Emigrate to Brazil

⇒ Brazil culture

⇒ Climate

⇒ Language

⇒ School system of Brazil

⇒ Health care system

⇒ Vaccinations and medical certificates

⇒ Tax system

⇒ Economy

⇒ Prices by index

⇒ Real estate

⇒ Company foundation

⇒ Visa

⇒ Safety

Brazil culture

Brazilian culture is extremely diverse and rich, as Brazil is a country with a rich history, different ethnic groups and regions. Here are some of the main characteristics that distinguish the culture of Brazil:

  1. Cultural diversity: Brazil is known for its cultural diversity. The country is a melting pot of different ethnic groups, including indigenous peoples, Europeans, Africans and immigrants from different parts of the world. This diversity has resulted in a rich cultural mix.
  2. Music: Brazil is known worldwide for its diverse and rousing music. Samba, Bossa Nova, Forró, MPB (Música Popular Brasileira) and Funk are some of the music styles that originated in Brazil. The Carnival of Rio de Janeiro is famous for its music, dances and parades.
  3. Dance: Brazilian dances are passionate and rhythmic. Besides samba, the lambada, forró, frevo and capoeira dance (a mixture of dance and martial arts) are also popular.
  4. Religion: Brazil is a religiously diverse country where different faiths are practiced. Catholicism is widespread, but Afro-Brazilian religions such as Candomblé and Umbanda also have a significant influence on the culture.
  5. Food: Brazilian cuisine is varied and reflects the influences of different ethnic groups. Popular dishes include feijoada (a black bean stew with meat), açaí, coxinha (chicken croquettes) and pão de queijo (cheese bread).
  6. Art and literature: Brazil has produced many renowned writers, artists and architects. Brazilian literature has gained international recognition, and artists such as Oscar Niemeyer have influenced modern architecture.
  7. Carnival: The Carnival of Brazil is known worldwide and attracts millions of people every year. It is an exciting time with colorful parades, costumes, music and dance.
  8. Sports: Soccer is a passion in Brazil, and the country has produced some of the best soccer players in the world. Besides soccer, volleyball and surfing are also popular sports.
  9. Natural Beauties: Brazil’s natural beauty, including the Amazon rainforest, the Iguazú Falls and the beaches of Rio de Janeiro, shapes the country’s culture and pride.

Climate

The climate in Brazil varies greatly from region to region due to its vast geographic expanse. Brazil spans several latitudes and includes diverse topographies, including rainforests, highlands, savannas, and coastal areas. Here are some of the main climatic zones of Brazil:

  1. Amazon Rainforest: The Amazon Rainforest in northern Brazil has a tropical rainforest climate. It is hot and humid all year round, with high rainfall. Temperatures remain relatively constant, usually between 25°C and 32°C.
  2. Coastal areas: Coastal areas, including cities such as Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, have a tropical climate with a distinct wet and dry season. The summer months are hot and humid, while the winter months are milder and drier.
  3. Pantanal: These wetlands in western Brazil have a seasonal climate with a rainy season in summer and a dry season in winter. Temperatures can be extreme during the dry season.
  4. Caatinga: The Caatinga region in northeastern Brazil is known for its semi-desert and dry savannas. It experiences a long dry season and little rainfall.
  5. South: The south of Brazil, including cities like São Paulo, has a temperate climate with four seasons. Summers are warm and winters are cool. There is regular rainfall throughout the year.
  6. Central Highlands: The Central Highlands, to which Brasília belongs, has a subtropical climate. There is a pronounced dry season in winter and humid summers.

It is important to note that Brazil is located in the Southern Hemisphere, so the seasons are opposite to those in the Northern Hemisphere.

Language

Several languages are spoken in Brazil, with Portuguese being the official language and the most widely spoken. Here are the main languages spoken in Brazil:

  1. Portuguese: Portuguese is the official language of Brazil and is spoken by almost the entire population. This is Brazilian Portuguese, which differs slightly from European Portuguese in pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar.
  2. Indigenous Languages: Brazil is home to many indigenous peoples, and more than 150 different indigenous languages are spoken. Some of these languages are spoken by thousands of people, while others are threatened with extinction.
  3. Immigrant languages: Due to the large number of immigrants from different parts of the world, including Italians, Germans, Japanese, and Arabs, some of these languages are still spoken in certain communities and regions. However, these are often minority languages. In some cases, however, there are cities and regions that live out these languages and their associated cultures. For example, the city of Blumenau, where the German heritage of the founders is still present.
  4. Sign languages: Brazil also has its own sign language, known as “Libras” (Língua Brasileira de Sinais). It is used by the deaf community in Brazil.
  5. English and other foreign languages: English is widely used as a foreign language in Brazil and is often taught in schools. In tourist areas and business environments, English is also commonly used to communicate with foreigners. Spanish is also often understood and spoken due to its geographical proximity to Spanish-speaking countries.

School system of Brazil

For emigrating to Brazil with the family, the school system is obviously of great importance:

The school system in Brazil is federally organized, with education policy controlled by individual states and municipalities and by the federal government. Brazil’s education system is divided into different levels:

  1. Children’s Education (Educação Infantil): This is the preschool education for children aged 0 to 5 years. It is not compulsory, but is attended by many children.
  2. Elementary education (Ensino Fundamental): Primary education in Brazil is compulsory and usually lasts nine years. It is designed for children ages 6 to 14 and includes grades 1 through 9.
  3. Secondary education (Ensino Médio): Secondary education is also compulsory and usually lasts three years. It is designed for youth ages 15 to 17 and includes grades 10 through 12.
  4. Higher Education (Ensino Superior): Higher education in Brazil includes universities, colleges and technical schools. Access to higher education is gained by passing the National Entrance Examination (ENEM) or by taking university entrance examinations administered by individual educational institutions.

Education in Brazil plays an important role in social mobility, and many Brazilian families place great importance on their children’s schooling. Private schools are common, and there are also educational institutions that offer international curricula.

Brazil also has a growing higher education sector and hosts many prestigious universities and research institutions. The Brazilian government is working to promote science and research.

Healthcare system

The health care system in Brazil is a mix of public and private health care. It is administered and funded by various state and federal agencies. The Brazilian health care system is based on the principle of universal access to health care, which is enshrined in the Brazilian Constitution. Here are some important features of the Brazilian health care system:

  1. Public health care: The heart of the Brazilian health care system is the Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), the Unified Health System. It is a publicly funded and universal health care system designed to provide free or low-cost access to health care services for the entire population. SUS provides medical care, immunizations, prevention and health promotion.
  2. Private health care: In addition to the public health care system, there is also extensive private health care in Brazil. Private hospitals, clinics, and physicians provide services that generally require payment. Many Brazilians have private health insurance that covers medical expenses.
  3. Primary care: Primary care is a central component of SBS. Brazil has an extensive network of health centers and community health centers (Unidades Básicas de Saúde, UBS) that provide primary care, immunizations, and preventive services.
  4. Hospitals: Brazil has a large number of public and private hospitals and medical facilities. There are also specialized hospitals in larger cities.
  5. Health promotion and prevention: The Brazilian healthcare system places an emphasis on health promotion and prevention. These include infectious disease control programs, vaccination campaigns and health education.
Ein kleiner Auszug aus der Tierwelt Brasiliens

Vaccinations and medical certificates

Certain vaccinations are required or recommended for emigration to Brazil. Exact vaccination requirements may vary depending on your country of origin and purpose of stay in Brazil.

Some of the vaccinations that are recommended or may be required for emigrating to Brazil are:

  1. Yellow fever vaccination: If you are entering Brazil from a country with yellow fever endemic areas, a yellow fever vaccination may be required. Yellow fever vaccination is also often recommended for travelers to regions where the virus is present.
  2. Tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis (Tdap): This vaccination is usually recommended because tetanus and diphtheria may be present in Brazil.
  3. Hepatitis vaccinations: Hepatitis A and B are common in Brazil, especially in some regions. It is recommended to have these vaccinations, especially if you are staying longer in Brazil or traveling to rural areas.
  4. Polio Vaccination: Polio (infantile paralysis) has been eradicated in Brazil, but it is recommended to keep your vaccination up to date.
  5. Malaria prophylaxis: If you are traveling to regions where malaria is present, your doctor may prescribe appropriate malaria prophylaxis.
  6. Other Vaccinations: Depending on your travel plans and the region of Brazil you are visiting, other vaccinations may be recommended or required. This may vary depending on current health warnings.

Tax system

The tax system in Brazil is complex and includes various taxes at the federal, state and municipal levels. Here are some of the most important taxes and aspects of the Brazilian tax system:

  1. Income Tax (Imposto de Renda – IR): Income tax in Brazil is progressive, which means that the tax rate increases with higher income. Income tax applies to individuals and companies.
  2. Sales Tax (Imposto sobre Circulação de Mercadorias e Serviços – ICMS): The ICMS is a state tax on the sale of goods and services. The tax rate varies from state to state.
  3. Social contributions (Contribuição Social): These levies are collected from employees and employers on wage and salary income and finance social benefits such as pensions and health care.
  4. Social Security (Previdência Social): Social Security is an important part of the Brazilian fiscal system and finances pension benefits and other social services for citizens.
  5. Business Tax (Imposto sobre Serviços – ISS): This municipal tax applies to services provided in a municipality. The tax rate may vary from municipality to municipality.
  6. Property Tax (Imposto Predial e Territorial Urbano – IPTU): This tax is levied on the value of real estate in urban areas and varies by municipality.
  7. Tariffs and Import Taxes: Brazil imposes tariffs on imported goods and services, which are set by the federal government.
  8. Excise taxes: There are various excise taxes on alcohol, tobacco, fuel and other products.

Tax tricks

There are legal ways to save taxes in Brazil, especially when it comes to personal income tax. Here are some of the common methods to save taxes in Brazil:

  1. Take advantage of tax incentives: Brazil offers certain tax benefits and incentives for various economic sectors and investments. These include, for example, tax incentives for research and development, environmental protection projects and investments in specific regions of the country.
  2. Investing in tax bonds: some Brazilian bonds offer tax advantages, as the income from them may be tax-free or taxed at a reduced rate.
  3. Tax Deductions: Brazil allows certain tax deductions for expenses such as medical expenses, education costs, and retirement contributions. You should ensure that you claim all deductions to which you are entitled.
  4. Pension planning: Brazil offers various retirement planning options, including private pension insurance (Previdência Privada). Contributions to private pension insurance may be tax deductible.
  5. Choosing the appropriate tax regime: In Brazil there are different tax regimes for companies and self-employed persons. Choosing the right regime can have a significant impact on the tax burden.
  6. Capital Gains Tax: If you realize capital gains from the sale of assets in Brazil, they are usually subject to capital gains tax. It is important to understand the capital gains tax rules and make strategic decisions where appropriate.
  7. Tax planning: the assistance of a qualified tax advisor or attorney can help develop a tax plan to legally minimize taxes.

Economy

The Brazilian economy is one of the largest in Latin America and has developed strongly over the years. It has a wide range of industries and resources, including agriculture, mining, manufacturing and services. Here are some important features of the Brazilian economy:

  1. Agriculture: Brazil is one of the world’s largest agricultural producers and exports a variety of agricultural products, including soybeans, beef, chicken, coffee, sugar and orange juice. The country has large agricultural areas and is a major player in global agricultural trade.
  2. Mining: Brazil is rich in natural resources and is a major producer of commodities such as iron ore, bauxite, tin and gold. Mining plays a significant role in the Brazilian economy.
  3. Manufacturing: Brazil’s manufacturing industry spans several sectors, including automotive, aerospace, textiles, and chemicals. The country produces cars and aircraft and is an important market for the automotive industry.
  4. Services: The services sector in Brazil is diverse and includes areas such as finance, retail, tourism and information technology. São Paulo is a major financial center in Latin America.
  5. Export: Brazil exports a wide range of products and is an important trading partner for countries around the world. The main export markets are China, the USA, Argentina and the European Union.
  6. Challenges: Despite its economic strength, Brazil faces some economic challenges. These include high unemployment, social inequality, a complex tax structure, high public debt and political instability.
  7. Economic Reforms: In recent years, the Brazilian government has made efforts to implement economic reforms to improve the business environment and diversify the economy. These reforms are intended to promote investment and boost economic growth.
  8. Environment: The environmental impact of economic activities in Brazil, particularly in the Amazon rainforest, is a significant issue. Environmental protection and sustainable practices are important aspects of the discussion on the Brazilian economy.
Auswandern nach Brasilien - eine Bereicherung hinsichtlich Wirtschaft und Kultur

Prices by index

Since prices can change constantly even in a large economy like Brazil’s, we refer here to the Cost of Living website. This constantly updates its values and thus keeps you up to date.

Real Estate

As an immigrant in Brazil, you can buy or rent real estate. Brazil has no restrictions for foreigners who wish to purchase or rent real estate in the country. Here is some important information on this topic:

Buying Real Estate: If you decide to buy real estate in Brazil, you can do so legally as a foreigner. However, there are some steps and legal formalities that you need to follow. This includes applying for a tax number (Cadastro de Pessoa Física – CPF), which is required for the purchase of real estate.

Real estate renting: Renting a property in Brazil is also a common practice. You can rent an apartment or a house as an immigrant. Rental terms and rates vary depending on the location, size and condition of the property. It is important to sign a lease agreement that specifies the terms of the lease, the term of the lease, and the rights and obligations of both parties.

Real estate prices in Brazil can vary greatly depending on the location, size and quality of the property. Popular tourist destinations and major cities often have higher real estate prices, while rural areas tend to be less expensive.

Company foundation

As an immigrant in Brazil, you have the option to start a business or participate in an existing business. Brazil has an open business environment and encourages foreign investment. Here is some important information about starting a business in Brazil:

  1. CPF and CNPJ: If you wish to incorporate a business in Brazil, you must apply for a Brazilian Tax Number (Cadastro de Pessoa Física – CPF) and a Corporate Tax Number (Cadastro Nacional da Pessoa Jurídica – CNPJ). The CPF is required to identify you as an individual, while the CNPJ is assigned to your company.
  2. Legal and tax advice: It is advisable to seek legal and tax advice from a qualified lawyer or tax advisor, as the process of setting up a business in Brazil can be complex. You must obtain all necessary permits and licenses and understand Brazilian tax laws.
  3. Capital Requirements: Capital requirements for starting a business can vary by industry and type of business. Some industries may require special licenses or permits.
  4. Business domicile: You must have an official business domicile in Brazil to incorporate a company. This can be a physical address or a virtual business address.
  5. Work Permits: If you want to work in Brazil as a foreigner, you must apply for the appropriate work permit.
  6. Business culture: It is helpful to understand Brazilian business culture and focus on relationships and networks, as personal relationships often play an important role in business in Brazil.

Brazil offers many business opportunities in various industries, including agriculture, mining, technology, tourism and more.

Company forms

As an immigrant in Brazil, you have several options for starting a business, depending on your business goals, industry and capital. Here are some of the common types of companies available in Brazil:

  1. Sole proprietorship (Empresário Individual): This is the simplest form of company formation and is suitable for small businesses. As a sole proprietor, you are personally responsible for all debts and liabilities of the business.
  2. Limited Liability Company (Sociedade Limitada – Ltda): This is one of the most popular forms of business in Brazil. It allows limiting the liability of shareholders to their capital contributions. A Ltda can be established by one or more persons.
  3. Joint Stock Company (Sociedade Anônima – S.A.): This is a corporation in which the capital is divided into shares. An S.A. may be listed on the stock exchange or privately held. It usually requires a higher minimum capital and has stricter legal requirements.
  4. Branch or Subsidiary: If you already own a foreign company, you can establish a subsidiary (branch) in Brazil. The subsidiary is a separate Brazilian entity operating under Brazilian laws.
  5. Microenterprises (Microempresa – ME) and Small Enterprises (Empresa de Pequeno Porte – EPP): Brazil offers special tax benefits for micro and small enterprises that do not exceed certain turnover limits. This can be an attractive option for small businesses.
  6. Partnerships (Sociedade em Nome Coletivo or Sociedade em Comandita Simples): These forms of partnership allow you to form a company with other people, with limited or unlimited liability depending on the agreement.
Visa

Different types of visas are offered for emigration to Brazil, depending on their purpose and circumstances. Here are some of the most common visa categories to consider for emigrating to Brazil:

  1. Tourist Visa (Visto de Turismo): A tourist visa allows you to visit Brazil for a limited period of time. It is not suitable for immigrants who want to live and work in Brazil. The length of stay is usually up to 90 days and can be extended in some cases.
  2. Business Visa (Visto de Negócios): This visa is intended for business travelers who are temporarily traveling to Brazil to conduct business activities. However, it does not enable long-term immigration.
  3. Work Visa (Visto de Trabalho): If you want to work in Brazil, you must apply for a work visa. This usually requires an employment contract with a Brazilian company and the approval of the Brazilian Ministry of Labor.
  4. Investor Visa (Visto de Investidor): Brazil offers visas to foreign investors who invest a significant amount of money in Brazilian companies. Investor visa requirements may vary by state.
  5. Retired or Pensioner Visa (Visto de Aposentado): Brazil offers retirees from abroad the possibility to obtain a pensioner visa, provided they receive a monthly pension or a sufficient source of income.
  6. Family Reunion (Reunião Familiar): If you have family members in Brazil, you can apply for a visa for family reunification. This usually applies to spouses, children and parents of Brazilian citizens or legal residents.
  7. Student Visa (Visto de Estudante): Students who wish to study in Brazil can apply for a student visa. However, you must first enroll at an accredited educational institution.
Security in the country

Safety in Brazil can vary significantly by region and city, and there are both safer and less safe areas in the country. It is important to note that Brazil, like many countries, has both safer and less safe places, and safety can be affected by many factors, including local crime rates, social and economic conditions, and individual behavior and precautions.

Here are some important points about safety in Brazil:

  1. Large cities: Large Brazilian cities such as São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro and Salvador have neighborhoods with higher crime rates.
  2. Precautions: As in many countries, take basic safety precautions such as avoiding lonely areas at night, keeping your valuables safe, and not showing expensive jewelry or electronic devices in public.
  3. Transportation: In some cities, using public transportation, especially at night, can be risky. Cabs or ride services like Uber are often safer options.
  4. Travel Warnings: It is advisable to check your home country’s travel advisories for Brazil. Governments regularly publish information on the security situation and make recommendations.
  5. Beaches and tourist areas: Popular tourist spots in Brazil tend to be safer, but even here you should be mindful of your personal safety and protect yourself from pickpockets and the like.
  6. Emergency numbers: Know the emergency numbers in Brazil, including 190 for police and 192 for ambulance services.

It is always advisable before taking the step of emigrating, to inform yourself about the official warnings and safety instructions, we refer here to the Foreign Office: Safety Instructions Brazil.

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