Emigrate to Ukraine

⇒ Ukraine culture

⇒ Climate

⇒ Language

⇒ School system of Ukraine

⇒ Health care system

⇒ Vaccinations and medical certificates

⇒ Tax system

⇒ Economy

⇒ Prices by index

⇒ Real estate

⇒ Company foundation

⇒ Visa

⇒ Safety

Ukraine culture

Ukrainian culture is rich and diverse, characterized by a long history, a diverse ethnic composition and various cultural influences. Here are some important features of Ukrainian culture:

  1. Language: The Ukrainian language is a central element of the culture. It has a Slavic origin and is closely related to other Slavic languages such as Russian and Polish.
  2. Folk Art: Ukraine is known for its folk art, including painting, embroidery, pottery and woodcarving. These traditional art forms are often decorated with religious symbols and regional motifs.
  3. Religion: The Orthodox Church has played an important role in Ukrainian culture, and the country has a long religious tradition. Besides Christianity, there are other religious minorities in Ukraine.
  4. Festivals and holidays: Ukraine celebrates a variety of traditional festivals and holidays, often associated with religious or historical events. These include Christmas, Easter, the Orthodox New Year and various regional celebrations.
  5. Gastronomy: Ukrainian cuisine is hearty and varied. Traditional dishes such as borscht (a soup made from beets), vareniki (dumplings) and salo (smoked bacon) are popular. Food plays an important role in Ukrainian culture and is often associated with community and tradition.
  6. Music and dance: Music and dance are important forms of expression in Ukrainian culture. Folk instruments such as the bandura are often used. Traditional dances such as hopak are widespread in Ukrainian culture.
  7. Literature and Art: Ukraine has a rich literary history dating back to the 9th century. Writers like Taras Shevchenko are important figures of Ukrainian literature. Ukrainian art, including painting, sculpture and architecture, also has a significant place in culture.
  8. Languages and Influences: Ukraine has historically absorbed various cultural influences due to its geographic location. There are also regional differences in culture resulting from different ethnic and historical backgrounds.
  9. National pride: Ukraine has experienced various political and social changes in recent history, which has led to a strong national consciousness and a sense of national pride.

Ukrainian culture is complex and deeply rooted in the country’s history. It reflects the identity and wealth of the Ukrainian people.

Ukraine mit seiner imponierenden Landschaft

Climate

The climate in Ukraine varies depending on the geographical location and region. The country covers a large area from north to south and from west to east, resulting in different climatic zones. In general, the climate in Ukraine can be divided into two main regions:

  1. Temperate continental climate: This zone covers most of the country and includes cities such as Kiev, Kharkiv and Dnipropetrovsk. Summers are usually warm to hot, with average temperatures ranging from 20°C to 25°C. Winters are cold and snowy, with temperatures often below freezing. The annual temperature fluctuations are quite pronounced here.
  2. Moderate continental transitional climate: this zone is located in the western part of Ukraine and includes cities such as Lviv and Ternopil. Summers here are slightly cooler than in the temperate continental zone, while winters are still cold.

It is important to note that Ukraine has different microclimates due to its size and geographical diversity. In the mountainous regions of the Carpathians, the climate can vary greatly and differ from the climatic conditions at lower altitudes.

The seasons are well pronounced in Ukraine, with spring, summer, autumn and winter showing significant differences in temperature and precipitation. Choosing the best time to travel depends heavily on personal preferences. Summer is a popular time for tourists to visit Ukraine, as temperatures are pleasant and there are many cultural events and festivals. Winter attracts travelers to the Carpathians for skiing and snowboarding.

Language

Several languages are spoken in Ukraine, with Ukrainian being the official language and the most widely spoken language in the country. Here are some of the main languages spoken in Ukraine:

  1. Ukrainian: Ukrainian is the official language of the country and is spoken by the majority of the population. It is a Slavic language and has many similarities with other Slavic languages such as Russian and Polish.
  2. Russian: Russian is also widely spoken and used as an everyday language by many people, especially in urban areas and in the east of the country. Russian is more commonly used in some regions, particularly Crimea and parts of eastern Ukraine.
  3. Minority languages: There are also other languages spoken by ethnic minorities in Ukraine. These include Romanian, Hungarian, Polish, Bulgarian and others. These languages are spoken in the regions where these minorities reside.

It is important to note that the language situation in Ukraine can be politically sensitive, especially in the context of Ukrainian-Russian relations. The issue of language has a certain importance in Ukrainian politics and society and can lead to debates and tensions.

School system of Ukraine

For emigrating to Ukraine with the family, the school system there is very important:

The school system in Ukraine is structured similarly to many other countries and is divided into different levels of education. Here are the basic aspects of the school system in Ukraine:

  1. Elementary School: Elementary education in Ukraine lasts 4 years and is intended for children aged 6 to 10. Basic subjects such as mathematics, language, science, art and music are taught here.
  2. Secondary School: Secondary education in Ukraine lasts 5 years and is intended for children aged 10 to 15. The curriculum covers a broader range of subjects, including literature, history, geography, foreign languages, science and more.
  3. Higher Education Preparation (Senior Secondary School): This section lasts 2 years and prepares students for higher education. Students can specialize in specific subjects and prepare for the national college admissions exam.
  4. Higher education: Higher education in Ukraine is divided between bachelor’s and master’s degree programs. Universities and colleges offer a wide range of degree programs, including humanities, sciences, engineering, medicine and more.

The education system in Ukraine has a strong academic orientation, and the completion of a university degree is highly valued. There are also technical schools, vocational schools, and other vocational educational institutions that provide hands-on training.

Healthcare system

The healthcare system in Ukraine has undergone various changes in recent years and is still in the process of reform. Here is some important information about the healthcare system in Ukraine:

  1. Health care: Medical care in Ukraine is organized as public and private. Public health care is provided by state hospitals, clinics, and medical centers. Private health care facilities also provide services, but often charge for them.
  2. Healthcare: Healthcare is free for Ukrainian citizens, but there can be waiting lists and shortages at public facilities. Private health care services usually require direct payment.
  3. Health care reform: In recent years, the Ukrainian government has taken steps to reform the health care system. One important reform was the introduction of a “health insurance fund” to improve the financing and provision of health services.
  4. Doctors and medical staff: Ukraine has qualified medical professionals, including doctors, nurses and medical staff. However, some rural areas may lack sufficient medical personnel.
  5. Pharmaceutical Supply: Pharmacies are widely available and offer a wide range of prescription and over-the-counter medications.
  6. Health care: The health care system in Ukraine emphasizes the importance of health care and prevention. Immunizations and health checks are important public health maintenance activities.
Ein Auszug der Tierwelt in der Ukraine

Vaccinations and medical certificates

Certain vaccinations and medical certificates are required for emigration to Ukraine as a German.

As a rule, the following vaccinations are recommended or mandatory for entry into Ukraine:

  1. Hepatitis A and B: These vaccinations are often recommended because they protect against infections that can be transmitted through contaminated water or food.
  2. Tetanus, diphtheria and polio: These vaccinations should be up to date as they are recommended by default.
  3. Measles, mumps and rubella (MMR): MMR vaccination is recommended as measles may occur in some regions of Ukraine.
  4. Influenza: Depending on the season, flu vaccination may be recommended.

In addition to vaccinations, the Ukrainian government may require medical evidence or health certificates to ensure that immigrants do not bring in contagious diseases.

Tax system

The tax system in Ukraine is subject to various laws and regulations, both federal and regional. Here is some basic information about the tax system in Ukraine:

  1. Income tax: Income tax in Ukraine is currently 18%. There is a progressive tax rate for income above a certain amount.
  2. Value Added Tax (VAT): Value added tax in Ukraine is 20%. However, there are also reduced tax rates of 7% and 0% for certain goods and services.
  3. Corporate tax: Corporate tax in Ukraine is also 18%. However, companies can benefit from tax incentives in certain cases.
  4. Social security contributions: Employers and employees pay social security contributions, which are used to finance social benefits. These levies vary depending on income and other factors.
  5. Capital gains tax: Capital gains such as interest, dividends and capital gains are taxable and subject to capital gains tax.
  6. Property tax: Property owners pay property tax, which is calculated according to the location and value of the property.
  7. Withholding tax: Payments to non-resident individuals may be subject to withholding taxes, which are levied on certain types of income.
  8. Tax incentives: Ukraine offers various tax incentives for investors and companies to promote economic development. These incentives can range from tax exemptions to reduced tax rates.

Tax tricks

There are several legal ways to save taxes in Ukraine, especially for companies and investors. Here are some possibilities:

  1. Tax incentives for investment: The Ukrainian government offers tax incentives to attract foreign investment. These incentives may include tax exemptions, reduced tax rates, or other benefits for specific industries or regions.
  2. Special economic zones: Ukraine has established special economic zones where companies can enjoy certain tax benefits. This may include exemption from VAT or other taxes.
  3. Promoting research and development: Companies that invest in research and development can benefit from tax relief to encourage innovation.
  4. Double taxation agreements: Ukraine has concluded double taxation agreements with many countries to prevent income from being taxed twice. These agreements can help reduce the tax burden.
  5. Tax loss carryforwards: Companies can offset losses from previous years against profits in future years to reduce their tax burden.
  6. Use of depreciation: Companies can claim investments in plant and equipment for tax purposes through depreciation in order to reduce their tax burden.
  7. Tax exemption for exports: Export-oriented companies can benefit from tax exemptions or reductions for their export activities under certain conditions.

Economy

Ukraine’s economy is a mixed and transitional one. It has experienced various challenges in recent decades, including political instability, economic inequality and corruption. Here are some important aspects of the Ukrainian economy:

  1. Industries: The Ukrainian economy is diverse and includes various sectors such as agriculture, industry, services, mining and energy. Historically, Ukraine was a major producer of agricultural products and raw materials such as steel, coal and natural gas.
  2. Agriculture: Ukraine has a rich agricultural tradition and is one of the largest grain exporters in the world. The country produces cereals, oilseeds, sugar, vegetables and other agricultural products.
  3. Industry: Industry in Ukraine includes sectors such as steel production, machine building, chemicals, food processing and more. The steel industry is of particular importance and accounts for a large share of the country’s exports.
  4. Energy: Ukraine is heavily dependent on energy imports, especially natural gas. This has led to energy insecurity and political tensions in the past. However, the country is making efforts to diversify and expand renewable energy.
  5. Investment: Due to political uncertainty, corruption, and bureaucratic obstacles, foreign investment in Ukraine has wavered in the past. The government has made efforts to improve the investment climate, but there is still room for progress.
  6. Challenges: The Ukrainian economy faces several challenges, including high unemployment, economic inequality, corruption, inefficient bureaucracy, and geopolitical tensions.
  7. Trade: Ukraine has trade agreements with several countries, including the European Union. Trade with Russia has been limited due to political tensions, but Ukraine has made efforts to strengthen trade ties with other countries.
Wenn Sie in die Ukraine auswandern möchten erhalten Sie hier Informationen

Prices by index

Since prices can change constantly even in a mixed economy like Ukraine’s, we refer here to the Cost of Living website. This constantly updates its values and thus keeps you up to date.

Real Estate

As an immigrant you can buy or rent real estate in Ukraine. Ukrainian legislation allows foreign citizens to purchase and own real estate in the country. Here is some important information about it:

Real estate purchase:

  • Foreign citizens have the right to purchase land plots, apartments, houses and other real estate in Ukraine.
  • The real estate purchase process in Ukraine typically includes the signing of a purchase agreement, transfer of ownership rights and registration in the land register.
  • It is advisable to consult an attorney or real estate expert to ensure that the purchase process is done properly and all legal requirements are met.

Real estate rent:

  • Foreign citizens can rent apartments or houses in Ukraine.
  • The rental market in Ukraine is diverse and there are different rental prices depending on the location, size and quality of the property.
  • When renting a property, it is advisable to enter into a written lease agreement that specifies the terms of the lease, the rental rate, and other important details.
Company foundation

As an immigrant you can start a business in Ukraine. The Ukrainian government has made it easier for foreign investors and businessmen to set up businesses. Here is some important information about it:

Steps to starting a business:

  1. Business Plan: Start by developing a business plan that outlines your business idea, target audience, products or services, and market strategy.
  2. Choose legal form: You can establish different types of companies in Ukraine, including Limited Liability Companies (LLC), Joint Stock Companies (JSC) and more.
  3. Register company name: Make sure that the company name you choose is available and complies with Ukrainian registration requirements.
  4. Register with the business registry: register your company with the relevant authorities and obtain a business identification number.
  5. Taxes and accounting: Find out about tax obligations and accounting regulations in Ukraine. You must register your business with the tax authorities and file regular tax returns.
  6. Open a bank account: Open a bank account for your business to handle financial transactions.
  7. Work Permits and Visas: Depending on your role in the company, you may need a work permit or visa to work and live in Ukraine.

Company forms

In Ukraine, immigrants can establish various forms of enterprises. Here are some of the most common options:

  1. Limited Liability Company (LLC): An LLC is one of the most popular forms of business in Ukraine. It provides limited liability for the shareholders and requires at least one shareholder. There is no minimum capital requirement for the formation of an LLC.
  2. Joint Stock Company (JSC): A JSC is a corporation that raises capital by selling shares to investors. There are two types of JSCs in Ukraine: open and closed. An open JSC may trade its shares on the stock exchange.
  3. Representative Office: A representative office is a non-independent branch of a foreign company in Ukraine. Its purpose is to support business activities in the country, but it has no legal personality of its own.
  4. Branch Office: A branch office is another way for foreign companies to operate in Ukraine. A branch office has more independence than a representative office and can conduct business independently.
  5. Individual Entrepreneur: Individuals can also operate as sole proprietors in Ukraine. This option is suitable for smaller stores and services.
  6. Limited partnership (LP): In a limited partnership, at least one partner has unlimited liability and one or more partners have limited liability for the company’s obligations.
Visa

Ukraine offers different types of visas for immigrants and long-term stays, depending on the purpose of your stay. Here are some of the common visa types:

  1. Work Visa: This visa is issued for foreign citizens who wish to work in Ukraine. It usually requires a job commitment from a Ukrainian employer and may vary depending on the length of the contract.
  2. Entrepreneur Visa: If you plan to start or manage a business in Ukraine, you can apply for an entrepreneur visa. For this, you usually need to submit business plans and financial documents.
  3. Investor Visa: If you want to invest in Ukraine, you can apply for an investor visa. This requires a certain minimum investment in Ukrainian projects or companies.
  4. Study Visa: Study visa is available for foreign students who wish to study in Ukraine. It usually requires accreditation from a Ukrainian educational institution.
  5. Family reunification: If you are married to a Ukrainian citizen or have a closer family relationship, you can apply for a family reunification visa.
  6. Long-term visa for cultural and educational purposes: This visa is issued for cultural or educational purposes, such as artistic performances, cultural exchange programs or scientific research.
  7. Permanent Residence Visa: This visa allows foreign citizens to settle permanently in Ukraine. It usually requires a lengthy prior legal stay in the country.
Security in the country

Security in Ukraine may vary depending on the region and political situation. In recent years, Ukraine has experienced political turmoil and conflict, especially in the east of the country. These conflicts have led to unstable situations that have affected security in some areas.

In general, western Ukraine is considered safer and more stable compared to the east of the country. Kiev, the capital, as well as many other urban areas are considered safe for tourists and expatriates.

It is advisable to take into account the official safety instructions, we recommend the information of the German Foreign Office: Sicherheitshinweise Ukraine.

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