Emigrate to France

⇒ Culture

⇒ Climate

⇒ Language

⇒ School system

⇒ Health care system

⇒ Vaccinations and medical certificates

⇒ Tax system

⇒ Economy

⇒ Prices by index

⇒ Real estate

⇒ Company foundation

⇒ Visa

⇒ Safety

⇒ German agencies


France - its culture and history

France is a country with a rich culture and history that dates back to ancient times. From the Celts and Romans to the Renaissance and the French Revolution, France has experienced a wealth of historical events that have shaped its culture and identity.

One of the most striking features of French culture is its love of art and aesthetics. France has produced some of the most famous artists, writers and architects, including Leonardo da Vinci, Victor Hugo and Gustave Eiffel. French art is known for its elegance, beauty and sophistication, reflected in painting, sculpture, architecture, fashion and cuisine.

French cuisine is one of the most famous in the world and is synonymous with gourmet cooking. The French have made gastronomy an art form based on the use of quality ingredients and the perfection of techniques. French cuisine is famous for its delicacies such as cheese, wine, chocolate and croissants, which are loved all over the world.

French history is marked by political unrest and revolutionary upheavals. The French Revolution of 1789 was a turning point in the history of France and the world and led to the establishment of the first modern republic. France was also heavily involved in both world wars and has played a leading role in European politics and culture ever since.

One of the most famous landmarks in France is the Eiffel Tower, a symbol of French culture and history. The tower was built in 1889 and was the tallest structure in the world at the time. Today it is one of the most visited sights in the world and a landmark of Paris, the capital of France.

Overall, the culture and history of France is fascinating and diverse. From art and aesthetics to political revolution and culinary tradition, France has a unique identity that makes it an important part of world culture.


The climate in France varies depending on the region and the season. In general, the climate can be described as temperate and oceanic to Mediterranean.

The northwest of France, including the regions of Normandy and Brittany, has a maritime climate characterized by mild winters and cool summers. Paris and the surrounding regions have a similar climate, although it can be slightly warmer in the summer.

The southwest of France, including the regions of Aquitaine and Midi-Pyrénées, has a temperate climate with mild winters and warm summers. Summers can get hot in this region, especially in the lower lying areas.

Southeastern France, including the regions of Provence and Côte d’Azur, has a Mediterranean climate with hot, dry summers and mild, humid winters. Temperatures can get very high in the summer and there are often extended periods with little or no rainfall.

The Alps and the Pyrenees have an alpine climate with cold, snowy winters and mild summers. These regions are popular with winter sports enthusiasts.

Overall, it can be said that France offers a variety of climatic conditions due to its geographical diversity and its location at the transition between the temperate and Mediterranean climates. Es ist wichtig, das Klima der jeweiligen Region bei der Planung einer Reise nach Frankreich zu berücksichtigen, da dies einen erheblichen Einfluss auf das Erlebnis haben kann.


The French language is also an important part of the culture of France and one of the most widely spoken languages in the world. The French language is known for its elegance and precision and is used in many fields such as diplomacy, science and literature.

French is the main language spoken in France and it is also the official language of the country. French is a Romance language and has its roots in the Latin language introduced by the Romans during their rule over France.

However, in addition to French, there are a number of regional languages and dialects spoken in different parts of France. These regional languages have a long history and often date back to the times before the emergence of modern France.

Some of the regional languages and dialects spoken in France are:

  • Breton: is spoken in Brittany in northwestern France and has Celtic roots.
  • Occitan: also known as “Langue d’oc”, is spoken in southern France, including the regions of Languedoc, Gascony and Provence.
  • Corsican: spoken on the island of Corsica and has Italian roots.
  • Basque: spoken in the Basque Country in southwestern France, as well as in Spain, and has no obvious relationship to other European languages.

These regional languages and dialects are important cultural elements in their respective regions and contribute to the diversity of French culture. However, they have become less important over time due to the dominance of French as the official language and language of education in France.

School and education system

The school and education system in France is generally very centralized and consists of three main levels: elementary school (école primaire), secondary school (collège) and upper secondary school (lycée).

Elementary school lasts six years and begins at the age of six. Here, children are taught basic skills in reading, writing and arithmetic, as well as knowledge of subjects such as history, geography, science and foreign languages.

Secondary school lasts four years and begins at age 11. Here, students are taught various subjects such as mathematics, languages, natural sciences and social sciences.

Upper secondary school is usually divided into two sections: the two-year general lycée, which prepares students for the baccalauréat, and the three-year technical lycée, which prepares students for vocational training. Students can choose which courses they want to take to prepare for their future studies or careers.

France also has a large number of colleges and universities, including some of the best-known and most prestigious educational institutions in Europe, such as the Sorbonne in Paris. Admission to colleges and universities is usually regulated by a rigorous admissions process and high standards of school performance and examinations.

Overall, the school and education system in France is very demanding and requires a lot of commitment and willingness to perform from the students. However, the high demands of the system have also contributed to France’s high level of education and produced many successful graduates in various fields.

In France, there are limited opportunities for homeschooling and online schooling.

Homeschooling is not legally recognized in France and is not actively supported. The French education system places great emphasis on attendance at state or private schools. However, there are exceptions when parents are allowed to homeschool their children, such as when the child cannot attend school for health reasons or due to extraordinary circumstances. In such cases, parents must apply for a waiver and meet certain educational standards.

As for online education, there are some online learning platforms in France that offer additional resources and courses for students. These platforms can be used as a supplement to regular schooling, but not as a substitute for school attendance. Most schooling in France still takes place in physical schools.

It is important to note that the specific regulations and conditions for homeschooling and online schooling in France may have been updated or changed. It is recommended to check with the French educational authorities or a competent body for the latest information and requirements if you are interested in these educational options.

Healthcare system

The healthcare system in France is one of the best and most comprehensive in Europe and the world. It is based on a Bismarck model in which the cost of the health care system is financed mainly by social security contributions. In France, there is public health insurance, administered by the French government, and private health insurance, which is purchased by many French people as a supplement to public insurance. Public health insurance covers most health care costs, including doctor visits, hospitalizations, medications, lab tests, and x-rays. However, patients usually have to make a co-payment. The amount of the co-payment depends on the type of health service and may be paid by the patient or covered by their private health insurance. The quality of healthcare in France is very high and medical facilities are well equipped and modern. There are a variety of public and private hospitals as well as clinics and medical centers throughout France. In France, there is also a high interest in alternative and complementary healing methods such as acupuncture, homeopathy and phytotherapy. These are generally not covered by public health insurance, but may be covered by many private health insurance plans. In summary, the healthcare system in France is very comprehensive, efficient and of high quality. It has helped France gain worldwide recognition in the field of public health.

Vaccinations and medical certificates

Currently, there are no mandatory vaccinations for entry or emigration. Just make sure that the standard vaccinations are always up to date.

Tax system

The tax system in France is extensive and diverse. It is based on the principle of progressive income tax, which means that the amount of tax a person has to pay depends on his income. Taxes in France are administered by various government institutions and agencies and can cover various aspects of daily life, including income, goods and services, real estate and assets. The main taxes in France are income tax, value added tax (VAT), corporate income tax (IS) and capital gains tax. Income tax in France is very high and starts at an income of 10,084 euros per year. VAT is a consumption tax levied on the sale of goods and services. The current TVA rate in France is 20%. The corporate tax is a tax on the profits of companies in France and is currently 28%. Capital gains tax applies to income from interest, dividends and capital gains and is currently 30%. In addition to these taxes, France also has a number of local taxes, such as the housing tax (taxe d’habitation) and the land tax (taxe foncière), which must be paid by property owners. Although taxes in France are generally considered high, the country also offers a variety of tax breaks and incentives designed to help stimulate economic activity and make life easier for its citizens. These include, for example, tax breaks for homeowners, reduced tax rates for small businesses, and tax credits for investment in research and development.


France has one of the largest and most diverse economies in Europe. The French economic sector comprises various industries, including the automotive industry, the aerospace industry, the fashion and luxury goods industry, the tourism industry, and agriculture and food production. France is also one of the world’s leading producers of nuclear and renewable energy. In recent years, France has experienced moderate economic growth, although it has been affected by some structural challenges such as high unemployment and low labor productivity growth. In 2020, however, the French economy was severely affected by the COVID-19 pandemic and recorded a year-on-year decline of 8.2%. However, the French government has taken comprehensive measures to support and promote the economy. These include tax cuts for companies, an increase in public investment and a comprehensive economic stimulus package. A gradual recovery of the economy is expected in 2021, although the extent and speed of this recovery will depend on the evolution of the pandemic and related constraints. In the long run, however, France has many advantages that should help maintain a robust economy. This includes a large domestic market, a diverse industry and a strong focus on research and development. The government has also taken measures to increase the competitiveness of French companies and promote investment in promising industries such as renewable energies and digital technologies.

Prices by index

Since the prices are changing due to the EU wide rising inflation very strongly and also quickly we refer here to the website Cost of Living. This website updates the information so that you are always up to date.

Real Estate

The French real estate market is very diverse and varies greatly depending on the region and type of property. In general, the real estate market in France is very stable and offers investors and buyers long-term opportunities for returns and growth. The market for residential real estate in France is very lively and diverse. In Paris and other major cities, demand for housing is high and prices are correspondingly high. In more rural areas and smaller towns, prices tend to be lower and there are more opportunities for buyers and investors. There are no restrictions for foreign buyers to purchase real estate in France, although there are some legal differences that need to be considered. For example, in France there is the “notaire” system, where a lawyer supervises the transaction and charges a fee. There are also different types of real estate investments in France, including rental apartments, vacation homes and commercial properties. In recent years, the market for luxury real estate in France has also developed, particularly in Paris and on the Côte d’Azur. The French government has also launched various incentives and programs to promote real estate investment, such as tax breaks and interest subsidies for buyers of new buildings. Overall, the French real estate market offers a wide range of opportunities for buyers and investors and is considered safe and stable. We will be happy to assist you in your search for an apartment or house. Klicken Sie hier für unsere Immobilienangebote.
Company foundation
In France, there are various forms of company formation, ranging from sole proprietorships to large corporations. Foreign entrepreneurs also have the opportunity to start a business in France, although there are some restrictions and requirements that must be observed. The different forms of company formation in France are:
  1. Sole proprietorship (entreprise individuelle): A sole proprietorship is operated by one person and is the simplest form of business formation. The owner is fully liable for the debts of the company.
  2. Limited liability company (Société à responsabilité limitée, SARL): A SARL is a corporation that must be formed by at least two persons. The liability of the shareholders is limited to their capital contribution.
  3. Joint stock company (Société Anonyme, SA): An SA is a corporation that can issue shares and is managed by a board of directors. The liability of shareholders is limited to their capital contribution.
  4. Limited partnership (Société en Commandite Simple, SCS): An SCS is a partnership consisting of at least one partner with unlimited liability (commandité) and at least one partner with limited liability (commanditaire).
There are some specific requirements and restrictions for foreign entrepreneurs to start a business in France. For example, the entrepreneur must apply for a French tax number and register with various authorities. There are also certain industries, such as financial services and real estate, that require additional requirements and permits. However, there are also incentives and programs for foreign investors and entrepreneurs who want to start or acquire a business in France. For example, there is the “French Tech Visa” program, which offers foreign entrepreneurs a quick and easy way to start a business in France and obtain a residence permit. For example, there is the “French Tech Visa” program, which offers foreign entrepreneurs a quick and easy way to start a business in France and obtain a residence permit. However, the French government has launched various incentives and programs to encourage the creation of companies in France and to facilitate the process for foreign entrepreneurs.

There are different types of visas issued in France, depending on the purpose of the trip and the length of stay. Here are the main types of visas:

  1. Short-term visa (visa de court séjour): This visa is valid for stays of up to 90 days and is divided into two categories:
  • Visa for Schengen area: This visa allows the holder to move and travel freely within the Schengen area.
  • National Visa: This visa is valid only for France and does not allow the holder to travel to other Schengen countries.
  1. Long-term visa (Visa de long séjour): This visa is valid for stays longer than 90 days and is divided into different categories depending on the purpose of the stay:
  • Study Visa (Visa Étudiant): This visa is issued when the stay is for the purpose of studying in France.
  • Work Visa (Visa de travail): This visa is issued when the stay is for the purpose of work in France.
  • Family Reunion Visa (Visa de regroupement familial): This visa is issued when a person moves from a non-EU country to join their family members in France.
  • Visitor Visa (Visa visiteur): This visa is issued when the stay is for the purpose of visiting friends or family in France.
  • Artist and sport visa (Visa d’artiste et de sportif): This visa is issued when the stay is for the purpose of participating in cultural or sports activities in France.
  • It is important to note that the requirements and procedures for applying for visas in France vary depending on the type of visa. It is therefore advisable to find out about the requirements and the application process in advance to avoid delays and problems.
  • Transit Visa (Visa de transit): This visa is for people traveling through France who need to leave their place of stay within 24 to 48 hours.
Security in the country

As in most countries, there are regional differences in safety in France. Overall, however, France is considered a safe country for tourists and visitors. The French government is strongly committed to public safety and has made many efforts in recent years to reduce crime and increase security.

However, there are some security risks in France as well, especially related to pickpocketing, street crime and terrorist attacks. Caution is advised in large cities such as Paris, Marseille or Lyon, especially in busy places such as tourist attractions or train stations.

It is recommended to keep valuables safe and take care of one’s personal belongings. It is also advisable to use public transportation and stay away from lonely places, especially at night. If you are approached by a suspicious person, you should stay away from that person and inform the police if necessary.

Overall, it can be said that France is a relatively safe country, but as in any other country, visitors should exercise caution and be aware of local security risks.

There are currently widespread strikes in many sectors in France over the planned pension reform. Local and long-distance public transport is particularly affected. In addition, demonstrations continue to occur in Paris and other cities, with occasional violent clashes between protesters and police.

Furthermore, due to strikes at ports and refineries in France, service stations may be affected by fuel supply shortages.

To avoid possible risks, it is recommended to avoid demonstrations and crowds and to follow the instructions of local security and law enforcement officials. It may also be advisable to factor in waiting times at gas stations and possible fuel supply shortages.

German representations in France


Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany Paris

13/15 Avenue Franklin D. Roosevelt
75008 Paris
Phone: +33 1 53 83 45 00
Website: www.allemagne-en-france.diplo.de


Consulate General of the Federal Republic of Germany Lyon

33, boulevard des Belges
69006 Lyon
Phone: +33 4 72 69 98 98

Consulate General of the Federal Republic of Germany Marseille

Consulat Général d’Allemagne
10 Place de la Joliette
Les Docks
Hôtel de Direction
1er Etage
F-13002 Marseille,
Phone: +33 4 91 16 75 20


Honorary Consul of the Federal Republic of Germany Nice

Consul Honoraire de la République fédérale d’Allemagne
81 Rue de France
2e étage
06000 Nice
E-Mail: nizza@hk-diplo.de
Phone: +33 4 93 83 55 25

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