Emigrate to the UK

⇒ UK culture

⇒ Climate

⇒ Language

⇒ UK school system

⇒ Health care system

⇒ Vaccinations and medical certificates

⇒ Tax system

⇒ Economy

⇒ Prices by index

⇒ Real estate

⇒ Company foundation

⇒ Visa

⇒ Safety

UK culture

The culture of the United Kingdom (UK) is extremely diverse and rich, shaped by a long history, diverse regions and ethnic influences. Here are some characteristics that characterize UK culture:

  1. Historical Heritage: The UK has a rich history spanning centuries. Historical buildings, monuments, castles and museums are widespread and tell the stories of times gone by.
  2. Multiculturalism: The UK is a melting pot of different cultures as it has long been a colonial empire and has also seen immigration from many parts of the world. This diversity is reflected in the cuisine, the art, the music and the way of life.
  3. Literature and Arts: The UK has an impressive literary history, from Shakespeare to contemporary authors such as J.K. Rowling. British art, including painting, sculpture, theater and film, has also gained international recognition.
  4. Music: The UK has produced an outstanding music scene, ranging from classical music to rock, pop, electronic music and more. Bands and artists like The Beatles, Queen, Adele, Ed Sheeran and many others have found success around the world.
  5. Sport: Sport plays an important part in British life. Football, cricket, rugby and tennis are particularly popular. The UK also has some of the most famous sporting events in the world, such as Wimbledon and Premier League football.
  6. Royal heritage: The British monarchy and nobility are important parts of culture. Events such as royal weddings and anniversaries are of great importance.
  7. Humour: British humor is known for its diversity, from dry sarcasm to slapstick comedy. Monty Python and other comedy icons have shaped the British humor tradition.
  8. Tea Culture: The tradition of drinking tea has a long history in the UK and is an important social act.
  9. Language: The English language originated in the UK and is one of the most widely spoken languages in the world.
  10. Traditions: The UK has many traditional festivals and customs such as Guy Fawkes Night, Hogmanay (New Year’s Eve celebrations in Scotland) and horse racing at Ascot racecourse.

These features are just a small glimpse into the diverse and rich culture of the United Kingdom. Each region within the UK has its own unique characteristics and traditions, resulting in a fascinating and diverse overall culture.

Das Vereinigte Königreich ist ein Land voller Herausforderungen

Climate

Due to its geographical location, the climate in the United Kingdom (UK) is maritime and can be quite changeable. Here are the basic climate characteristics in the different seasons:

  1. Spring (March to May): Spring in the UK is often mild but also changeable. The temperatures are slowly rising and nature is awakening with blooming flowers and trees.
  2. Summer (June to August): Summers in the UK are relatively mild and pleasant. Average temperatures are usually between 15°C and 25°C, although higher temperatures can be found in southern England. However, rain showers are also possible in summer.
  3. Autumn (September to November): Autumn is often damp and mild. The leaves of the trees change color and the landscape becomes colourful. Rain is common, but temperatures are generally still quite comfortable.
  4. Winter (December to February): UK winters are cool to cold with temperatures typically ranging from 0°C to 8°C. Snow is rare in most parts of the country except in the higher elevations of Scotland. Winters are often gray and rainy.

The UK is known for its changeable weather, which can vary from region to region. In Scotland and Northern Ireland the climate is often cooler and wetter than in southern England.

Language

Several languages are spoken in the United Kingdom (UK), with English being the predominant and official language. Here are some of the main languages spoken in the UK:

  1. English: English is the dominant language in the UK and spoken by the vast majority of the population. It is the official language and the language of education, government, business and media.
  2. Welsh: Welsh is a Celtic language spoken primarily in Wales. It has official status in Wales and road signs, government documents and educational content are often available in both languages.
  3. Scottish Gaelic: Scottish Gaelic is a Celtic language spoken primarily in Scotland. It has a long history and is actively used by some communities in the Highlands and Outer Hebrides.
  4. Ulster Scots: Ulster Scots is a variant of Scottish English spoken primarily in Northern Ireland, particularly in the Ulster region. It has no official recognition, but there are efforts to preserve and promote the language.
  5. Irish: Irish is a Celtic language spoken by some people in Northern Ireland. It has no official recognition, but there is interest in preserving this language.
  6. Various Minority Languages: Due to the cultural diversity in the UK, other languages from around the world are also spoken by various ethnic communities including Punjabi, Urdu, Bengali, Gujarati and more.

UK school system

The school system naturally plays a major role when it comes to emigrating to the United Kingdom (UK) with the family:

The school system in the United Kingdom (UK) is complex and varies between the four countries that make up the UK: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. Each country has its own education system with differences in curricula, exams and school structures. Here is an overview of the school system in different parts of the UK:

  1. England:
  • Primary Education: Primary education begins at age 4 or 5 and lasts until age 11. Pupils complete Key Stage 1 and Key Stage 2.
  • Secondary Education: After primary school, students attend secondary school, which includes Key Stage 3 and Key Stage 4. The final exams at the end of Key Stage 4 are the so-called GCSE (General Certificate of Secondary Education) exams.
  • Continuing Education: After the GCSE exams, students can enter secondary school or college to pursue A Levels or vocational qualifications.
  1. Scotland:
  • Primary education: Primary education in Scotland starts at the age of 5 and lasts until the age of 12 or 13. Pupils complete the primary school.
  • Secondary Education: Secondary education lasts from 12/13 to 16/17 years. Pupils complete secondary school and take exams such as the National 4 and National 5 qualifications.
  • Continuing Education: After secondary school, students can enter Sixth Form College to pursue Highers and Advanced Highers.
  1. Wales:
  • The school system in Wales is similar to that in England, with similar levels of primary and secondary education. The final exams at the end of secondary education are also GCSE exams.
  1. Northern Ireland:
  • The school system in Northern Ireland is similar to that in England and Wales. The final exams at the end of secondary education are usually taken as GCSEs.

Universities also play an important role in further education in the UK and there is a wide range of colleges offering different degrees.

Healthcare system

The healthcare system in the United Kingdom (UK) is known as the National Health Service (NHS) and provides state-funded healthcare to all citizens of the country. The NHS is one of the largest and best-known healthcare systems in the world. Here are some key features of the NHS:

  1. Universal healthcare: The NHS provides healthcare, medicines, medical examinations, hospital treatment and other medical services to all UK citizens, regardless of their income or insurance status.
  2. Funding: The NHS is tax funded. Health care costs are covered by general taxes and national insurance contributions.
  3. Equality: The NHS emphasizes equality in access to healthcare. Medical care is provided on the basis of medical necessity and not the patient’s financial situation.
  4. General Medicine: Primary care is provided by General Practitioners (GPs), who serve as the first point of contact for medical problems. Most people in the UK are registered with a GP.
  5. Hospitals: The NHS runs public hospitals across the country. The hospitals offer a wide range of medical services, from emergency care to specialized treatments.
  6. Free medical care: Most medical services in the NHS are free for patients, including hospital treatment and medical care provided by GPs. However, some specialized services and medications may require fees or co-payments.
  7. Waiting times: As the NHS provides public healthcare to the whole population, there may be waiting times for certain treatments, particularly non-urgent procedures.

The health systems in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland are organized slightly differently, but all are based on the principle of universal health coverage for the citizen.

Tiere die sie im Vereinigten Königreich finden

Vaccinations and medical certificates

For emigrating to the United Kingdom (UK) as a German, the requirements for vaccinations or medical certificates may change depending on current circumstances and health conditions. Generally speaking, however, the UK does not typically require specific vaccinations or medical evidence from German nationals unless there is a particular health threat or disease epidemic.

Tax system

The tax system in the United Kingdom (UK) is quite complex and involves different types of taxes on different sources of income, assets and transactions. Here are some of the main taxes in the UK:

  1. Income Tax: Income tax in the UK is progressive, meaning higher incomes are taxed at higher rates. There are different tax bands (bands), each with different tax rates. Exact rates may change from year to year.
  2. National Insurance: This is a social security contribution paid by employees and employers. It is used to fund various government benefits such as pensions and health care.
  3. Corporate Tax: Corporate income tax is levied on company profits. The tax rate may also vary and is subject to various rules and deductions.
  4. Value Added Tax (VAT): Value added tax is levied on the sale of goods and services. There are different VAT rates for different goods and services.
  5. Capital Gains Tax: This tax is levied on capital gains resulting from the sale of assets such as stocks, real estate or other investments.
  6. Inheritance and gift taxes: These taxes are levied on transfers of property upon death or gifts.

It is important to note that there may be regional differences as Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland have their own jurisdiction over some tax matters. For accurate and up-to-date information on the tax system in the UK it is advisable to consult the UK Revenue & Customs official website or seek professional tax advice if you are unsure about tax matters.

Tax tricks

There are legal ways to save on tax in the United Kingdom (UK). Here are some of the common strategies and options:

  1. ISAs (Individual Savings Accounts): ISAs are special accounts that keep interest income and capital gains tax-free. There are different types of ISAs including Cash ISAs and Stocks & Shares ISAs.
  2. Pension Contributions: Contributions to retirement benefit plans (pensions) may be tax deductible. This allows you to reduce your taxable income.
  3. Income Sharing: If you own a business, you can use income sharing strategies to spread income among family members to get into lower tax bands.
  4. Reduced Capital Gains Tax Rate: If you are making long-term capital gains, you may be able to benefit from a reduced capital gains tax rate.
  5. Tax-free income: There are various allowances for income that are exempt from income tax. These include the personal allowance and the savings allowance.
  6. Incorporation: In some cases, when you start a business, you can take advantage of tax benefits, such as deductions for business expenses.
  7. Charitable Giving: Donations to charitable organizations can in many cases be tax deductible.
  8. Innovation Credits and R&D Funding: Companies investing in R&D may be able to benefit from tax incentives and funding.
  9. Ownership Structuring: If you own real estate, you can use various ownership strategies to save on taxes, such as forming a company to manage the properties.

Economy

The United Kingdom (UK) economy is one of the largest and most diversified in the world. It spans a wide range of sectors including financial services, technology, retail, manufacturing, agriculture, tourism and more. Here are some of the main features and aspects of the UK economy:

  1. Service Sector: The service sector is the largest industry in the UK. These include financial services, tourism, retail, education, healthcare and business services. London is a global center for financial services.
  2. Finance: London is one of the world’s leading financial centers with a strong presence of banks, investment companies, insurance companies and other financial institutions.
  3. Technology and Innovation: The technology industry in the UK is growing steadily, with a focus on artificial intelligence, fintech, biotechnology and other high-tech areas.
  4. Manufacturing: The manufacturing sector includes automotive manufacturing, engineering, food processing, and more. Traditional industries such as textiles and mining play a smaller role than they used to.
  5. Agriculture: Agriculture plays an important role in rural areas of the UK. The production of beef, dairy products, cereals and fisheries are significant sectors.
  6. Energy: The UK is increasingly turning to renewable energy such as wind, solar and biomass to meet its energy needs and reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
  7. International Trade Relations: The UK has a long history of international trade. Brexit affects trade relations between the UK and the EU and with other countries. The UK is scrambling to secure new trade deals.
  8. Labor Market: The UK labor market is diverse but as in many countries there are issues of job security, wages, working conditions and changing demographics.
  9. Tourism: Tourism plays an important role in the UK as the country offers many historical sites, cultural attractions and natural beauties.

The UK economy has experienced various challenges and opportunities throughout history, including the impact of Brexit, global economic developments and technology developments.

Wenn Sie in das Vereinigte Königreich auswandern müssen Sie sich London ansehen

Prices by index

As prices can change constantly even in one of the largest and most diversified economies in the world like the UK, we refer here to the Cost of Living website. This constantly updates its values and thus keeps you up to date.

Real Estate

As an immigrant in the United Kingdom (UK) it is possible to buy or rent property. Here is some important information about it:

Buying property: As a non-Brit, you can buy property in the UK whether you are an immigrant or not. However, there are a few things to keep in mind:

  1. Visa Status: Your visa status may affect what type of property you can buy. Some visas, such as visitor or study visas, may not permit the purchase of real estate. Others, like the Tier 1 investor visa, can make real estate acquisition easier.
  2. Legal Issues: Buying property in the UK is subject to specific legal procedures and regulations. It is advisable to seek advice from a lawyer or real estate professional to ensure you understand all legal requirements.
  3. Financing: Financing a property purchase in the UK can be complex. Banks and lenders have specific requirements for borrowers, including proof of income and credit history.

Renting property: Renting property in the UK is a common option for immigrants. Here are some points to consider:

  1. Leases: Leases may vary depending on the property and landlord. It is important to read the rental agreement carefully and understand all the terms before signing.
  2. Rental prices: UK rental prices vary greatly depending on location, type of property and demand. In big cities like London, rental prices tend to be higher.
  3. Rental Conditions: Rental conditions, including rental period and notice period, may vary. Some leases are short-term while others may be long-term.
Company foundation

As an immigrant in the United Kingdom (UK) it is possible to start a business. The UK has a relatively open attitude towards immigrant start-ups. Here is some important information about it:

Company Formation: In order to form a company in the UK, you need to follow several steps:

  1. Choice of corporate structure: You can choose to form a sole proprietorship, partnership, Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) or Limited Company (Ltd). Each structure has its own advantages and disadvantages in terms of liability, taxes and administration.
  2. Company name: You must ensure that the company name you choose is available and does not violate trademark rights.
  3. Registration: You must register your company with Companies House (the UK company register). This includes filling out forms and providing information about the company’s founders, directors and place of business.
  4. Business Account: You must open a business bank account to conduct financial transactions on behalf of your business.

Visa Status: Your visa status may affect your ability to set up a business in the UK. Some visa categories allow you to start and operate a business, while others do not. For example, the Tier 1 investor visa allows for the formation and investment in a company.

Taxes and Obligations: You will have to pay taxes depending on the nature of your business and your income. The UK has a complex tax system and it is advisable to seek professional tax advice to ensure you are properly complying with your tax obligations.

company form

As an immigrant in the United Kingdom (UK), you have a variety of options when it comes to starting a business. Here are some of the most common types of businesses you can start as an immigrant in the UK:

  1. Limited Company (Ltd): This is one of the most popular company forms in the UK. It is a separate legal entity with limited liability for the owners (shareholders). This means that the owners are only liable up to the amount of their investments.
  2. Sole Trader: This is a sole proprietorship where you as an individual own and operate the business. You are personally responsible for company debts and liabilities.
  3. Partnership: A partnership is a collaboration between two or more people who run a business together. The partners share responsibility, but also liability for the company’s debts.
  4. Limited Liability Partnership (LLP): This is a partnership where the partners have limited liability, similar to a Limited Company. It offers the flexibility of a partnership and the protection of limited liability.
  5. Branch: If you already own a foreign company and want to operate in the UK, you can set up a branch of your existing company. The foreign parent company retains full liability.
  6. Public Limited Company (PLC): This is a UK listed company. Forming and managing a PLC is more complex and requires more capital than other types of corporations.
Visa

There are various visa options for emigrating to the United Kingdom (UK). The choice of visa depends on your personal circumstances, plans and qualifications. Here are some of the common visa categories:

  1. Tier 1 (Investor) Visa: This visa is for investors who are willing to invest significant financial resources in UK companies. The investment amount and requirements vary by program.
  2. Tier 1 (Entrepreneur) Visa: For entrepreneurs wishing to start or take over a business in the UK. You must meet certain financial requirements and demonstrate that your business is contributing to the economy.
  3. Tier 1 (Global Talent) Visa: This visa is for individuals with exceptional talent or promising potential in the fields of science, art, digital technology or culture.
  4. Tier 2 (General) Visa: If you are employed on a qualifying job offer by a UK employer, you can apply for a Tier 2 Visa. The employer must have a sponsor license.
  5. Tier 4 (Student) Visa: For students wishing to study at an accredited UK educational institution. This visa allows you to study and work in the UK.
  6. Family Visa: If you have family members in the UK who are British citizens or legal residents, you could apply for a family visa.
  7. Ancestry Visa: If you have ancestors who were born in a Commonwealth country, you could apply for an Ancestry Visa under certain conditions.
  8. Visitor Visa: If you plan to stay in the UK for a short period of time, for example for holiday or business travel, you could apply for a visitor visa.
Security in the country

The United Kingdom (UK) is generally considered safe. It has a relatively low crime rate compared to many other countries and has well-developed legal and policing structures to ensure the safety of citizens and visitors.

However, like any country, there are areas in the UK that can be considered safer or less safe. Larger cities may have higher crime rates than rural areas. It is important to pay attention to personal safety, especially in high-traffic tourist areas or in cities.

Nevertheless, it is advisable to take the official safety instructions into account, we refer to the Foreign Office here: Safety instructions United Kingdom.

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