Emigrate to Australia

⇒ Australia culture

⇒ Climate

⇒ Language

School system of Australia

⇒ Health care system

⇒ Vaccinations and medical certificates

⇒ Tax system

⇒ Economy

⇒ Prices by index

⇒ Real estate

⇒ Company foundation

⇒ Visa

⇒ Safety

⇒ Back to overview Oceania⇐

Australia culture

Australia’s culture is diverse and shaped by various influences, including indigenous cultures, British colonial history, and immigration from different parts of the world. Here are some characteristics and aspects that distinguish the culture of Australia:

  1. Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Cultures: The indigenous peoples of Australia, known as Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander, have a rich and ancient culture that has greatly shaped the country and its society. Their art, music, stories and spiritual beliefs are an important part of Australian culture.
  2. Multiculturalism: Australia is a multicultural country with immigrants from all over the world. This has resulted in a diverse cultural landscape where people from different ethnic backgrounds bring their traditions and customs and maintain their cultural identity.
  3. Outdoor lifestyle: The Australian climate and natural environment encourage a strong outdoor lifestyle. Sports activities such as surfing, rugby, cricket and tennis are popular. Australian cuisine and outdoor barbecues are also part of the lifestyle.
  4. Arts and Entertainment: Australia has a thriving arts scene with artists, writers, actors and musicians who have achieved international fame. The Australian film industry has also received attention.
  5. Food and drink: Australian cuisine is diverse and reflects the multicultural nature of the country. It includes seafood, beef, lamb, vegetables and exotic dishes from around the world. Australia is also known for its wines and coffee culture.
  6. Recreation and Nature: The Australian landscape is stunning and offers a variety of outdoor activities such as hiking, camping, diving and wildlife viewing. The interaction with nature and the preservation of the environment are important aspects of Australian culture.
  7. Festivals and Events: Australia has a vibrant festival scene with events such as the Sydney Festival, Melbourne International Comedy Festival and Vivid Sydney Festival. These events attract visitors from all over the world.
  8. Social values: Australia values fairness, equality and the “Aussie way of life”. “mateship” is an important social value that emphasizes cooperation and support.


The climate in Australia varies greatly due to its vast geographic expanse and diverse landscapes. In general, the climate in Australia can be divided into several zones:

  1. Tropical climate: The northern part of Australia, including regions such as Queensland and the Northern Territory, has a tropical climate. This means that it is hot and humid all year round, with a rainy season in the summer months.
  2. Desert climate: Most of Australia’s interior consists of deserts and semi-deserts. It has an arid desert climate with low rainfall and extreme temperature fluctuations between day and night.
  3. Temperate climate: The southern regions of Australia, including Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide and Perth, have a temperate climate with mild to warm summers and cool winters. These regions experience four distinct seasons.
  4. Subtropical climate: Some coastal regions, such as the Gold Coast in Queensland and parts of New South Wales, have a subtropical climate with mild winters and hot, humid summers.
  5. Alpine Regions: The mountainous regions of southeastern Australia, such as the Snowy Mountains in New South Wales and the Victorian Alps in Victoria, have an alpine climate with cold winters and snowfall.
  6. Coastal Climate: Coastal areas of Australia, including major coastal cities, experience a maritime climate with moderate temperatures and relatively mild differences between seasons.
  7. Tasmania: Tasmania is the southernmost island of Australia and has a temperate maritime climate. There are four seasons on the Big Island, with only slight changes in temperature. In summer, temperatures range from 17 to 23 degrees, while in winter they range from 3 to 11 degrees. The seasons are slightly offset compared to mainland Australia, so the peak summer in Tasmania lasts from December to February. The island also has some microclimates, such as a small rainforest. Tasmania is known for being one of the places with the cleanest air and best environmental quality.

It is important to note that Australia is located in the southern hemisphere, so the seasons are opposite to the European ones. For example, December, January and February are the summer months, while June, July and August represent winter.


Many languages are spoken in Australia, but English is the predominant official language and the most spoken language in the country. Here is some important information about the languages spoken in Australia:

  1. English: English is the official and dominant language in Australia. It is spoken by the vast majority of the population as a native or second language.
  2. Indigenous Languages: Australia has a rich diversity of indigenous languages spoken by Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples. These indigenous languages have different dialects and are an important part of the cultural identity of indigenous communities. Some of the best known indigenous languages are Warlpiri, Arrernte, Koori and Yolngu Matha.
  3. Other Languages: Due to the diversity of immigrants and the multicultural nature of Australia, many other languages are spoken besides English. These include Chinese, Italian, Greek, Arabic, Vietnamese, Spanish, Hindi and many more. These languages are often maintained by immigrant communities and used in families and communities.
  4. Australian Slang: Australia also has a unique slang known as “Strine”. This slang can sometimes be difficult for non-Australians to understand, but it is an important part of Australian culture and daily life.

School system of Australia

For emigrating to Australia with your family, the school system obviously plays a big role:

The school system in Australia is federally organized, which means that it is administered by the individual states and territories. However, there are some common features and structures found in all parts of Australia. Here is some basic information about the school system in Australia:

  1. Compulsory education: In Australia, education is compulsory for children of compulsory school age (usually between 6 and 16 years). Parents are required by law to ensure that their children attend school or receive an equivalent education.
  2. School Levels: The Australian school system is divided into different levels:
  • Early childhood: This includes kindergartens and preschools for children aged 3 to 5.
  • Elementary school: this is the first six years of schooling, usually for children between the ages of 6 and 12.
  • Secondary school: this is the next six years of education, usually for young people aged 12 to 18.
  • Tertiary education: This includes universities, TAFE (Technical and Further Education) and other post-secondary educational institutions.
  1. School System in the States: Although there are common features, the school system is administered independently by each state and territory in Australia. This means that there may be differences in curricula and school policies. However, compulsory education applies in all parts of the country.
  2. Uniforms: Many Australian schools have school uniforms that students must wear. These uniforms can vary by school, but they are usually quite formal.
  3. National education standards: Australia has introduced national educational standards for elementary school in the areas of reading, writing and arithmetic. These standards are designed to ensure that students are well-rounded in these foundational skills.
  4. Tertiary Education: Australia has a wide range of universities and TAFE institutions offering a variety of degree programs and professional qualifications. Higher education in Australia is internationally recognized, and the country attracts many international students.

Australia’s school system is designed to provide quality education for all students. It is closely monitored by states and territories to ensure that educational standards are met. Parents also have the option to educate their children in public or private schools or to homeschool as long as they meet the legal requirements.

Healthcare system

The health care system in Australia is known for its high quality and universality, meaning that most citizens and permanent residents have access to basic health services. Here are some important features and information about the Australian health care system:

  1. Medicare: The Australian health care system is primarily funded by the Medicare system, which is operated by the government. Medicare provides basic health care coverage, including doctor visits and hospital-provided services. Much of the cost of medical services is covered by Medicare.
  2. Private Health Insurance: Although Medicare covers basic care, many Australians also opt for private health insurance. This insurance may cover additional services, such as faster doctor appointments, choice of doctors and special medical procedures. However, private health insurance is optional and not mandatory.
  3. General Practitioners (GPs): Most Australians have a “family doctor” or general practitioner whom they see regularly. Most medical concerns begin with a GP, who makes referrals to specialists as appropriate.
  4. Hospitals: Australia has a network of public and private hospitals. Most medical emergencies and emergencies are treated in public hospitals funded by state and territory governments. Private hospitals offer an expanded range of services and are often popular for scheduled procedures.Private hospitals offer an expanded range of services and are often popular for scheduled procedures.
  5. Pharmaceuticals: The Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme (PBS) in Australia subsidizes a wide range of prescription drugs to reduce costs for patients. Patients typically pay only a portion of the full price for prescription drugs.
  6. Dental and vision care: Dental care and vision care are generally not part of Medicare. Most Australians have private insurance for these areas or pay the costs themselves.
  7. Health promotion: Australia has a strong health promotion culture and promotes healthy lifestyles and disease prevention.
  8. Indigenous Health: the health of Australia’s indigenous population is a major focus of the health system. There are special programs and facilities designed to meet the health needs of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people.
Ein Auszug aus der Tierwelt von Australien - der für dieses Land so typische Koalabär

Vaccinations and medical certificates

There are entry and vaccination requirements for emigrating to Australia, although most are only strong recommendations and not mandatory vaccinations. Here is some important information about vaccinations for emigrating to Australia:

  1. Visa types: Vaccination requirements may vary from visa to visa. Before you emigrate to Australia, you should select the visa most relevant to your immigration status and review the specific requirements.
  2. Standard Vaccinations: Australia normally expects immigrants to have certain standard vaccinations. These include vaccinations against measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (whooping cough). These vaccinations are widely available in Australia and are considered important for public health.
  3. Influenza Vaccination: Depending on the time of year and current health conditions, influenza vaccination may be required for certain immigration categories.
  4. Tuberculosis (TB): Some people who come from or have spent extended periods of time in countries with a high risk of TB may need to be screened for tuberculosis.
  5. Health Examination: The Australian Department of Home Affairs may require immigrants and long-term visitors to undergo a medical health examination to ensure that they do not pose any communicable diseases or health risks.

Tax system

The tax system in Australia is complex and subject to both the federal government and the individual states and territories. Here is some basic information about the tax system in Australia:

  1. Income tax: Income tax is the most important source of revenue for the Australian government. It is levied on the income of individuals and companies. Income tax rates are progressive, which means that people with higher incomes pay a higher tax rate. Income tax rates vary by income level and status.
  2. Goods and Services Tax (GST): The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is a consumption tax levied on most goods and services in Australia. The current GST rate is 10 percent. Some goods and services, such as basic foodstuffs and medical services, are exempt from GST.
  3. Corporate Tax: Corporations in Australia are also subject to income tax. Corporate tax rates can vary depending on company size and income. Lower tax rates apply to small businesses.
  4. Capital gains tax (CGT): Australia imposes a capital gains tax on gains from the sale of assets such as shares, real estate and company shares. The amount of CGT may depend on various factors, including the holding period of the asset.
  5. Wage tax: Wage tax is deducted by employers directly from employees’ salaries and wages and transferred to the tax office.
  6. Land tax: Land tax is paid by owners of real estate and varies according to the value of the land.
  7. State and Territorial Taxes: In addition to federal taxes, individual states and territories levy their own taxes, including stamp taxes, property acquisition fees, and special excise taxes.

Tax tricks

In Australia, there are several legal ways to save taxes. The Australian tax system offers various tax incentives and deductions that individuals and businesses can take advantage of. Here are some common ways to save taxes in Australia:

  1. Superannuation tax benefits: The Australian superannuation system offers tax benefits when you contribute to your superannuation account. Contributions are taxed at lower rates, and capital gains within the superannuation system are generally tax-free. However, there are contribution caps that must be observed.
  2. Investing in real estate: Investing in real estate can offer tax advantages. For example, interest on mortgage loans and depreciation of real estate costs can be claimed as tax deductions.
  3. Employee tax deductions: Employees can claim certain expenses as tax deductions, such as work-related expenses, union membership dues and work supplies.
  4. Tax-exempt allowances: in some cases, certain allowances and allowances, such as child allowances and home loan allowances, may be tax-exempt or provide tax benefits.
  5. Business tax planning: businesses can use a variety of legal tax planning strategies to minimize their tax burden. This includes taking advantage of write-off opportunities, choosing the right business structure and maximizing tax deductions.


Australia’s economy is one of the most stable and well-developed in the world. Here are some important features of the Australian economy:

  1. Natural resource wealth: Australia is rich in natural resources, especially minerals such as coal, iron ore, gold, bauxite and uranium. The mining industry plays a significant role in the Australian economy and contributes significantly to exports.
  2. Agriculture: Agriculture is an important industry in Australia and includes the production of wheat, beef, sheep, dairy products and wine. Australia exports agricultural products to many countries.
  3. Service sector: The service sector is a large and growing part of the Australian economy. It covers areas such as financial services, education, healthcare, tourism and information technology.
  4. Real Estate Market: The Australian real estate market is strong and has increased significantly in value in recent years. Demand for apartments and commercial property is high, especially in large cities such as Sydney and Melbourne.
  5. Trade and Exports: Australia is a major exporter of raw materials, agricultural products and services. China is one of Australia’s largest trading partners.
  6. Stable economy: Australia has had a stable economy with low inflation and low unemployment for decades. The government has also taken measures to stabilize the economy during global financial crises.
  7. Research and innovation: Australia is investing in research and innovation in areas such as renewable energy, biotechnology and space.
  8. Tourism: Tourism plays an important role in the Australian economy. The diversity of landscapes, wildlife and cultural attractions attract tourists from all over the world.

Prices by index

Even in a large economy like Australia’s, prices can change quickly. To keep you up to date, we refer you here to the Cost of Living website.

Real Estate

As an immigrant in Australia, you have the option to buy or rent real estate. Australia generally has no restrictions on foreign nationals purchasing real estate. Here is some important information about it:

  1. Real Estate Purchase: Foreign nationals are allowed to purchase real estate in Australia, including residential and investment property. However, there are certain rules and regulations that you should follow. For example, foreign buyers must obtain approval from the Foreign Investment Review Board (FIRB) if they wish to purchase residential real estate. Investment property can usually be purchased without a permit.
  2. Real Estate Rental: If you are staying in Australia temporarily, you have the option of renting a property. This is a common option for many immigrants as it can be more flexible, especially if you are just settling into Australia.
  3. Lease: Leases in Australia can vary in form, but they generally follow standard international practices. The lease term and monthly rent are usually specified in the lease agreement. You should review the lease carefully and make sure you understand the terms before you sign.
  4. Rental costs: The cost of rent can vary depending on the location and type of property. Rents tend to be higher in large cities like Sydney and Melbourne than in rural areas. Rental costs are often in weekly or monthly installments.
  5. Real Estate Market: The real estate market in Australia can be competitive, especially in metropolitan areas. It is advisable to search for suitable properties at an early stage and to find out about local rental conditions.
Company foundation

As an immigrant in Australia, you have the option of starting a business or acquiring an existing business. Australia has an open and entrepreneur-friendly business environment and encourages foreign investors and entrepreneurs to come and do business in the country. Here is some important information about starting a business in Australia:

  1. Company Registration: To incorporate a company in Australia, you must register it with the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC). This step includes selecting a company name, determining the company structure and submitting the required documents.
  2. Australian Business Number (ABN): You must apply for an ABN if you operate a business in Australia. The ABN is a unique number assigned to your company and used for tax purposes and business transactions.
  3. Visa: Your visa status may impact your ability to start or own a business in Australia. Certain visa categories, such as the Business Innovation and Investment (Provisional) Visa (subclass 188), have been developed specifically for foreign entrepreneurs.
  4. Business Regulation: In Australia, there are various laws and regulations that govern the formation and operation of businesses. You should familiarize yourself with these regulations and ensure that you meet all legal requirements.
  5. Tax and Finance: Business taxation in Australia can be complex. You should familiarize yourself with Australian tax laws and consult a tax advisor, if necessary, to ensure that you meet all required tax obligations and take advantage of available tax benefits.

Company forms

Immigrants in Australia have the opportunity to establish different types of businesses, depending on their business plans and needs. Here are some of the most common types of businesses that immigrants can start in Australia:

  1. Sole Proprietorship: A sole proprietorship is the simplest form of business. It is managed by a single person who is fully responsible for the management and financial obligations. Immigrants can easily start a sole proprietorship.
  2. Limited Liability Company or Pty Ltd: A Pty Ltd is one of the most popular business forms in Australia. It provides limited liability to the owners (shareholders) and is often chosen for medium and large companies. Immigrants can start Pty Ltd companies, but there are certain requirements and rules to follow.
  3. Partnership: A partnership is a business entity that is managed by two or more people. Each partner bears responsibility for the business and its profits and losses. Immigrants can enter into partnerships with Australian citizens or other immigrants.
  4. Trust: A trust is a legal structure in which assets or income are held for the benefit of others. Trusts are common in Australia and can be used by immigrants to hold assets or conduct business.
  5. Corporations (Incorporated Associations): This form is often used by non-profit organizations and associations. Immigrants can establish nonprofit organizations in Australia.
  6. Franchise: Immigrants can opt for a franchise opportunity, where they acquire the right to use an existing business model or brand.
  7. Branch of a foreign company: Immigrants can also open a branch or subsidiary of a foreign company in Australia.

For emigration to Australia, there are a variety of immigrant visas available for people who wish to immigrate to the country permanently. The appropriate visa category depends on several factors, including your qualifications, professional experience, family situation, and investment plans. Here are some of the most common visa categories for immigrants to Australia:

  1. Skilled Independent Visa (subclass 189): This visa is for skilled professionals who wish to work in Australia. It does not require sponsorship by an Australian employer or the Australian government. However, you must have certain qualifications and professional experience.
  2. Skilled Nominated Visa (subclass 190): Similar to the 189 visa, this visa requires a professional qualification and experience, but you must be nominated by an Australian state or territory.
  3. Employer Nomination Scheme (subclass 186): This visa allows employers to permanently employ foreign professionals in Australia. It requires sponsorship from an Australian employer.
  4. Business Innovation and Investment Visas (subclass 188 and 888): These visas are for entrepreneurs and investors who intend to do business or invest in Australia. There are several subclasses for these visas, including Investor Visa, Business Innovation Visa, and Entrepreneur Visa.
  5. Family Visa: Family members of Australian citizens or permanent residents can apply for family visas to settle in Australia. This includes partner and parent visas.
  6. Humanitarian Visa: This visa category is for refugees and people in need of humanitarian assistance.
  7. Student Visa: If you intend to study in Australia, you can apply for a student visa that will allow you to live and study in Australia.
  8. Working Holiday Visa: This visa category allows young people from certain countries to travel and work in Australia.
Security in the country

Australia is often considered one of the safest countries in the world. It has a stable political environment, a well-developed rule of law and a low crime rate by international standards. Here are some aspects that contribute to Australia’s security:

  1. Low crime rate: The crime rate in Australia is relatively low compared to many other countries. Violent crime is rare, and most cities and regions are safe for residents and visitors.
  2. Stable political environment: Australia has a stable democratic government and a functioning rule of law. Political unrest and conflict are extremely rare.
  3. Health care system: Australia has a high quality health care system that protects the health of the population. There is good medical care and access to health services.
  4. Natural environment: Natural disasters such as earthquakes are rare in Australia. While there are bushfires, droughts and floods, Australian authorities are well prepared for natural disasters and respond effectively.
  5. Low political tensions: Australia has a long history of political stability and is internationally known for its peaceful relations with other countries.
  6. Good infrastructure: The country has modern infrastructure, including roads, public transportation and communication systems.

It is important to note that Australia also has some natural hazards, including strong UV radiation, dangerous animals and extreme weather conditions. Proper awareness and precautions can help keep you safe living or traveling in Australia. Also, it is always useful to familiarize yourself with the official recommendations and warnings before emigrating, we refer here to the Foreign Office: Safety Information Australia.

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