomes pay higher tax rates. Tax rates start at 23% for income up to a certain amount and can go up to 43% for income above a certain amount.
  2. Value Added Tax (VAT): VAT in Italy is 22% for most products and services. However, there are also reduced tax rates of 4% and 10% for certain goods and services.
  3. Corporate Tax: Corporate tax in Italy is 24%, but there are also certain tax breaks and write-offs for businesses.
  4. Property Tax: Property tax (IMU) is levied on real estate and varies by location and property type.
  5. Inheritance and gift tax: Inheritance and gift tax in Italy ranges from 4% to 8%, depending on the degree of relationship and the value of the gift or estate.

Italy also has some tax breaks and deductions that apply to certain expenses and situations, such as education expenses, retirement contributions, unemployment benefits and family allowances.

The Italian tax system is administered by the Italian Tax Authority (Agenzia delle Entrate), which monitors tax compliance and collects taxes. Taxpayers in Italy must file their tax returns annually and pay their taxes on time to avoid penalties and interest.

Tax Tricks & Opportunities:

In Italy, immigrants can legally reduce their tax burden. There are several different ways to do this:

  1. Tax exemption for employees, self-employed and freelancers

As part of a policy to attract more business to the country, the Italian government has passed laws that give great advantages to foreigners who move their tax residency to Italy.

Thus, immigrants can get an exemption of 70% to 90% for 5 years. Thus, a maximum of 30% of the income generated would be taxed at all. The amount of the exemption depends on the place of residence within Italy, so immigrants in the south of the country are exempted from 90% of the taxes, those in the north from 70%. The southern regions are Sicily, Sardinia, Basilicata, Calabria, Campania, Puglia, and Molise and Abruzzo. The other regions belong to the fiscal north of the country.

The requirements to claim the exemptions are relatively simple:

  • The immigrant must not have had a tax residence in Italy for the last 2 years
  • The immigrant undertakes to have his tax residence in Italy for at least 2 years
  • The immigrant must have his center of life in Italy (at least 183 days per year must be spent in Italy)

After the 5 years in which the exemption has been used, it can be extended for another 5 years if the immigrant has acquired property in Italy or has a minor child within the first 5 years. In addition, there is a special regulation for families with at least 3 minor children, in this case a tax exemption of 90% also applies in the north of Italy.

Caution. If the tax domicile is transferred again before the expiry of the 2-year period, Italy reserves the right to calculate and claim the taxes missed up to that point retrospectively.

  1. “Imposta Forfettaria” or flat tax system.

This system fully exempts from income tax, as well as from other taxes, such as gift tax and inheritance tax. In contrast for this exemption, a flat rate of 100,000€ is applied. Exempt income can come from any source as long as it is earned abroad. All income earned within the Italian borders is taxed normally. The lump sum tax system and the ordinary taxation within Italy can also be combined so that only the Italian income is taxed in addition to the lump sum.

The requirements for the lump-sum tax system are:

  • The person must not have been resident in Italy for 9 years
  • The person must pay the annual lump sum of €100,000
  • An additional lump sum of €25,000 applies per additional family member
  1. Discount for pensioners in Italy

This reduction allows pensioners to pay a flat tax rate of 7% instead of the ordinary tax rates. Here, not only the pension paid is affected by the reduced tax rate, but all income from abroad, such as income from renting.

Requirements for the discount are:

  • The pensioner must not have lived in Italy for the last 5 years
  • The retiree must change his residence to southern Italy, to a city with less than 20,000 inhabitants (Possible regions: Sicily, Sardinia, Puglia, Basilicata, Calabria, Abruzzo, Campania and Molise).
  • The pensioner must receive a lifetime payment (with no minimum amount) from public and/or private entities, these must necessarily come from abroad
  • A double taxation agreement must exist between the country of origin and Italy. For Germany, as well as Austria and Switzerland, such an agreement exists with Italy.


In the first three quarters of 2022, the Italian economy performed surprisingly well, but toward the end of the year it had to pay tribute to the difficult global conditions. This was due to high energy and raw material costs, rising inflation, lower purchasing power, disruptions in supply chains and weaker demand abroad.

According to forecasts by Confindustria, the industry association, economic output is expected to decline by 0.6 percent quarter-on-quarter in the fourth quarter of 2022. Nevertheless, economic output for 2022 as a whole could still show a real increase of around 3.4 to 3.8 percent.

Confindustria also expects the first quarter of 2023 to be down 0.3 percent before picking up again, global circumstances permitting. The OECD forecasts a tiny 0.2 percent increase in 2023, while the European Commission predicts 0.3 percent and Confindustria zero growth (as of the end of November 2022).

A November 2022 survey by the German-Italian Chamber of Commerce (AHK) in Milan found that 57 percent of companies surveyed expect the economy to deteriorate over the next 12 months. With regard to the state of their own business, 51.6 percent rated their current situation as good, 41.7 percent as stable and 6.7 percent as negative. For the coming twelve months, 20.3 percent of respondents expected their businesses to develop unfavorably.

Prices by index

Prices in Italy can vary by region and product category and usually vary depending on supply and demand. In general, prices in Italy are similar to those in Germany. However, some products can be more expensive, especially in tourist areas or in big cities like Rome, Milan or Venice. For example, food, restaurant meals and public transportation in Italy are usually somewhat cheaper than in Germany, while products such as clothing, electronics or cars can often be more expensive. It should also be noted that prices in Italy are often higher during the high tourist season than off-season.

Da sich die Preise aufgrund der EU-weit steigenden Inflation sehr stark und auch schnell ändern, verweisen wir hier auf die Website Cost of Living. This website updates the information so that you are always up to date.

Real Estate

The Italian real estate market has seen a gradual recovery in recent years, after stagnating in the aftermath of the 2008 financial crisis and the subsequent economic crisis in the years that followed. However, the Corona pandemic also had an impact on the real estate market in Italy.

In 2021, property prices in Italy rose by around 2.5 percent year-on-year overall, although there were regional differences. While prices continued to rise in urban areas such as Milan and Rome, they fell in rural areas and smaller towns.

Demand for real estate in Italy remains high, especially from foreign buyers who have increasingly invested in Italian properties in recent years. The Italian government has also tried to promote the real estate market and make buying property more attractive with various measures, such as a reduction in the real estate transfer tax.

The Italian real estate market is expected to continue to experience stable to moderate price increases in the coming years, but uncertainty due to the ongoing Corona pandemic and its economic impact could also affect the real estate market.

There is a general imbalance between supply and demand in the real estate market, although this is even more pronounced in the rental market. In the area of buying and selling, the gap is between an increase in buying demand of about 20% and a decrease in supply of 30%, while in the case of rentals, there is an increase in rental demand of 80% and a decrease in supply of 60%.

Regarding the dynamics of supply and demand in the housing market, brokers note that demand segments are leaving the market (69%), spending budgets are being reduced (87%) and there is an increased shift to renting (60%). On the supply side, 72% of brokers note a downward correction in asking prices.

The profile of tenants is described by brokers as young, including mobile workers, young couples, single parents, students and singles, while the number of families moving from another community is decreasing. Preference continues to be given to new or renovated housing that is close to public transportation and amenities such as schools, health care, etc.

We will be happy to assist you in your search for an apartment or house. Click here for our real estate listings.

Company foundation

An EU citizen can set up a business in Italy in several ways:

  1. Sole proprietorship: An EU citizen may establish a sole proprietorship with a natural person as the owner and manager of the business.
  2. Limited liability company (S.r.l.): An S.r.l. is a limited liability company in which each partner is liable only for the share he or she contributes. It is necessary to draw up articles of association and pay in a minimum capital of 10,000 euros.
  3. Stock corporation (S.p.A.): An S.p.A. is a joint stock company in which the capital is divided into shares. It is necessary to draw up articles of association and pay in a minimum capital of 50,000 euros.

It is also possible to open a branch of an already existing company abroad. In this case, the company must apply for a tax number and an operating license.

To start a business, EU citizens usually need to apply for a residence certificate, a tax number and an operating license. You may also be required to provide proof of certain professional qualifications or permits, depending on the type of business. It is advisable to consult a lawyer or an accounting firm to help with the incorporation of a company in Italy.


Due to membership in the European Union, no visa is required.

As a German citizen, even if you are not gainfully employed, you have the right to live in any EU country. This also applies if you want to live off your pension or savings.

You log off in Germany and log on in Italy. You will be issued a certificate to that effect.

Do not forget to open a bank account.

Security in the country

The security situation in Italy has remained stable overall in recent years. As in many other countries, however, there are regional differences in Italy. In some areas, especially in larger cities and tourist centers such as Rome, Milan or Florence, theft and pickpocketing can occur. In some southern Italian regions, there are also isolated problems with organized crime and corruption.

Overall, however, Italy is a safe country to travel. However, tourists should be careful of their valuables and take certain precautions, as they would in any other city, especially in tourist centers and on public transportation. Rural areas and smaller towns generally have lower crime rates than larger cities.

There are also certain regions where there are safety restrictions. These include, for example, some areas on the border with France, near nuclear power plants and military installations, and certain areas in southern Italy.

It is advisable to consult the travel advice of the German Foreign Office or your own embassy and to pay attention to the respective regional conditions.

German representations in Denmark


Via San Martino della Battaglia 4
00185 Roma
Phone: +39 06 49 21 31
Website: www.rom.diplo.de


Consulate General of the Federal Republic of Milan
Consolato Generale della Repubblica Federale di Germania
Via Solferino 40
20121 Milano, Italien.
E-Mail: mailand@hk-diplo.de
Phone: 0039 02 6231101


Honorary Consul of the Federal Republic of Germany Florence
Corso dei Tintori 3
50122 Firenze
E-Mail: florenz@hk-diplo.de
Phone: +39 055 234 35 43


Honorary Consul of the Federal Republic of Germany Palermo
Via Principe di Villafranca 33
90141 Palermo.
E-Mail: palermo@hk-diplo.de
Phone: +39 091 982 08 08

Compare listings