Emigrate to Canada

⇒ Canada culture

⇒ Climate

⇒ Language

⇒ School system of Canada

⇒ Health care system

⇒ Vaccinations and medical certificates

⇒ Tax system

⇒ Economy

⇒ Prices by index

⇒ Real estate

⇒ Company foundation

⇒ Visa

⇒ Safety

Canada culture

The culture of Canada is diverse and shaped by various influences, including indigenous cultures, European colonization, and immigration from around the world. Here are some characteristics and elements that distinguish the culture of Canada:

  1. Multiculturalism: Canada prides itself on its multicultural identity. The country has a policy of multiculturalism that promotes the appreciation and protection of cultural diversity. This is reflected in the multitude of ethnicities, religions, languages and traditions found throughout the country.
  2. Indigenous Cultures: Canada’s indigenous peoples, including First Nations, Inuit and Métis, play a significant role in Canadian culture. Their cultural traditions, works of art, stories and customs are an integral part of the national heritage.
  3. Bilingual society: Canada is officially a bilingual country with English and French as official languages. This is reflected in the cultural diversity of the country.
  4. Culinary diversity: Due to its multicultural population, Canada offers a wide range of culinary delights. You can enjoy dishes from all over the world, including Chinese, Indian, Italian and Vietnamese cuisine.
  5. Arts and Culture: Canada has a thriving arts scene that includes painting, literature, film, music and theater. Artists such as Leonard Cohen, Joni Mitchell, Margaret Atwood and David Cronenberg are internationally known.
  6. Nature and outdoor activities: Canada’s natural beauty is central to its culture. Canadians appreciate nature and are passionate outdoor enthusiasts. Canada offers an impressive landscape with national parks, lakes and mountains.
  7. Field hockey: Hockey is the national sport of Canada and has a special place in Canadian culture. The NHL (National Hockey League) is the most important hockey league in the world, and hockey games attract a passionate following.
  8. Festivals and holidays: Canada celebrates various cultural festivals and holidays, including Canada Day (July 1), Thanksgiving and Christmas. Different ethno-cultural groups also celebrate their own festivals and events.
  9. Tolerance and inclusion: Canada is known for its tolerance and openness towards people of different backgrounds, religions and sexual orientations. Gender equality and the protection of human rights are at the core of Canadian values.

Canadian culture is characterized by diversity, tolerance and a strong connection to nature. It is appreciated and celebrated by people in Canada and around the world.

Die gewaltige Natur von Kanada

Climate

Canada covers an enormous geographical area and therefore has a variety of climatic zones. The climate in Canada varies greatly from region to region. Here is some general information about the climate in different parts of Canada:

  1. Atlantic Region (East): The Atlantic region, which includes provinces such as Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, and Prince Edward Island, has an oceanic climate. Winters are relatively mild, and summers are pleasant but humid. There is frequent rainfall.
  2. Central Canada (Ontario and Quebec): This region has a continental climate with cold, snowy winters and warm, humid summers. Temperatures can be very low in winter, while summers can be hot and humid.
  3. Prairies (Alberta, Manitoba, Saskatchewan): The Prairie Provinces have a dry continental climate with cold, snowy winters and dry, hot summers. Temperatures can be extremely low in winter.
  4. Rocky Mountains (West): The mountain regions in Alberta and British Columbia have an alpine climate. Winters are cold and snowy, while summers are mild. In the mountains it can snow all year round.
  5. West Coast (British Columbia): The West Coast region has a temperate oceanic climate with mild, rainy winters and warm, dry summers. There is precipitation all year round.
  6. North (Yukon, Northwest Territories, Nunavut): Northern Canada has an arctic or subarctic climate. Winters are extremely cold, and summers are short and cool. In some regions of the north there are months of darkness in winter and constant brightness in summer.
  7. Arctic (North Pole region): The Arctic in Canada has an icy polar or tundra climate. Temperatures are extremely low and the region is covered in ice and snow, even in summer.

Language

There are two official languages in Canada: English and French. These two languages have a long history in Canada and are integral to Canadian culture and identity. Here is some information about the languages in Canada:

  1. English: English is the most widely spoken language in Canada and is spoken by the majority of the population. In most provinces and territories, English is the predominant language and the language of business and government.
  2. French: French is the second official language of Canada and is spoken mainly in the province of Quebec and in some parts of New Brunswick, Ontario and Manitoba. French is the predominant language in Quebec, and the province has its own culture and identity.
  3. Bilingual Provinces: New Brunswick is the only officially bilingual province in Canada where both English and French enjoy official status. In some parts of Ontario and Manitoba, both languages are also spoken.
  4. Indigenous Languages: Canada is also home to a variety of indigenous languages spoken by the country’s indigenous peoples. These languages are an important part of Canada’s cultural diversity.
  5. Other languages: Due to the cultural diversity of the country, many other languages are spoken by immigrants and their descendants. In larger cities, multilingual communities are common, and you may hear many different languages.

School system of Canada

For emigrating to Canada with your family, the school system obviously plays a big role:

The school system in Canada varies by province or territory, as educational responsibility in Canada is at the federal level. Nevertheless, there are some general characteristics that apply to the education system in Canada:

  1. Educational sovereignty: Educational matters in Canada are divided between the provinces and territories. Each province or territory has its own education authorities and laws that set school policies and curricula.
  2. School levels: The school system in Canada is divided into different levels, which in most provinces and territories are as follows:
    • Kindergarten (mostly for 4- to 5-year-olds)
    • Elementary school (usually from 1st to 6th grade).
    • Middle school or junior high school (usually from 7th to 9th grade).
    • High school (usually from 10th to 12th grade).
  3. Compulsory Education: Compulsory education in Canada varies by province or territory, but is usually between the ages of 6 and 18.
  4. Curricula: Curricula in Canada are developed by the provinces and territories. They are tailored to the needs and requirements of each region and may vary in content.
  5. Languages: The school system in Canada typically offers schooling in English or French, depending on the province or territory. In Quebec, teaching is mainly in French.
  6. Higher Education: Canada has a highly developed higher education system, including universities and colleges. Canadian universities enjoy an international reputation, and the country attracts many international students.
  7. Indigenous Education: Because of the importance of Indigenous cultures in Canada, many school systems have programs to promote Indigenous education and culture.
  8. Inclusion: Canada values inclusive education and strives to integrate students with diverse needs into the regular school system.
  9. Education funding: Most education funding comes from public funds, and access to education is generally free.

Healthcare system

The health care system in Canada is a publicly funded system known as Medicare. It ensures Canadian citizens and legal residents have access to health care and covers a wide range of medical services. Here are some important features of the Canadian health care system:

  1. Universality: Canada’s health care system is universal, meaning that all Canadian citizens and legal residents are eligible for health care, regardless of their income or employment status.
  2. Public funding: the health system is largely financed by public funds provided by the provinces and territories. Funding is provided by income taxes and other government revenue sources.
  3. Provincial and territorial responsibility: health care is managed and regulated by individual provinces and territories. Each province or territory is responsible for organizing and providing health services in its area.
  4. Medical care: Medical services, including doctor visits and surgeries, are usually covered by the public health system. Most Canadian citizens have a primary care physician who coordinates medical care.
  5. Hospitals: Hospitalization and medical treatment in hospitals are free of charge for patients. The costs are covered by the government.
  6. Prescription Drugs: Prescription drug coverage varies by province or territory. In some regions, there is a separate insurance system that facilitates access to medicines.
  7. Dentistry and ophthalmology: Dentistry and ophthalmology are generally not included in the public health care system. Many people have private insurance to cover these services.
  8. Wait Times: Although the Canadian healthcare system offers comprehensive care, some regions may experience wait times for non-urgent medical treatments.
  9. Private health services: While the public health care system covers basic care, people in Canada have the option of using private health care services if they want additional services or shorter wait times.
  10. Health Cards: Canadian citizens and residents must have a health card in order to receive services from the public health care system. Private health services: While the public health care system covers basic care, people in Canada have the option of using private health care services if they want additional services or shorter wait times.
Ein Auszug aus der Tierwelt Kanadas

Vaccinations and medical certificates

No vaccinations are mandatory for emigration to Canada. However, Canada has certain health surveillance requirements for immigrants and refugees to ensure public health and safety. This usually includes medical examinations and recommended vaccinations:

  1. Tuberculosis (TB) screening: immigrants and refugees, especially those from countries with a high prevalence of tuberculosis, are usually screened for tuberculosis. This may include an X-ray of the lungs or a tuberculin test (Mantoux test).
  2. Recommended Vaccinations: Immigrants should ensure that they are immunized against certain vaccine-preventable diseases, including measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (whooping cough). It is recommended that you keep your vaccinations up to date before moving to Canada.
  3. Health Examination: Immigrants are usually required to complete a medical examination conducted by a Canadian government-approved physician or clinic. This examination usually includes a physical examination, blood tests, and specific tests for diseases such as syphilis or HIV/AIDS, if appropriate.

The exact requirements may vary depending on the type of immigration status, country of origin, and individual circumstances. Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) provides clear guidelines and requirements. Before you emigrate to Canada, you should contact the IRCC or visit the official website to check the current requirements and ensure that you complete the required health examinations and vaccinations in a timely manner. We refer here to the official website of the IRCC.

Tax system

The tax system in Canada is complex and consists of various taxes at the federal, provincial and territorial levels. Here are some of the key features of the Canadian tax system:

  1. Income tax: Canada levies income taxes at the federal, provincial and territorial levels. The federal government collects the federal income tax, while the individual provinces and territories collect their own income taxes. Tax rates vary depending on your income and where you live. Canada uses a progressive tax system in which higher incomes pay higher tax rates.
  2. Goods and Services Tax (GST) / Harmonized Sales Tax (HST): Canada imposes a value-added tax known as GST. In some provinces, the GST is combined with the provincial sales tax to form the HST. The GST/HST is applied to most goods and services.
  3. Corporate Taxes: Businesses in Canada must pay federal and provincial or territorial corporate taxes. Tax rates vary depending on company profits and location.
  4. Excise taxes: Canada also imposes excise taxes on alcoholic beverages, tobacco products, gasoline and other products. Tax rates vary by product and province or territory.
  5. Property taxes: The taxation of real property is the responsibility of the provinces and territories. Property taxes vary depending on the location and the value of the property.
  6. Inheritance and gift taxes: Some provinces impose inheritance and gift taxes on estates or gifts. Tax rates and allowances vary from province to province.
  7. Social security contributions: Canada has a social security system that is financed by employees and employers. Contributions are used to fund pensions, health benefits, and other social services.
  8. Double taxation treaties: Canada has entered into double taxation treaties with many countries to prevent income from being taxed twice when it flows between Canada and another country.

The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) is responsible for the administration and enforcement of tax laws in Canada. Tax season in Canada typically ends on April 30, and most Canadian citizens and residents must file their income tax returns by that date.

Tax tricks

In Canada, there are legal ways to save on taxes. The Canadian tax system offers various tax breaks, deductions and incentives that individuals and businesses can take advantage of to reduce their tax burden. Here are some common ways you can save on taxes in Canada:

  1. Registered Retirement Plans (RRSPs): RRSPs are tax-advantaged accounts that allow Canadians to save money for retirement while reducing their tax burden. Contributions to an RRSP are tax deductible, and investments in an RRSP grow tax-free until withdrawn.
  2. Tax-Free Savings Accounts (TFSAs): TFSAs are accounts that allow Canadians to save or invest money without incurring taxes on the income earned. Contributions to a TFSA are after-tax, but the profits are tax-free.
  3. Education expenses: The cost of children’s education or professional development may be tax deductible in Canada. This includes things like school fees and books.
  4. Mortgage and Homeownership Allowance: Canada offers tax incentives for homeowners, including the ability to deduct interest on mortgage loans and grants for the purchase of a home.
  5. Childcare costs: Parents can claim childcare costs as a deduction to reduce their tax burden.
  6. Business Expenses: Businesses can deduct various business expenses to reduce their taxable profits. These include operating costs, depreciation and amortization, and investments in specific technologies.
  7. Capital Gains: Capital gains in Canada are taxed at a more favorable rate than regular income. This can be a way to save on taxes when you invest.
  8. Asset Transfer and Estate Planning: Through smart estate planning, you can ensure that your assets are transferred to your heirs in a tax-efficient manner.
  9. Consult a tax expert: Tax laws in Canada can be complex, and a professional tax advisor can help you develop the best strategies to minimize your tax burden.

Economy

The Canadian economy is one of the largest and most developed economies in the world. Here are some important features and facts about Canada’s economy:

  1. Diverse economy: Canada’s economy is extremely diverse and encompasses various sectors, including raw materials, manufacturing, services and technology. The main sectors of the economy are mining, oil and gas extraction, manufacturing, financial services, healthcare and information technology.
  2. Natural resource wealth: Canada is rich in natural resources, including oil, natural gas, minerals, timber and water. The mining and extractive industries play a significant role in the Canadian economy and contribute significantly to exports.
  3. Trade Oriented: Canada is a highly export-oriented country and has close trade relations with the United States and other countries around the world. Trade plays a key role in the economy and contributes significantly to gross domestic product (GDP).
  4. Banking and Finance: Canada has a stable banking system and a well-developed financial services sector. Toronto, the largest city in Canada, is an important financial center.
  5. High quality of life: Canada has a high quality of life and a well-developed social system that includes health care, education and social services.
  6. Labor market: The labor market in Canada is competitive, and the country attracts many highly qualified professionals from around the world. The unemployment rate is generally low.
  7. Technology and innovation: Canada is a center for innovation and technology. Cities like Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal are known for their thriving tech industries and startup culture.
  8. Sustainable development: Canada emphasizes environmental protection and sustainability. The promotion of renewable energies and environmental protection measures are important aspects of Canadian economic policy.
  9. Regional differences: The Canadian economy varies from region to region. Provinces such as Alberta are heavily dependent on the energy sector, while Ontario has a strong manufacturing industry. The Atlantic provinces have a variety of industries, including fishing and tourism.
  10. International Trade Agreements: Canada has several trade agreements with other countries and regions, including the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with the European Union and the United States-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) with the United States and Mexico.

The Canadian economy is generally stable and offers a wide range of opportunities for companies and professionals.

Gut informiert sein beim Auswandern nach Kanada durch Frequenza

Prices by index

Since prices can change quickly even in a large and developed economy such as Canada’s and vary greatly by province and city, we refer here to the Cost of Living website. On this website, the information is updated so that you are always up to date.

Real Estate

As an immigrant in Canada, you have the option to buy or rent real estate depending on your individual needs and financial capabilities. Canada has a well-developed real estate market that allows both locals and immigrants to buy or rent property. Here is some information on this topic:

  1. Purchase of real estate:
  • As an immigrant, you can buy unrestricted real estate in Canada, such as houses, apartments or land. There are usually no special restrictions for foreign buyers.
  • Before you buy a property, however, you should research the Canadian real estate market, consider local property valuations and mortgage rates.
  • Financing for the property purchase can be arranged through Canadian banks or lenders, although you will usually need a permanent residence in Canada or a substantial down payment.
  1. Real Estate Rentals:
  • As an immigrant, you have the option of renting an apartment or house in Canada. This can be a practical option if you don’t want to invest in the real estate market initially, or if you want to settle in Canada and explore your options.
  • The rental market in Canada is diverse and offers a wide range of rental housing, from one-bedroom apartments to single-family homes.

Rental conditions, rental prices and requirements may vary by region. Rents are often higher in large cities like Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal than in smaller communities.

We will be happy to help you find an apartment or a house. Click here for our real estate listings.

Company foundation

As an immigrant in Canada, you have the right to start a business and operate a business. Canada welcomes entrepreneurs and investors from around the world and has created various programs and opportunities to encourage business creation and operation. Here is some important information about starting a business in Canada as an immigrant:

  1. Entrepreneurial Immigration Programs: Canada offers special immigration programs for entrepreneurs and investors who intend to start or expand a business in Canada. These programs may vary by province or territory and may have specific investment and job requirements.
  2. Business structure selection: Before you start your business, you need to select the appropriate business structure. In Canada, options include sole proprietorships, partnerships, limited liability companies (LLCs) and corporations. The choice of structure depends on your goals, liability and other factors.
  3. Business registration: You must register your business with the relevant authorities in the province or territory where you wish to establish your business. This may include registering the company name, obtaining a company number, and filing the required paperwork. If you want advice and establishment of LLP, then we can recommend a competent company.
  4. Business Plan: A business plan is often a requirement to receive support through immigration programs for entrepreneurs. A comprehensive business plan should include information about your business model, financing, goals, and market environment.
  5. Work Permit: As an entrepreneur running your own business in Canada, you will usually need a work permit or visa that allows you to work in Canada. This may vary depending on the program.
  6. Support from economic development agencies: There are several economic development agencies in Canada at the federal, provincial and municipal levels that can provide support and resources to entrepreneurs.

Company forms

Immigrants in Canada have the option to start different types of businesses, depending on their business goals and needs. Here are some of the most common types of businesses available to immigrants in Canada:

  1. Sole Proprietorship: This is the simplest form of a business where you are the sole owner and operator of the business. You have full control over your business, but you are also personally responsible for debts and liabilities. Registration is often straightforward.
  2. Partnership (Partnership): A partnership is a form of business in which two or more people (partners) work together to run a business. There are different types of partnerships, including general partnerships and limited partnerships. Partners share profits and losses, and they may have different roles in the business.
  3. Limited Liability Partnership (LLP): An LLP is a partnership in which the partners have limited liability for the debts and liabilities of the business. This provides some protection for the partners’ personal assets.
  4. Limited Liability Company (LLC): An LLC is a separate legal entity where the owners (members) have limited liability for the debts and liabilities of the business. The LLC structure combines features of partnerships and corporations.
  5. Stock corporation (Corporation): A corporation is a separate legal entity controlled by shareholders. Shareholders have limited liability and profits are shared. This is a complex form of business that requires more in-depth registration and compliance.
  6. Cooperative (Cooperative): A cooperative is a form of business in which members jointly own and operate a business. Cooperatives are often found in community or agricultural sectors.
  7. Non-Profit Organization (NPO): Immigrants may also establish non-profit organizations to pursue charitable or social goals. These organizations are designed to serve the community and use profits for charitable purposes.
Visa

For emigration to Canada, there are a variety of immigrant visas and programs to allow immigrants to move to and live in the country. The appropriate visa category depends on your personal circumstances, qualifications and goals. Here are some of the most common visa categories for emigration to Canada:

  1. Express Entry System: The Express Entry System is a points system that facilitates the immigration of skilled workers. It includes the following main programs:
    • Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSW): For highly skilled professionals with on-the-job experience.
    • Canadian Experience Class (CEC): For people who have already worked or studied in Canada.
    • Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP): for skilled trades and skilled trades occupations.
    • Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP): Various provinces and territories in Canada have their own immigrant nominee programs. If you are selected by a province or territory, you will receive an invitation to immigrate.
  2. Family Reunification: Canada offers family reunification visa programs that allow Canadian citizens and permanent residents to bring their family members to Canada.
  3. Work Visa: If you have or get a job in Canada, you can apply for a work visa. These include the Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP) and the International Mobility Program (IMP).
  4. Study Visas: A study visa allows foreign students to study in Canada. Many students use this opportunity as a stepping stone to permanent immigration.
  5. Investors and Entrepreneurs: Canada has programs for investors and entrepreneurs who want to invest or start a business in the country. These include the Immigrant Investor Program and the Start-up Visa Program.
  6. Asylum and refugee status: Canada provides protection for people fleeing persecution or seeking asylum. The Asylum and Refugee Program provides protection for persons in need of protection.
  7. Retirees: Some provinces, such as British Columbia and Quebec, have visa programs that specifically target retirees who want to settle in Canada.
  8. Caregivers and domestic workers: Immigrants who wish to work as caregivers or domestic workers can take advantage of special visa programs.
Security in the country

Canada is often considered one of the safest countries in the world. Security in Canada extends to various aspects of daily life, including personal safety, public health, political stability and low crime rates. Here are some reasons why Canada is considered safe:

  1. Low crime rate: Canada generally has low crime rates compared to many other countries. Violence and crime rates are low, especially in smaller communities and rural areas.
  2. Stable political conditions: Canada is a stable democracy with a well-established legal system. Political unrest and unstable governments are rare.
  3. Health care system: Canada has a highly developed health care system that is accessible to all residents. Health care is of high quality and contributes to the safety of citizens.
  4. Natural Disasters: Canada is less vulnerable to natural disasters such as earthquakes, hurricanes and tsunamis compared to some other countries. This contributes to the safety of the population.
  5. Social security: Canada has a comprehensive social security system that provides support for unemployment, illness, disability and old age. This contributes to the social security of the residents.
  6. Multiculturalism and tolerance: Canada is known for its diversity and multiculturalism. Tolerance and acceptance of different cultures and lifestyles are widespread in Canadian society.
  7. Police and legal system: Canada has a well-trained police force and a functioning legal system that protects the rights of citizens and effectively carries out law enforcement.
  8. Low corruption: Canada is regularly ranked as one of the least corrupt countries in the world.
  9. It is nevertheless advisable to take a look at the official information and warnings, we refer here to the safety advice of the Foreign Office: Safety advice Canada.

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