Emigrate to Belarus

⇒ Belarus culture

⇒ Climate

⇒ Language

⇒ School system of Belarus

⇒ Health care system

⇒ Vaccinations and medical certificates

⇒ Tax system

⇒ Economy

⇒ Prices by index

⇒ Real estate

⇒ Company foundation

⇒ Visa

⇒ Safety

Belarus culture

The culture of Belarus is characterized by a rich history, a mixture of Slavic traditions and various cultural influences. Here are some features that distinguish the culture of Belarus:

  1. Language and literature: The official language of Belarus is Belarusian, but Russian is also widely spoken. Belarusian literature has a long tradition and includes works by such well-known authors as Francysk Skaryna and Yanka Kupala.
  2. Folk Art: Belarus is known for its folk art, including the production of dolls, hand-woven textiles, pottery and woodcarvings. These crafts often reflect nature and peasant life.
  3. Music and dance: Traditional music plays an important role in Belarusian culture. Folk instruments such as the hurdy-gurdy and the accordion are characteristic. Belarusian dances are often lively and reflect the joy and energy of rural communities.
  4. Religion: The dominant religion in Belarus is Christianity, especially the Orthodox and Catholic denominations. Churches and religious customs are important parts of the culture.
  5. Culinary traditions: Belarusian cuisine is rich in potatoes, meat, bread and dairy products. Dishes like draniki (potato pancakes) and kalduny (stuffed dumplings) are popular.
  6. Festivals and holidays: Traditional festivals such as Kupala Night (a summer solstice celebration) and Maslenitsa (a type of carnival) are important cultural events. Modern holidays such as Independence Day and Constitution Day also have significance.
  7. Historical sites: Due to its historical significance, Belarus has many memorials and museums commemorating events such as World War II.
  8. Linguistic and cultural identity: Belarusian culture has experienced a variety of influences in the past, including Slavic, Baltic, and Jewish. Preservation of Belarusian identity and culture is an important issue in today’s globalized world.
  9. Architecture: Belarus has a mix of historic architecture, including castles and churches from different eras, as well as modern buildings in cities like Minsk.

Belarusian culture is rich and diverse, and it is shaped by the country’s history, people and social developments.

Eine traumhafte Landschaft und irrsinnige Weiten in Weissrussland

Climate

The climate in Belarus is continental and is determined by its location in the eastern part of Europe. There are clear differences between the seasons, with cool to cold winters and warm to hot summers. Here are the main features of the climate in Belarus:

  1. Winter (December to February): Winters in Belarus are cold and snowy. Average temperatures are usually between -4°C and -8°C, but can vary greatly depending on the region. In some parts of the country, temperatures can be even lower due to the continental influence.
  2. Spring (March to May): Spring in Belarus is often still quite cool, especially at the beginning. Temperatures gradually rise, and in May they usually reach about 10°C to 15°C. Spring is the time when nature comes back to life and the landscape is covered with flowers and green trees.
  3. Summer (June to August): The summer months in Belarus are warm to hot. Average temperatures are between 20°C and 25°C, but can rise above 30°C in July and August. Summers are the best time for outdoor activities and visiting lakes and parks.
  4. Autumn (September – November): Autumn in Belarus is mild and often very picturesque. Temperatures drop gradually, and in September they are usually between 10°C and 15°C. Autumn is also the time when the leaves turn colorful, which makes the landscape especially beautiful.

It is important to note that temperatures and climatic conditions may vary depending on the region in Belarus. The southern regions of the country tend to be warmer than the northern ones. During the winter months, heavy snowfall can occur, which can affect traffic and daily life.

Language

The official language of Belarus is Belarusian (also called White Russian). This language is closely related to Russian, but still a separate Slavic language. Besides Belarusian, Russian is also widely spoken and used as an everyday language.

Both Belarusian and Russian are usually taught in school, and many people in Belarus are able to understand and speak both languages. In urban areas, Russian is often the dominant language in public life, while Belarusian tends to be spoken in rural areas and smaller towns.

School system of Belarus

For emigration to Belarus with the family, the school system plays a major role:

The school system in Belarus is structured similarly to the Soviet model, but has undergone some changes over time. Here are some important features of the Belarusian school system:

  1. School grades: The school system in Belarus comprises eleven school years. It starts with elementary school (1st to 4th grade), followed by middle school (5th to 9th grade), and finally high school (10th to 11th grade).
  2. Subjects: The curriculum includes a wide range of subjects, including languages (Belarusian, Russian, foreign languages such as English), mathematics, natural sciences, social sciences, art, music, sports and much more.
  3. Grading system: The grading system ranges from 1 to 10, with 10 being the best grade. Students receive report cards at the end of each school year with their grades in various subjects.
  4. Final Exam: At the end of 11th grade, students must take a final exam called a “Central Test Paper.” This exam includes subjects such as Belarusian (or Russian), mathematics, a foreign language and a social science discipline.
  5. College access: final exam scores affect students’ access to higher education. Those who perform well have a better chance of being accepted to prestigious universities.
  6. Higher education: The higher education system in Belarus is highly developed. There are a number of universities and colleges that offer a wide range of degree programs in various disciplines.

Healthcare system

The healthcare system in Belarus is based on a state-funded model that ensures government-provided healthcare services for the population. Here are some important features of the health care system in Belarus:

  1. Free medical care: Basic care in the health care system of Belarus is free of charge for citizens. This includes medical examinations, medical treatment and hospitalization.
  2. State hospitals and clinics: The state has state hospitals and clinics that provide medical services in various specialties. Some of these facilities are highly specialized and offer advanced medical care.
  3. Medical professionals: Belarus has qualified medical professionals, including doctors, nurses and other medical specialists. Medical education has a high priority in Belarus.
  4. Drug supply: The government supports access to medicines, and many essential medicines can be provided at discounted prices or even free of charge.
  5. Health promotion and prevention: The health care system also emphasizes health promotion and prevention. Programs are conducted to educate the public on healthy lifestyle habits and disease prevention.
  6. Private health services: In addition to government facilities, there are also private medical facilities that offer fee-based services. These facilities are often better equipped and may offer more comfort, but the cost may be higher.
Ein Auszug der Tierwelt von Weissrussland

Vaccinations and medical certificates

Vaccinations are recommended for emigration to Belarus. As a rule, many countries require certain vaccinations or medical certificates upon entry to protect public health.

Commonly recommended vaccinations for travel abroad include vaccinations against diseases such as tetanus, diphtheria, hepatitis A and B, typhoid, and rabies, if applicable. Some countries may have specific vaccination requirements, depending on the health situation and potential risks in the country.

Tax system

The tax system in Belarus is based on different types of taxes levied by the government to generate state revenues. Here are some of the main types of taxes in Belarus:

  1. Income tax: Income tax for individuals is usually a fixed percentage of gross income. The exact rate may vary depending on income level.
  2. Value Added Tax (VAT): VAT is levied on the sale of goods and services. The standard VAT rate in Belarus is usually 20%. However, there are also reduced rates for certain goods and services.
  3. Profit tax: Companies in Belarus are obliged to pay profit tax on their profits. The exact tax rate may vary, depending on various factors such as the type of business and its location.
  4. Real Estate Tax: This tax is levied on the value of real estate, including land, buildings and apartments.
  5. Social security contributions: Employees and employers pay social security contributions, which are used to finance pensions, health benefits and other social safety nets.
  6. Special taxes: There are also special taxes such as on the sale of alcohol and tobacco products.

Tax tricks

There are several legal ways to save or optimize taxes in Belarus, similar to other countries. Here are some potential approaches:

  1. Tax incentives for investment: The Belarusian government offers tax incentives in some regions and economic sectors to attract foreign investment. These may include tax breaks or exemptions for a specified period of time.
  2. Use of tax deductions: Companies and individuals can use various tax deductions in Belarus to reduce their tax burden. These include, for example, deductions for certain expenses, such as childcare costs or education expenses.
  3. Tax optimization of business structures: Companies can design their business structures to benefit from tax advantages. This may include choosing the right legal form, using double taxation treaties or placing holding companies.
  4. Use of tax-free accounts: Some investments or financial transactions could potentially be tax-free in Belarus. These may include special accounts or funds that offer certain tax advantages.
  5. Tax planning for individuals: Individuals can structure their income to benefit from lower tax rates or deductions. This could include splitting income among family members or choosing the best tax options for business income.

Economy

The economy of Belarus is mainly dominated by state-owned enterprises and has some distinctive features:

  1. Heavy industry: Industry, especially heavy industry, plays a significant role in the Belarusian economy. Sectors such as metal processing, mechanical engineering, chemicals and mining are important economic drivers. Belarus is also one of the largest producers of fertilizers in the world.
  2. Agricultural sector: Agriculture is another important economic sector in Belarus. The country is known for growing cereals, potatoes and vegetables. Livestock farming, especially dairy farming, is also significant.
  3. Dependence on Russia: Belarus maintains close economic ties with Russia. Both countries are members of the Eurasian Economic Union, which promotes trade and economic integration. Russia is an important trading partner for Belarusian exports.
  4. State control: Belarus’ economy is highly centralized and characterized by state control. Many key industries are controlled by the state, and the government plays an active role in steering the economy.
  5. Challenges: However, the Belarusian economy also faces challenges. These include structural problems, lack of diversification of the economy, high public debt, inefficiency in some sectors and dependence on energy imports.
  6. International Relations: Belarus has limited economic relations with other countries outside the Eurasian region. However, the country is trying to diversify its economic ties with other partners to reduce its dependence on Russia.
Auswandern nach Weissrussland mit Frequenza ihrem Auswanderungsportal

Prices by index

Since prices can change constantly even in a state economy like Belarus’, we refer here to the Cost of Living website. This constantly updates its values and thus keeps you up to date.

Real Estate

As an immigrant in Belarus, it is generally possible to buy or rent real estate. Belarus has no special restrictions for foreigners regarding real estate ownership. However, there are some important points to consider:

Real estate purchase:

  • Foreigners are allowed to buy and own land and real estate in Belarus. However, this requires special permission from the local authorities responsible for the purchase of real estate.
  • It is advisable to consult an attorney or real estate expert to ensure that all legal aspects are handled correctly.

Real estate rent:

  • Foreigners can also rent real estate in Belarus. However, the lease agreements should be concluded in accordance with Belarusian laws.

Again, it may be helpful to consult with a real estate expert or attorney to ensure that all legal requirements are met.

Company foundation

As an immigrant in Belarus it is possible to start a business. Belarus has taken steps in recent years to make it easier for nationals and foreigners to set up businesses. Here is some important information about it:

Establishment of a company:

  • Foreigners can establish various types of companies in Belarus, including limited liability companies (LLC), joint stock companies (JSC) and other forms.
  • Starting a business requires following certain legal steps and meeting certain requirements, which may vary depending on the type of business.

Prerequisites:

  • The exact requirements and procedures for starting a business are subject to change. It is advisable to contact the appropriate authorities or professional service providers directly to obtain the most up-to-date information and requirements.

Advice and support:

  • It is recommended to seek professional advice from lawyers, business consultants or business formation experts when establishing a business in Belarus to ensure that all legal and tax aspects are properly considered.

Company forms

As an immigrant in Belarus, different types of business forms can be established. Here are some of the common types of companies available in Belarus:

  1. Limited Liability Company (LLC): An LLC is a popular form of business often chosen in Belarus. It offers the advantage of limited liability for the shareholders and requires at least one founder. The founders can be both natural persons and legal entities.
  2. Joint stock company (JSC): A JSC is a form of company in which the capital is divided into shares. It requires at least one shareholder and also provides limited liability for shareholders. There are different types of JSCs, including open and closed JSCs.
  3. Branch or representative office: A foreign company may also establish a branch or representative office in Belarus. This form of enterprise allows the foreign company to conduct business in Belarus without establishing a separate legal entity.
  4. Sole proprietorship: An immigrant may also establish a sole proprietorship where he/she conducts business as a sole proprietor. This form of enterprise offers fewer formal structures, but also less liability protection.
  5. Cooperative: A cooperative is an association of people or companies that carry out economic activities together. Cooperatives can be established in a variety of industries.
Visa

For emigration to Belarus, there are several types of visas that allow German citizens to immigrate to the country. Here are some of the most common visa categories:

  1. Tourist visa: A tourist visa allows German citizens to stay temporarily in Belarus to visit the country. The duration of stay is usually limited, and no work or business activity is usually allowed.
  2. Business visa: A business visa is used to conduct business activities in Belarus, such as meetings, negotiations or conferences. However, it does not usually allow for long-term residency.
  3. Work visa: A work visa is required if you wish to work in Belarus. It is usually applied for by a Belarusian employer who has an employment contract with you.
  4. Investor Visa: If you plan to invest in Belarus and start a business or acquire shares in an existing business, an investor visa might be relevant.
  5. Study visa: If you intend to study in Belarus, you can apply for a study visa. This allows you to stay in the country for the duration of your studies.
  6. Family reunification: If you have a family member in Belarus, a visa for family reunification can be applied for.
Security in the country

The security situation in Belarus may vary depending on the political situation and current events. In the past, there have been protests and political unrest, especially in connection with presidential elections and political developments. These events can create tension and uncertainty.

It is recommended to take into account the official safety instructions, we refer to the information of the Foreign Office: Safety instructions Belarus.

Compare listings

Compare