Emigrate to Peru

⇒ Peru culture

⇒ Climate

⇒ Language

⇒ School system of Peru

⇒ Health care system

⇒ Vaccinations and medical certificates

⇒ Tax system

⇒ Economy

⇒ Prices by index

⇒ Real estate

⇒ Company foundation

⇒ Visa

⇒ Safety

Peru culture

The culture of Peru is diverse and rich, characterized by a mixture of indigenous, Spanish, African and other cultural influences. Here are some characteristics of Peruvian culture:

  1. Indigenous Roots: Peru has a rich indigenous history and is home to numerous indigenous peoples such as the Quechua, Aymara, Shipibo and many others. Indigenous culture and traditions are evident in the art, music, language, cuisine and daily life.
  2. Colonial Influences: During the colonial period, Peru was conquered by the Spanish, which led to an intermingling of indigenous and Spanish cultures. This is evident in the architecture, religious customs and language, as Spanish is the dominant language.
  3. Gastronomy: Peru is often considered one of the best culinary destinations in the world. Peruvian cuisine is varied and rich, with an abundance of flavors, spices and ingredients. Well-known Peruvian dishes include ceviche, lomo saltado, anticuchos and pisco sour.
  4. Music and Dance: Music is an important part of the Peruvian culture. Traditional musical instruments such as the quena (bamboo flute) and the charango (small guitar) are commonly used. Traditional dances such as the Marinera and the Huayno are also important expressions of Peruvian culture.
  5. Traditional festivals: Peru celebrates a variety of traditional festivals and holidays that are deeply rooted in the country’s culture and history. A well-known festival is Inti Raymi, the Inca Sun Festival, celebrated every year on June 24 near Cusco.
  6. Handicrafts: Handicraft traditions are widespread in Peru. There are a variety of artisan techniques and products, including textiles, ceramics, silver jewelry, wood carvings and more. Each region has its own specific craft traditions.
  7. Natural landscapes: Peru offers an impressive variety of natural landscapes, including the Andes, the Amazon rainforest and the coast. Nature plays an important role in Peruvian culture and spirituality.
Die vielfältige Landschaft von Peru wird Sie beim Auswandern nach Peru beeindrucken

Climate

The climate in Peru varies depending on the geographical location and altitude. Due to the geographical diversity of the country, there are different climatic zones in Peru. Here are the main characteristics of the climatic zones:

  1. Coastal area: The coastal area of Peru, located along the Pacific Ocean, is characterized by a dry and mild climate. Summers are warm and dry, while winters are mild and foggy. The average temperatures are between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius throughout the year.
  2. Andean region: The Andean region of Peru, which extends through the central highlands, has a cooler temperature due to the high altitude. The higher elevations are cool to cold, while the lower elevations are more temperate. Temperatures can vary greatly depending on altitude. In the Andes there is also a rainy season that lasts from November to March.
  3. Amazon Rainforest: The Amazon Rainforest in the eastern part of Peru is tropical and humid. The climate here is hot and humid with high rainfall throughout the year. Temperatures remain consistently high, often above 30 degrees Celsius, and humidity is high.

It is important to note that Peru has a wide variation in climate due to its geographic diversity within a relatively small geographic area.

Language

In Peru, two languages are officially recognized: Spanish and Quechua. Spanish is the most widely spoken language and is spoken as a native language by the vast majority of the Peruvian population. It is the official language of the country and is used in government, education, media and public life.

Quechua is an indigenous language spoken by a significant number of people in the Andean regions of Peru. There are several Quechua dialects, which may vary depending on the region. Quechua has a special status as part of the cultural heritage of Peru and is also promoted in some schools and public institutions.

In addition, many other indigenous languages are spoken in Peru and are used by the country’s indigenous peoples. These include Aymara, Asháninka, Shipibo-Konibo, Awajún, Wampis and many others. However, these indigenous languages have a limited distribution and are mainly used within indigenous communities.

School system of Peru

For emigrating to Peru with your family, the school system is obviously of great importance:

The school system in Peru comprises a primary and a secondary level. Primary education lasts 6 years, during which students develop basic skills in mathematics, language, science, social studies, and the arts. After completing elementary school, students have the option of attending secondary school.

Secondary education is divided into two cycles: the basic cycle (Ciclo Básico) and the advanced cycle (Ciclo Avanzado). The basic cycle lasts 3 years and includes a broader curriculum that allows students to expand their knowledge and skills in a variety of subjects. Upon completion of the basic cycle, students have the option of either pursuing vocational training or completing the advanced cycle.

The advanced cycle lasts 2 years and prepares students for college entrance or a professional career. Students can choose from a variety of majors, including science, humanities and engineering. At the end of the advanced cycle, students must take a final exam to receive their high school diploma.

There are also private schools in Peru that offer additional educational opportunities and alternative pedagogical approaches.

Healthcare system

The health care system in Peru consists of public and private institutions that provide medical care and health services. The public health system is administered by the Peruvian government and provides health services to the general population, especially low-income and disadvantaged communities.

The public health system includes health centers, hospitals, and clinics that provide medical examinations, treatment, immunizations, and emergency care. However, the quality and availability of medical care in the public health system can vary regionally, with rural and remote areas potentially less well served than urban areas.

There is also a private health care system in Peru, run by private clinics and hospitals. The private facilities usually provide higher quality medical care and more comfort, but at a higher cost. Many people in Peru have private health insurance to access private health services.

It is important to note that medical care and infrastructure can be limited in rural and remote areas of Peru.

Die Tierwelt von Peru - Auswandern nach Peru

Vaccinations and medical certificates

Vaccinations and medical certificates are required to emigrate to Peru as a German. Peru has certain entry requirements regarding vaccinations and health certificates that must be met.

In terms of vaccinations, the following vaccinations are usually recommended or even required:

  1. Yellow Fever Vaccination: A valid yellow fever vaccination is required of travelers entering Peru from countries with a yellow fever risk. It is important to check your vaccination status and make sure your yellow fever vaccination is up to date.
  2. Routine Immunizations: It is recommended that your routine immunizations are up to date, including immunizations such as measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis (Tdap), polio and influenza.

In addition, depending on the intended purpose and duration of stay in Peru, there may be additional health certificates that are required. For example, a medical certificate of your general health and fitness to stay in Peru may be required.

Tax system

The tax system in Peru is based on the territorial principle, which means that taxes are levied on domestic income. Tax legislation in Peru is governed by the General Tax Code (Código Tributario) and other specific tax laws.

The main taxes in Peru are:

  1. Income Tax (Impuesto a la Renta): This is the main tax in Peru levied on the income of individuals and legal entities. There are different income tax rates that apply depending on the level of income.
  2. Sales Tax (Impuesto General a las Ventas – IGV): The IGV is a value-added tax levied on the sale of goods and services. The current rate is usually 18%, but may vary depending on the type of good or service.
  3. Social security contributions: Employees and employers must contribute to social security (Essalud). These contributions finance the health care system in Peru.
  4. Property tax: An annual property tax is levied on real estate and vehicles exceeding a certain value.

Tax tricks

There are legal ways to save taxes in Peru. Here are some common methods:

  1. Exploitation of tax exemptions and concessions: There are certain tax benefits and exemptions granted by the Peruvian government, especially in certain sectors such as agriculture, tourism or promotion of investments. By learning about and claiming these benefits, you can reduce your tax burden.
  2. Use of tax incentives for investment: Peru offers various tax incentives to encourage investment in the country. These include, for example, tax incentives for certain investment projects or for the establishment of companies in certain geographical areas. By taking advantage of these incentives, you can lower your tax burden.
  3. Optimizing expenses and deductions: By carefully planning and recording expenses, companies and individuals in Peru can maximize their tax deductions. It is important to document and organize all relevant expenses and receipts to ensure that all allowable deductions are utilized.
  4. Use of double taxation treaties: Peru has entered into double taxation treaties with various countries to avoid or reduce the taxation of income that could be taxed in both countries. By properly applying these agreements, one can avoid double taxation and reduce one’s tax burden.

Economy

Peru’s economy is considered one of the fastest growing economies in Latin America. It is based on a variety of sectors, including mining, agriculture, fisheries, energy, manufacturing and services.

Mining is a major driver of the Peruvian economy. Peru is a major producer of copper, zinc, silver and gold and is one of the world’s largest producers of these commodities. The mining industry attracts foreign investment and contributes significantly to exports and government revenue generation.

Agriculture is another important economic sector in Peru. The country is known for growing products such as coffee, cocoa, bananas, rice, potatoes and quinoa. The fishing industry is also significant and Peru is one of the largest fisheries producers in the world.

The tourism sector has become much more important in recent years. Peru is known for its rich culture and history, breathtaking landscapes and world famous archaeological sites such as Machu Picchu. Tourism contributes to job creation and economic development of the country.

In addition, the service sector plays an important role in the Peruvian economy, especially in finance, trade, telecommunications and transportation.

Die Landschaft Perus

Prices by index

Even in a fast growing economy like Peru’s, prices can change quickly and vary greatly from region to region, so please refer to the Cost of Living website. This website is constantly updating the information so that you are always up to date.

Real Estate

As an immigrant, it is generally possible to buy or rent real estate in Peru. There are no special restrictions for foreigners to purchase real estate in Peru. Both natural persons and legal entities may acquire ownership of land and real estate.

We will be happy to help you find an apartment or a house. Click here for our real estate listings.

Company foundation

As an immigrant, it is possible to start a business in Peru. Peru has an open business environment and encourages foreign investment. There are several ways to incorporate a company in Peru, such as forming a new company, acquiring an existing company, or establishing a branch of a foreign company.

In order to incorporate a business in Peru, certain steps are required, including registering with the Office of Commerce and Trade (SUNARP) and obtaining a tax number (RUC) from the National Superintendence of Tax Administration (SUNAT). Depending on the type of business, additional permits and licenses may be required.

Company forms

As an immigrant in Peru, there are several options available to you for starting a business. The most common types of companies are:

  1. Sole proprietorship (Empresa Individual de Responsabilidad Limitada, E.I.R.L.): In a sole proprietorship, the owner is liable with his assets for all the company’s liabilities. It is an easy and inexpensive option to start a business.
  2. Limited Liability Company (Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada, S.R.L.): An S.R.L. is a corporation in which the liability of the partners is limited to their contributions. It requires at least two shareholders and can be an attractive option if you want to collaborate with others.
  3. Stock corporation (Sociedad Anónima, S.A.): An S.A. is a corporation in which the capital is divided into shares. It requires at least two shareholders and offers more flexibility in terms of capital raising and corporate structure.
  4. Partnership (Sociedad en Nombre Colectivo, S.N.C.): A partnership is a form of business in which two or more people jointly establish a business and share profits and losses. The partners are personally liable for the liabilities of the company.
Visa

For emigrating to Peru as a German, there are several visa options. Here are some of the common visa categories for immigrants:

  1. Resident Visa: This visa allows you to live permanently in Peru. There are different subcategories depending on whether you want to work, study, invest or immigrate to Peru for family reasons.
  2. Worker Visa: If you want to work in Peru, you can apply for a worker visa. This usually requires a job offer from a Peruvian employer and a work permit.
  3. Student Visa: If you want to study in Peru, you can apply for a student visa. This usually requires enrollment in an accredited educational institution in Peru.
  4. Investor Visa: If you want to invest in Peru to start a business or invest in an existing business, you can apply for an investor visa. This usually requires a certain minimum amount of investment and proof of economic viability.
  5. Family Reunion Visa: If you have a close family relationship with a person in Peru who is already a resident or citizen, you may apply for a family reunion visa.
Security in the country

Peru is generally a safe country, however, as with many countries, there are certain safety issues that should be considered. There are regions in Peru where there is an increased risk of theft, robbery and pickpocketing, especially in larger cities such as Lima and Cusco. It is recommended to be vigilant in busy and touristy areas, keep valuables safe, and take precautions such as avoiding secluded areas at night.

In addition, there are some regions in Peru where there may be security concerns due to social conflict or illegal activities. These include remote rural areas, border regions, and some parts of the Amazon. It is recommended to obtain information on current security conditions before traveling to these areas and to seek professional travel advice if necessary.

It is advisable to follow the travel advice and recommendations of the Foreign Office or the embassy of your home country and to follow local media and information to stay informed about the current security situation.

We refer here to the Foreign Office: Safety information Peru.

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