Emigrate to Austria

⇒ Austria culture

⇒ Climate

⇒ Language

⇒ Malta school system

⇒ Health care system

⇒ Vaccinations and medical certificates

⇒ Tax system

⇒ Economy

⇒ Prices by index

⇒ Real estate

⇒ Company foundation

⇒ Visa

⇒ Safety

⇒ German agencies

⇔ BACK TO OVERVIEW⇔

A journey into Austrian culture

Deciding to emigrate to a new country is an exciting step that brings with it a wealth of new experiences and opportunities. For those thinking about moving to Austria, the country offers not only breathtaking landscapes and a strong economy, but also a rich cultural diversity.

Cultural traditions and customs:

Austria is proud of its cultural traditions and customs, which are closely linked to its history and neighboring countries. From the famous Viennese opera and ball seasons to the lively folk festivals and celebrations, such as the Vienna Wiesn Festival or the Linz Pflasterspektakel, there are cultural highlights to experience throughout the year. A visit to the country’s numerous museums and historical sites will allow you to immerse yourself in its rich past and better understand Austrian culture.

Music and art:

Austria has an impressive musical and artistic tradition. As the birthplace of composers such as Mozart, Haydn and Schubert, the country has a strong influence on classical music. Visit the world-famous Vienna State Opera or the Salzburg Music Festival to experience unforgettable performances. In addition, Austria is also known for its contemporary art scene, which offers a mix of traditional and modern styles. The Museumsquartiere in Vienna and the Grazer Kunsthaus are just a few examples of the impressive diversity of art in Austria.

Culinary delights:

Austrian cuisine is known for its hearty dishes and delicious baked goods. From Wiener Schnitzel to Sachertorte and apple strudel, Austrian cuisine offers a variety of dishes that you should definitely try. A visit to a traditional Heurigen (wine tavern) in the Wachau region or a Viennese coffee house is an absolute must to experience the authentic atmosphere and taste of Austrian cuisine.

Nature and outdoor activities:

Austria’s impressive landscape offers numerous opportunities for outdoor activities. From the majestic Alps to the idyllic lakes and picturesque valleys, nature is ever present. Skiing, hiking, biking and climbing are just some of the popular activities you can enjoy in your free time. The well-developed infrastructures and the commitment to environmental protection make Austria a paradise for nature lovers.

Austria is a country with a fascinating cultural identity characterized by music, art, culinary delights and impressive nature. If you are thinking of emigrating to Austria, you have the opportunity to immerse yourself in a diverse and vibrant culture. Take the time to explore the traditions and customs and interact with the friendly locals. Austria has a lot to offer and will inspire you with its unique culture.

Das Nachbarland von Österreich mit seiner reichhaltigen Kultur ein ideales Auswanderungsland

Climate

Austria is located in Central Europe and has a variety of climatic conditions due to its geographical location and alpine topography. The climate varies depending on the region, altitude and season. Basically, four different climate zones can be distinguished in Austria: alpine climate, continental climate, Pannonian climate and Mediterranean climate.
An alpine climate prevails in the alpine regions, which are mainly found in the eastern and western parts of the country. Summers are short and mild, while winters are long and cold. Temperatures can drop sharply at higher elevations during the winter, and snow is common in the mountains. The amount of precipitation is relatively high, mainly due to the frequent snowfalls that contribute to the formation of the famous Austrian ski resorts.
The continental climate dominates large parts of Austria, especially in the flatter areas in the east. Here the summers are warm to hot and the winters are cold. Temperature differences between seasons can be significant. The amount of precipitation is lower compared to the alpine regions, and the vegetation often consists of dry forests and grasslands.
In the Pannonian climate, which is mainly found in the eastern part of Austria along the Hungarian border, summers are hot and winters are cold. There is relatively little rainfall, and the vegetation consists mainly of steppe-like landscapes.
Along Lake Neusiedl in the far east of the country there is a small region with a Mediterranean climate. Here, summers are hot and dry, while winters are mild and humid. This area is known for its wine production and its characteristic flora and fauna.
It is important to note that the climate has undergone certain changes in recent decades due to climate change. Overall, rising temperatures and a reduction in snow cover were observed in Austria, especially at lower elevations.
When planning to move to Austria, it is advisable to take into account the specific climate of the region where you plan to settle in order to adapt to the weather conditions.

Language

The official language in Austria is German, although the Austrian dialect has some specific peculiarities. However, most Austrians also speak English, especially in urban centers. Austrian society is characterized by cultural diversity and tolerance. Here you will find people from different countries and cultures who enrich the social fabric.

School and education system in Austria

In Austria, there are various school systems that offer a wide range of educational opportunities for students. In general, school systems in Austria can be divided into three main categories: the public school system, the private school system and the vocational school system.

Public school system: The public school system in Austria comprises state schools financed by the federal states and municipalities. It is free and mandatory for all students. The public school system is divided into different levels:

Kindergarten: Kindergartens are available in Austria for children aged about 3 to 6 years. Attendance is voluntary but widespread.

Elementary school: Elementary school is the elementary school in Austria and usually lasts four years. It starts at the age of about 6 years.

Hauptschule/NMS (New Middle School): The Hauptschule has been largely replaced by the Neue Mittelschule, which is a common school for students aged about 10 to 14. The NMS offers a wide range of subjects and allows students to pursue different educational paths.

Allgemeinbildende höhere Schulen (AHS): AHS include various types of Gymnasium, such as Bundesgymnasium, Realgymnasium and Oberstufenrealgymnasium. They provide a general education and prepare students for higher education.

Vocational schools (BBS): BBS offer practical and job-oriented training. There are different types of BBS, such as berufsbildende mittlere Schulen (BMS) and berufsbildende höhere Schulen (BHS), which lead to vocational qualifications.

Private school system: The private school system comprises schools operated by private sponsors. These schools often have a special orientation or educational approach, for example, religious schools, international schools, or alternative education schools. Private schools usually charge tuition.

Vocational schools: The vocational school system provides educational opportunities for students who want to prepare for a career. It includes vocational middle schools (BMS) and vocational high schools (BHS) that provide practical knowledge and skills in various occupational fields.

The Austrian school system is organized on a federal level, which means that there may be differences between the individual federal states. There are also special schools for students with special needs, such as special schools or integrative schools, which aim to provide inclusive education.

Homeschooling and / or online schooling

Austrian school law provides regulations and opportunities for parents to homeschool their children or participate in online school programs if certain requirements are met. Here is some important information about it:

Homeschooling: Homeschooling in Austria is referred to as “teaching at home”. Parents may homeschool their children if they obtain permission from the appropriate authorities. The following steps are required:

    • Filing an Application: Parents must file a formal application with the appropriate school board. This may vary depending on the state.
    • Educational Concept: The application should include an educational concept that describes the instructional plan and learning objectives for the child.
    • Review: The school board reviews the application and the educational plan to ensure that the instruction meets the legal requirements. In some cases, a personal examination or consultation may be required.
    • Approval: If the application is approved, parents will be given permission to homeschool their children. However, conditions and periodic reviews may be established

Online school: Austria also allows students to participate in online school programs, where they receive instruction over the Internet. This is especially appropriate for students who are unable to attend face-to-face classes for health reasons or for families seeking more flexible learning options.

Online School Programs: There are several institutions and schools that offer online learning programs. These programs may cover the national curriculum or take specific pedagogical approaches.

Enrollment: Parents must enroll their children in the appropriate online school programs. Requirements and procedures may vary by program.

Monitoring and Assessment: Students are monitored and assessed by their online instructors to ensure they are progressing and acquiring the required skills.

Die traumhafte und vielfältige Landschaft von Österreich

Healthcare system

The health care system in Austria is among the best in Europe and provides comprehensive medical care for the population. Here is some important information about the health care system in Austria, including health care for immigrants:

  1. General health care system: Austria has a universal health care system based on the principle of solidarity. It is financed by health insurance contributions paid by employers, employees and the self-employed. Health insurance is usually compulsory, and most people are covered by the statutory health insurance (Gebietskrankenkasse).
  2. Health care services: The Austrian health care system provides comprehensive health care services, including medical treatment, hospitalization, medication, preventive examinations and rehabilitation. Medical care includes both outpatient and inpatient treatment and is generally provided by physicians in private practice, specialists and hospitals.
  3. Immigrants and health care: Immigrants in Austria are generally entitled to the Austrian health care system. If you are an immigrant living and working in Austria, you are usually covered by statutory health insurance and have access to the same medical care as Austrian citizens. Health insurance coverage is usually linked to the status of the right of residence. It is important to register with the appropriate health insurance agency and obtain an insurance card in order to receive health benefits.
  4. European Health Insurance Card (EHIC): Immigrants from European Union (EU) member states, the European Economic Area (EEA), and Switzerland should apply for the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC). This card entitles you to medical care under the same conditions as Austrian citizens.
  5. Private Health Insurance: Some immigrants to Austria may opt for private health insurance to receive additional benefits or specific services beyond basic coverage.

It is important to note that the exact details and formalities related to access to health care for immigrants may vary depending on the individual situation and residency status. It is recommended to check with the relevant authorities and health insurance companies to obtain accurate information about insurance coverage and access to medical care as an immigrant in Austria.

Vaccinations and medical certificates

If you emigrate to Austria as an EU citizen, certain regulations apply to vaccinations and medical certificates due to EU membership and the associated freedom of movement. Here is the relevant information:

Vaccinations: There are no specific vaccination requirements or vaccination obligations when crossing the border between the two countries. Vaccination recommendations and regulations are very similar within the EU. It is recommended that your immunizations are up to date, especially standard immunizations such as tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), measles, mumps, rubella and influenza. Additional vaccinations may be recommended for certain travel plans or individual circumstances. It is advisable to check your vaccination status before emigrating and obtain any required vaccinations.

Medical Evidence: When emigrating to Austria as an EU citizen, no specific medical evidence is usually required. There are no general requirements for health certificates or medical examinations for EU citizens settling in another EU country. They have the right to freedom of movement and can receive the same medical care in Austria as Austrian citizens.

Nevertheless, it is recommended that you have a valid European Health Insurance Card (EHIC), which will give you access to medical care under the same conditions as those insured in Austria. The EHIC is issued by German health insurance companies and covers emergency treatment and medically necessary services.

Tax system

The tax system in Austria is progressive and comprises various types of taxes that are used to finance public spending. Here is some important information about the tax system in Austria:

  1. Income tax: Income tax is one of the most important types of tax in Austria. It is levied on the income of natural persons and is based on a progressive rate with several tax brackets. The tax rate increases with rising income. There are also allowances and deductions that taxpayers can take advantage of. Income tax is deducted directly from salary by the employer (payroll tax), but an annual income tax return may also be required to make up any differences.
  2. Corporate income tax: Corporate income tax is the tax on the income of legal entities such as companies, corporations and cooperatives. The current tax rate is 25 percent.
  3. Sales tax: Sales tax (also called value added tax) is levied on the sale of goods and services. The general sales tax rate is currently 20 percent, but there are also reduced rates of 10 percent and 13 percent for certain goods and services.
  4. Wealth tax: There is no general wealth tax in Austria. However, there are property taxes and certain levies on certain assets such as real estate.
  5. Inheritance and gift tax: Inheritances and gifts may be subject to tax in Austria. The amount of tax depends on various factors, including the relationship between the donor and the recipient and the value of the assets transferred.

It is important to note that the Austrian tax system can be complex and the exact regulations and tax rates may change over time. It is recommended to consult a tax advisor or consultant for individual advice and support on tax issues.

Economy

The economy in Austria is strong and diverse. The country has a highly developed market economy with a high standard of living and a diversified economic structure. Here is some information on the current economic situation in Austria and forecasts for the future:

Like all EU countries, Austria is struggling with strong inflation. In 2023 (as of June 2023), the inflation rate is 7.5%. Economic growth is 0.3%. The conservative forecast for 2024 is 1.4%.

According to the WKO ( https://www.wko.at/service/zahlen-daten-fakten/wirtschaftslage-prognose.html ), private consumer spending will be 0.9% in 2023. The forecast for 2024 is 1.8%.

In 2023, economic output will also stagnate in Austria. Inflation, which is far too high, and the weak order situation within the industry are very much slowing down the economy. According to WIFO, stagnation will continue until the end of the year.

While industry has to accept declines, the services sector is developing very well. The food service sector is even expected to grow by 3.5%.

The rise in interest rates is having a very unfavorable impact on investments, which is particularly noticeable in the construction sector. In 2024, a recovery is projected and there is also a small growth.

As in the EU as a whole, inflation and its impact on monetary policy pose a downside risk in Austria. The international environment in particular may delay the recovery of the economy.

The tourism industry has experienced very good growth, especially due to foreign tourists.

Und ewig grüsst das Murmeltier - Wegzug aus Deutschland nach Österreich

Prices by index

Prices in Austria can generally be considered somewhat higher compared to Germany. However, it is important to note that price differences depend on several factors, such as geographic location, city or region within the country, and the specific products or services being considered.

As many things in the world are currently in flux, so are prices. We will have to wait and see where the journey takes us. For current prices we recommend the Cost of Living website.

Real Estate

In recent years, the real estate market in Austria has seen positive development, especially in metropolitan areas such as Vienna, Salzburg, Graz and Innsbruck. Here is some important information on the development of the real estate market in Austria:

  1. Price increase: Real estate prices have risen in Austria in recent years. Especially in urban areas, where demand is high, prices for condominiums and rental apartments have risen significantly. This trend has been influenced by factors such as a strong economy, a growing population, low mortgage rates, and limited housing availability.
  2. Housing shortage: There is a shortage of housing in some regions of Austria, especially in popular cities. Demand often exceeds supply, resulting in higher prices and limited selection. This can make it more difficult for buyers and renters to find suitable properties.
  3. Investments in real estate: Due to rising prices and high demand, the real estate market in Austria has become an attractive asset class for investors. Both domestic and foreign investors are interested in the Austrian real estate market and invest in residential and commercial properties.
  4. Regional differences: There are regional differences in the real estate market in Austria. While prices tend to be higher in metropolitan areas, they can be lower in rural areas. Demand and supply vary depending on location and economic situation.

Right now, real estate prices will develop quite differently than they have in recent years.

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Starting a Business in Austria: Opportunities for EU Citizens

Austria offers a dynamic economy and a stable business environment that provides attractive opportunities for start-ups. Both Austrian citizens and EU citizens have the opportunity to establish a company in Austria and benefit from the numerous advantages of the location. This article highlights the various steps and options for successfully starting a business in Austria, especially with regard to EU citizens.

  • Legal form of the company: In Austria, various legal forms can be chosen for the establishment of a company. The most common options include the sole proprietorship, the limited liability company (GmbH) and the stock corporation (AG). The choice of legal form depends on factors such as the size of the company, capital requirements and liability issues.
  • Steps to incorporation: The process of starting a business in Austria involves several steps. This includes registration in the company register, obtaining a business license (if required), opening a business account and complying with tax obligations. It is advisable to seek professional assistance from a lawyer or tax advisor to make the incorporation process smooth.
  1. Funding opportunities: Austria offers various funding programs and financial incentives to support business start-ups. These include grants, loans and tax incentives. Both Austrian citizens and EU citizens can benefit from these funding opportunities, provided that certain requirements are met. It is worth finding out about the various funding programs and checking whether your own company is eligible for them.
  2. Special regulations for EU citizens: EU citizens enjoy special rights and privileges in Austria when starting a business. You can start a business or participate in existing businesses without needing a special permit. In addition, EU citizens can generally benefit from the same tax and legal advantages as Austrian citizens. However, it is important to be aware of specific legal requirements and regulations, especially with regard to professional licenses or protected trades.

Austria offers an attractive environment for start-ups, regardless of their citizenship. The country’s geographical location in the center of Europe and the wide range of support options make it an ideal location for start-ups and companies. EU citizens benefit from the freedoms and rights of the European Single Market and can set up a company in Austria relatively easily. Thorough research and collaboration with experts are crucial to making the start-up process successful and benefiting from the numerous opportunities Austria offers as a business location.

Visa

As an EU citizen you do not need a special visa to settle in Austria. According to the rights of free movement within the European Union, EU citizens have the right to travel, reside and work in another EU country.

Here, too, you must of course register for permanent residence.

Security in the country

Austria is one of the safest countries in the world, and its crime rate is comparatively low by international standards. The security situation in Austria is generally stable, and the government is actively engaged in maintaining law and order. Here is some information on the various aspects of security in Austria:

  1. Crime: The general crime rate in Austria is relatively low. Most crimes are minor offenses such as theft, property damage or fraud. Serious violent crimes are rare, but as in every country, there are individual cases of violent crime in Austria. However, it is noted that crime is not evenly distributed across the country and certain areas may be at higher risk. It is advisable to take reasonable precautions, especially in busy urban areas or tourist sites.
  2. Demonstrations and riots: Demonstrations and protests are a democratic right in Austria, and most events are peaceful and without incident. The Austrian authorities take care to ensure that demonstrations are properly organized and that public safety is guaranteed. However, in some cases, tensions or violent incidents may occur. It is recommended to be vigilant during political rallies and to avoid crowds if there are signs of unrest or violence.
  3. Terrorism: As in many European countries, there is a certain risk of terrorist activities in Austria. However, Austrian authorities are taking extensive measures to combat terrorism and ensure public safety. The police and security services work closely together to identify and prevent potential threats. Regular safety checks are also performed to minimize potential hazards.

As with any other country, it is always important to inform yourself in advance about the security situation, as it can always change.

German agencies in Austria

Address:

Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany Vienna
Gauermanngasse 2-4
1010 Wien
Phone: +43 1 711 54 0
Website: www.wien.diplo.de

Address:

Honorary Consul of the Federal Republic of Bregenz
Messestraße 11
Building M11
6850 Dornbirn
E-Mail: bregenz@hk-diplo.de
Phone: +43 55 72 20 71 87

Address:

Honorary Consul of the Federal Republic of Graz
c/o Andritz AG/Gewerbepark
Andritzer Reichsstraße 66
8045 Graz
E-Mail: graz@hk-diplo.de
Phone: +43 316 69 49 70

Address:

Honorary Consul of the Federal Republic of Germany Linz
Untere Donaulände 28
4020 Linz
E-Mail: linz@hk-diplo.de
Phone: +43 732 79 77 01

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