Emigrate to Estonia

⇒ Culture

⇒ Climate

⇒ Language

⇒ School system

⇒ Health care system

⇒ Vaccinations and medical certificates

⇒ Tax system

⇒ Economy

⇒ Prices by index

⇒ Real estate

⇒ Company foundation

⇒ Visa

⇒ Safety

⇒ German agencies


Estonia with a troubled past

Estonia is a small Baltic country in the northeast of Europe, located between Finland and Russia. Estonian culture and history are rich and diverse, reflecting the country’s turbulent past.


Estonia was inhabited by various tribes in ancient times, including the Finnish and Baltic tribes. In the Middle Ages Estonia was part of the Teutonic Order state, which was ruled by German knights. In the 16th century Estonia came under Swedish control and in the 18th century under Russian control.

During the Second World War Estonia was occupied by the Soviet Union, and after the war the country became part of the Soviet Republic of Estonia. Only in 1991 Estonia became independent and since then the country has developed into a modern European nation.


Estonian culture is rich and diverse, reflecting the country’s long history. Estonian folk music is also very well known and is often accompanied by the sound of kantele, a type of zither.

Estonian cuisine is influenced by Nordic cooking and includes many traditional dishes such as kama, a mixture of ground cereals and yogurt, and klimbisupp, a soup made from potatoes and cream.

Estonian art and architecture are also remarkable. The Old Town of Tallinn, the capital of Estonia, is one of the best preserved medieval cities in Europe and has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Estonia also has a rich tradition of ceramic and textile art and woodcarving.


Overall, Estonian culture and history is rich and diverse. The country has a long and eventful past, which is reflected in its culture. The Estonian language, folk music, cuisine, art and architecture are just some of the aspects that make Estonian culture so unique and interesting.


Estonia has a temperate continental climate with four distinct seasons. Summers are mild to warm, with an average temperature of about 16 to 19 degrees Celsius. Winters are cold and snowy, with an average temperature of about -5 to -10 degrees Celsius.

The amount of rainfall varies depending on the region, but generally it rains the most in spring and fall. Snow usually falls in the winter months.

The coastal regions are milder and wetter than the inland due to the influence of the sea. Overall, the climate in Estonia can be described as cool and humid.


The official language in Estonia is Estonian, a Finno-Ugric language, which is also spoken by the majority of the population. It is also the only official language in the country.

However, other languages are also spoken and taught in Estonia, as the country has a multicultural society and many people come from other countries to live or work there.

For example, Russian is a widely spoken language in Estonia, especially among the Russian minority. There are also a considerable number of people who speak Finnish, especially in the northern region of Estonia, which borders Finland.

In addition, English is also widely taught and spoken in Estonia, as it is an important language in the global business world and many tourists visit the country.

Other languages spoken in Estonia include German, Swedish, Latvian, Polish and many others. Overall, Estonia is a multicultural country where a variety of languages are spoken and taught.

School and education system

Estonia has a very advanced education system, focused on high quality, equal opportunities and innovation. Here are some important features of the school and education system in Estonia:

School system:

The Estonian school system is divided into three levels: primary, secondary and higher education. Elementary school lasts nine years and is for children ages 7 to 16. Secondary school lasts three years and provides a broader education with specialized courses and subjects. Higher education typically takes three to four years for a bachelor’s degree and two years for a master’s degree.

Education Quality:

Estonia places great emphasis on the quality of its education and is very well placed in various international education rankings. Students in Estonia have access to quality education and are taught various subjects such as mathematics, science, languages and humanities.


Estonia also has a reputation as an innovative country that has integrated digital technology into its education system. Students use laptops and tablets in class, and many schools also offer online teaching materials and platforms. In addition, Estonia has also developed an online platform for applying for university places and study grants, which reduces bureaucracy and facilitates access to higher education.

Equal Opportunity:

Estonia also strives to promote equal opportunities in education and provides free education for all students. The country has also implemented a system to support students with special needs or social challenges to ensure that all students have an equal opportunity to receive a quality education.

Estonia is considered one of the most advanced countries in terms of digital education and technology integration in the education system. So there are opportunities for students to get their education online as well.

Homeschooling is allowed by law in Estonia. Parents have the right to homeschool their children as long as they meet certain requirements. This includes registering the child with the authorities and following certain curriculum guidelines. Parents can provide classroom materials themselves or access online resources.

In addition, there are also online schools in Estonia that offer a complete virtual education environment. These schools allow students to complete their education from home. Online schools in Estonia follow a structured curriculum and offer virtual classes, interactive learning materials, and the ability to communicate with teachers and other students.

Healthcare system

When emigrating to Estonia, you will find a good healthcare system, as the country offers a wide range of medical services provided by well-trained doctors and medical staff.

The Estonian healthcare system is accessible to all residents of the country and offers a wide range of medical services. The cost of most medical services is covered by the government, with patients paying only a small co-payment. There are also private health insurance plans that cover additional services.

Estonia has public hospitals and health centers that provide a wide range of medical services, including emergency care, outpatient care and inpatient treatment. There are also private hospitals and clinics that offer additional medical services.

In Estonia there is a sufficient number of doctors and medical staff who have a high level of education.

The Estonian health care system also places great emphasis on prevention and health care. There are several programs and initiatives aimed at improving the health and well-being of the population, including immunization programs, cancer screenings, and health education.

Vaccinations and medical certificates

Currently, there are no mandatory vaccinations for entry or emigration. Just make sure that the standard vaccinations are always up to date.

Tax system

Estonia has a unique tax system known as the “flat tax system”. Here are some important features of the tax system in Estonia:

Income tax:

Estonia has a flat tax of 20% on personal income. There are no income limits or tax rates depending on the amount of income. This means that all residents of the country pay the same tax rate.

Corporate Tax:

Estonia also has a flat tax of 20% on corporate profits. There is no corporate income tax or profit tax. Companies may also distribute dividends to their shareholders without being subject to additional tax.

Value added tax:

VAT in Estonia is 20%, which is comparable to other EU countries. However, there are some exceptions and reduced rates for certain goods and services such as food, books and public transportation.

Tax Simplicity:

Estonia also has a simple tax system that is administered electronically. Businesses and individuals can file their taxes electronically and tax returns are processed in just minutes. This reduces bureaucracy and facilitates tax processing.

Overall, the tax system in Estonia is simple and transparent, with a flat tax on income and corporate profits. The country also places great emphasis on tax efficiency and has an electronic tax system that simplifies tax processing for businesses and individuals.


Estonia is a small country in Northern Europe with a dynamic and growing economy. Here are some important features of the economy in Estonia:

Economic growth:

Estonia has experienced robust economic growth in recent years. In 2021, the country’s gross domestic product (GDP) was 30.8 billion euros and the economy grew by 6.5%. The country has a strong export economy, driven in particular by IT services, electronics and wood products.

Corporate environment:

Estonia has one of the friendliest business environments in Europe. The country is known for its simple and transparent regulation, low bureaucracy and low taxes. Businesses can be created online in just a few minutes and there is a wealth of support and incentives for startups and small businesses.


Estonia has a wide range of industries that contribute to the economy. The most important industries include IT and telecommunications, wood and paper, food and tourism. The IT industry in particular has grown strongly and has been nicknamed “E-Stonia” because Estonia is a pioneer in e-government solutions and digital services.

Labor market:

Estonia has a high employment rate and a low unemployment rate of around 6%. The country also has a well-educated and highly skilled population, which helps make the country an important location for investment and business development.


Estonia is a member of the European Union (EU) and has free trade with other EU members. The country also has trade agreements with other countries, including the U.S., Canada and Japan. Estonia also has an important trading partner in Russia, although trade between the two countries has decreased in recent years due to political tensions.

Overall, Estonia has a strong and growing economy supported by a friendly business environment, a well-educated population and a strong export economy. The country also has a wide range of industries contributing to the economy and has become an important location for investment and business development.

Prices by index

Da sich die Preise aufgrund der EU-weit steigenden Inflation sehr stark und auch schnell ändern, verweisen wir hier auf die Website Cost of Living. This website updates the information so that you are always up to date.

Real Estate

The real estate market in Estonia has experienced high growth in recent years, especially in the capital Tallinn. Here are some important aspects of the real estate market in Estonia for buyers, sellers and renters:


For buyers, the Estonian real estate market can be attractive as prices are relatively low compared to other European countries. However, prices in Tallinn are higher than in other parts of the country. The purchase process in Estonia is relatively simple and transparent. There are no restrictions for foreigners wishing to buy real estate in Estonia, and most transactions are handled by a notary.


Sellers have a relatively simple and fast procedure to sell their real estate in Estonia. Most transactions are handled by a notary, which makes the process transparent and secure. However, sellers should be aware that prices in the Estonian real estate market can be volatile and that there can be strong competition.


Renters may find it difficult to find affordable housing in Tallinn and other popular cities, as rental prices have increased in recent years. However, there are no rental price regulations in Estonia, so prices may vary. Most landlords expect a deposit of one to two months’ rent, and most leases are for one year.

We will be happy to assist you in your search for an apartment or house. Klicken Sie hier für unsere Immobilienangebote.

Company foundation

There are several options for starting a business in Estonia. Here are some of the most common options:

  1. Sole proprietorship (FIE): A sole proprietorship is a popular option for the self-employed and small business owners. Registration is simple and there are few formal requirements. However, an FIE must file periodic income tax returns.
  2. Limited Liability Company (LLC): An OÜ is a popular option for medium-sized companies. It is a legal entity held by one or more owners. An OÜ must prepare an annual report and file periodic tax returns.
  3. Stock corporation (AS): An AS is a larger legal entity with multiple owners. There are specific requirements for establishing and managing an AS, including compliance with corporate governance and registration with the Estonian Commercial Register.
  4. Partnership company: A partnership company is an option for two or more people who want to start a business together. There are different types of partnerships, including general and limited partnerships.
  5. Company formation for foreigners: This is easily possible in Estonia.Estonia is known for its e-government systems, which make it easier for immigrants to start a business and live in Estonia. Starting a business in Estonia can be done online, and there are no special requirements for citizenship or residency status.

    It is also worth noting that Estonia is a startup-friendly country and has a variety of programs and initiatives to support entrepreneurs and startups. These include expedited visa and residence permit procedures, tax incentives, and various financing options.

    Overall, Estonia is an attractive destination for immigrants looking to start a business, as it offers a friendly business environment, digital infrastructure, and an easy startup process.


Due to membership in the European Union, no visa is required. As a German citizen, even if you are not gainfully employed, you have the right to live in any EU country. This also applies if you want to live off your pension or savings.

You log off in Germany and log on in Estonia. You will be issued a certificate to that effect.

However, non-EU immigrants may need to apply for a residence permit to live and work in Estonia. There are several types of residence permits, including work permits and entrepreneurial permits. Immigrants should contact the Estonian authorities for further information and assistance in applying for residence permits.

Security in the country

Estonia is a safe country with a comparatively low crime rate compared to other European countries. The Estonian police have a good reputation and work closely with the community to fight crime and increase the public’s sense of security.

The crime rate in Estonia has tended to decrease in recent years. In 2020, a total of 38,938 crimes were registered, a decrease of 4.3% compared to the previous year. The most common crimes are theft, fraud and assault. However, it is worth noting that most crimes tend to occur in urban areas.

The Estonian authorities are actively working to further reduce the crime rate and improve public safety. The police department has launched several initiatives to help prevent and fight crime, including community partnerships and investments in technology to monitor and analyze crime.

Overall, it can be said that Estonia is a relatively safe country and the authorities are actively working to keep the crime rate low. Nevertheless, as in any country, visitors and residents should take reasonable precautions to ensure their personal safety.

German representations in Estonia


Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany Tallinn
Toom-Kuninga 11
15048 Tallinn
Phone: +372 6275 300

Compare listings