Emigrate to Bulgaria

⇒ Culture of Bulgaria

⇒ Climate

⇒ Language

⇒ School system in Bulgaria

⇒ Health care system

⇒ Vaccinations and medical certificates

⇒ Tax system

⇒ Economy

⇒ Prices by index

⇒ Real estate

⇒ Company foundation

⇒ Visa

⇒ Safety

⇒ German agencies


Bulgaria with its diverse culture

If you are planning to emigrate to Bulgaria, you will be interested in the rich and diverse culture of Bulgaria. Here are some interesting facts about the culture in Bulgaria:

History: Bulgaria has a long and eventful history dating back to ancient times. The country has seen many conquerors and rulers, including the Romans, the Byzantines, the Ottomans and the Soviet Union.

Traditions: Bulgaria has many unique and fascinating traditions that are still maintained today. Some of these include the fabulous Kukeri, the colorful Martenitsi and the celebration of Babinden, a festival day for women.

Music: Music in Bulgaria is very important and has a long tradition. The Bulgarian choir has a unique polyphony, which is famous in the world. Folk music is also very popular and there are many different styles and instruments.

Dance: Bulgaria has many traditional dances that are very lively and energetic. Some of the most famous dances are Horo, Ruchenitsa and Kopanitsa.

Food: Bulgarian cuisine is rich in flavor and variety. Some of the most famous dishes are moussaka, banitsa, tarator and shopska salad. Wine is also very important in Bulgaria and there are many good varieties.

Religion: Bulgaria is an Orthodox country and religion has an important role in the culture. There are many ancient churches and monasteries that can be visited.

Literature: Bulgaria has a rich literary tradition dating back to the Middle Ages. Some of the most famous authors are Ivan Vazov, Hristo Botev and Elisaveta Bagryana.

Holidays: Bulgaria has many holidays based on religious and national traditions. Some of the most important holidays are Easter, Christmas, National Day and Liberation Day.


Bulgaria has a varied climate, which is influenced by the mountains, the proximity to the sea and the surrounding countries. In general, however, the climate is continental, with hot summers and cold winters.

In summer (June-August) the average temperature is about 25-30°C, but in some parts of the country temperatures can rise above 35°C. In the mountains it is cooler and more pleasant. Nights are usually cool and pleasant.

In winter (December-February) the average temperature is about -2°C to 5°C, but in some areas it can be much colder. The winter months are cold and snowy in the mountains, while milder on the coast.

Bulgaria also has a high precipitation rate, and it often rains throughout the year. Spring (March-May) and autumn (September-November) are usually the wettest seasons.

The Black Sea coast of Bulgaria has a mild, humid climate influenced by the Black Sea. Summer temperatures are somewhat cooler here, while winters are milder than inland.

In summary, Bulgaria has a continental climate with hot summers and cold winters. Visitors should prepare for changeable weather and varying temperatures depending on the region.


Bulgaria is a country where the Bulgarian language is spoken. This language is a Slavic language and can be an interesting challenge for people who like to learn new languages.

Many people in Bulgaria also speak English as a second language, especially in the larger cities. It is also in Bulgaria, as in our country, a language used in international communication. Nevertheless, English is not as widely spoken as in the Netherlands or Scandinavia. It is therefore advisable to be open to the language when emigrating to Bulgaria and to quickly acquire the basic knowledge to be able to communicate in everyday life.

Bulgarian school system

The school system in Bulgaria is similar to the European standard and consists of three levels: Elementary School, Secondary School and Higher Education. Here is some basic information about the education system in Bulgaria:

  1. Elementary school: Primary school in Bulgaria lasts eight years and starts at the age of six. The subjects taught in elementary school are mathematics, languages (Bulgarian and foreign languages e.g. English), natural sciences, social sciences, arts and physical education.
  2. Secondary school: Secondary school in Bulgaria lasts four years and consists of two cycles: a basic cycle (grades 5-8) and a profile cycle (grades 9-12). During the basic cycle, students are taught the same subjects as in elementary school. During the profile cycle, students can choose between different profiles, depending on their interests and abilities.
  3. Higher Education: Higher education in Bulgaria usually lasts between four and six years, depending on the course of study. There are different types of higher education institutions in Bulgaria, including universities, colleges and polytechnics.

The school system in Bulgaria is centralized and state-funded. Education is mandatory for children ages six to 16 and free for all students. Teachers in Bulgaria must have a bachelor’s or master’s degree and complete teacher training.

Overall, the education system in Bulgaria is solid and provides students with a solid foundation in various subjects. There are also opportunities for higher education in many different degree programs.

In Bulgaria, homeschooling and / or online schooling is also possible.

The Bulgarian education system allows parents to teach their children at home or participate in online education programs. Here is some information about it:

Homeschooling: In Bulgaria, homeschooling is called “домашно образование” (domashno obrazovanie). Parents have the right to educate their children at home, but must meet certain requirements and obtain permission from the Bulgarian authorities. This includes presenting a curriculum that meets state educational standards. Parents must also ensure that their children participate in the national exams. Periodic reviews by the school inspectorate may take place to ensure that educational standards are being met.

Online school: In recent years, the offer of online schools in Bulgaria has also developed. These schools offer virtual classes over the Internet, allowing students to learn from home. Online schools must be state-approved and meet national education standards. They typically offer a wide range of courses and class materials and allow students to learn at their own pace.

It is important to note that the exact regulations and procedures for homeschooling and online schools in Bulgaria may vary. It is recommended to contact Bulgarian education authorities or schools for up-to-date information and requirements.

Healthcare system

The health care system of Bulgaria is state-funded and includes both public and private health care facilities. Here is some basic information about the health care system of Bulgaria:

  1. General information: The health care system in Bulgaria is managed by the National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF), which is responsible for financing and organizing health care services. The NHIF is funded by contributions from employers, employees and the government.
  2. Health facilities: There are several types of healthcare facilities in Bulgaria, including hospitals, clinics, health centers and pharmacies. Most health care facilities in Bulgaria are public and provide free or low-cost medical care for Bulgarian citizens and EU citizens with a European Health Insurance Card.
  3. Doctors and nurses: The healthcare staff in Bulgaria consists of doctors, nurses and caregivers. Most doctors in Bulgaria speak Bulgarian, but there are also many who speak English or other foreign languages.
  4. Medical care: The health care system in Bulgaria provides good medical care in most cases. However, there are some challenges, such as long wait times for non-acute cases and deficiencies in equipment and infrastructure at some facilities.
  5. Medication: Medicines are relatively cheap in Bulgaria and can be bought in pharmacies. However, there are some medications that are only available on a doctor’s prescription.

Overall, the health care system in Bulgaria provides a solid foundation for the medical care of the Bulgarian population. However, there are some challenges and it is important that anyone moving to Bulgaria has health insurance to ensure they are well covered in case of medical emergencies.

Vaccinations and medical certificates

Currently, no mandatory vaccinations are required for entry into Bulgaria. Just make sure that the standard vaccinations are always up to date.

Tax system

The tax system in Bulgaria is downright dreamlike, very simple and also transparent. There is a uniform corporate income tax rate of 10% and a uniform personal income tax rate of 10%. In addition, there is a 20% value added tax that is charged on most goods and services. The withholding tax is also very favorable, amounting to just 5%.

Bulgaria also has some tax incentives and tax exemptions for companies operating in certain industries or investing in certain regions of the country. For example, there is a zero tax on profits of companies investing in the Bulgarian IT sector.

Bulgaria can confidently be called a legal tax haven within Europe.

It is important to note that Bulgaria is a member of the European Union and its tax laws must comply with European directives. Therefore, if you are a taxpayer in Bulgaria, you must comply with the relevant tax regulations and may also have to file your tax return in Bulgarian.


Basically, the economy in Bulgaria is mainly based on exports. A major problem of Bulgaria is the very strong emigration, which in turn naturally leads to a shortage of skilled workers. The IT, electronics, mechanical engineering, automotive and environment sectors are very positive. Other business sectors such as food, mining, tourism, pharmaceuticals are also absolutely worth mentioning.

27.6% is occupied by the production sector in Bulgaria, and an impressive 67.2% by the service sector.
The main exports from Bulgaria are metals, textiles, machinery and foodstuffs. Germany is one of the largest buyers of Bulgarian manufactured goods. At the same time, Germany is also the largest importer(petroleum and petroleum products), closely followed by Russia.
The forecasts for Bulgaria are positive overall, as the country has a solid economic structure and a relatively stable political situation. Economic growth is expected to continue in the coming years, especially if the country continues its efforts to improve the business environment and encourage investment.
This country, too, will first have to recover from the Corona period, since tourism has, of course, also plummeted in Bulgaria. But the forecasts for Bulgaria are consistently positive. Economic growth of 2.8% is expected for 2023.
Prices by index

Da sich die Preise aufgrund der EU-weit steigenden Inflation sehr stark und auch schnell ändern, verweisen wir hier auf die Website Cost of Living. This website updates the information so that you are always up to date.

Auswandern nach Bulgarien dem europäischen Steuerparadies
Real Estate

The real estate market in Bulgaria is currently strongly influenced by two factors. The war in Ukraine and the high inflation, which is also noticeable in Bulgaria through rising prices in the energy sector, fuels and building materials.

Also having a major impact on current real estate prices is increased demand. Many countries within Europe are considering emigrating to Bulgaria as it is not only tax friendly, life is cheaper and so are property prices and rental costs.

Who would like to acquire now still favorably in Bulgaria a real estate, which should hurry, because also here real estates become scarce.

In recent years, foreign investors have increasingly invested in the Bulgarian real estate market, which has further increased demand. In particular, real estate in Bulgaria’s coastal regions on the Black Sea is very popular with foreign buyers.

However, it is important to be cautious when buying real estate in Bulgaria and seek advice from a qualified lawyer or real estate expert. There are some specific rules and regulations related to the purchase of real estate in Bulgaria that may be different for foreign buyers and should be carefully considered.

Wir helfen Ihnen gerne bei der Suche nach einer Wohnung oder einem Haus. Click here for our real estate listings.

Company foundation

In principle, setting up a company in Bulgaria as an EU country is of course possible.

Starting a business in Bulgaria can be relatively easy, but requires some steps and formalities. Here are the steps you should follow when starting a business in Bulgaria:

  1. Choose a legal form: you need to decide what type of company you want to create. There are different types of companies in Bulgaria, including sole proprietorships, limited liability companies (LLCs), joint stock companies (JSCs) and partnerships.

  2. Choose a name: You need to choose a unique name for your company and make sure that it is not used by other companies in Bulgaria.

  3. Register your company: You must register your company with the Bulgarian Trade Register Authority and pay a registration fee.

  4. Obtain a tax number: You must apply for a tax number at the Bulgarian tax authority.

  5. Open a bank account: You need to open a bank account for your business.

  6. Apply for licenses and permits: Depending on the nature of your business, you may need licenses or permits before you can begin operations.

  7. Rent an office or business address: You must have a physical address in Bulgaria where your company can do business.

It is also important to note that Bulgaria is a member of the European Union and must comply with European directives and regulations. Therefore, when you start a business in Bulgaria, you must also comply with European business and tax regulations. Es ist ratsam, sich von einem qualifizierten Anwalt oder einer Gründungsagentur beraten zu lassen, um sicherzustellen, dass Sie alle notwendigen Schritte befolgen und die rechtlichen Anforderungen erfüllen.


Due to membership in the European Union, no visa is required.

As a German citizen, even if you are not gainfully employed, you have the right to live in any EU country. This also applies if you want to live off your pension or savings.

You deregister in Germany and register in Bulgaria. You will be issued a certificate to that effect.

Do not forget to open a bank account.

Security in the country

There are certain security problems in Bulgaria, especially in some urban areas and near borders with countries that are used as transit routes for organized crime. However, Bulgarian authorities have taken measures to improve public safety and reduce crime.

The Bulgarian government has taken measures to fight crime in recent years, including the creation of special police units and improving cooperation with other countries in the region. In particular, efforts have been made in recent years to combat corruption in the public sector, which has helped to strengthen public confidence in Bulgarian institutions.

However, as in almost every country, there are still some security problems, such as theft, fraud and burglaries, especially in tourist areas. It is recommended to take general safety precautions and be vigilant, especially in public transportation and tourist areas.

German representations in Bulgaria


Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany Sofia
Uliza Frederic-Joliot-Curie 25
1000 Sofia
Phone: +359 2 91 83 80
Website: www.sofia.diplo.de


Honorary Consul of the Federal Republic of Germany Plovdiv
ul. Saborna 7
4000 Plovdiv
Email: plovdiv@hk-diplo.de
Phone: +359 32 65 04 54


Honorary Consul of the Federal Republic of Germany Varna
Bul. 8-mi Primorski Polk 54
9000 Varna
Email: varna@hk-diplo.de
Phone: +359 52 69 36 93

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