- Real Estate
- Emigrate as a pensioner
Turkey’s culture is diverse and rich, marked by a rich history, a blend of diverse influences and a vibrant folk culture. Here are some characteristics that distinguish the culture of Turkey:
The climate in Turkey is very different due to the geographical location and the diversity of the terrain. Overall, however, it can be said that Turkey has a temperate climate with some regional variations. Here are the general climatic zones and their characteristics:
In Turkey, Turkish is mainly spoken as the official language. Turkish is the mother tongue of the majority of the population and serves as the lingua franca in the country. However, there are also a variety of other languages spoken by minority groups in Turkey. These include:
In addition, there are other languages spoken by minority groups or immigrants in Turkey, including Albanian, Bosnian, Georgian and many others. Turkey is a multicultural country with a rich linguistic diversity.
For emigrating to Turkey with the family, the school system obviously plays a big role:
The school system in Turkey consists of three main levels: Elementary School, Secondary School and Secondary School.
Elementary school (İlkokul) covers four years and is intended for children aged 6 to 10. Education in elementary school is compulsory and free of charge. In this level, basic knowledge is taught in the subjects of mathematics, Turkish, natural sciences, social sciences, art and music.
Secondary school (Ortaokul) usually lasts four years and is for students aged 11 to 14. The curriculum includes subjects such as mathematics, Turkish, natural sciences, social sciences, foreign languages, sports and religion or ethics.
Secondary school (Lise) is another four-year level that students attend between the ages of 15 and 18. There are different types of secondary schools, including general secondary schools, specialized secondary schools and vocational schools. Students can choose a specific field of study, such as natural sciences, social sciences, languages or technology, depending on their interests and abilities.
After completing secondary school, students can take a college admissions exam to study at a university or college.
The health care system in Turkey is referred to as the “Health Insurance System of Turkey” and is based on the principle of compulsory health insurance. The system includes both government and private health care facilities.
Public health facilities in Turkey include public hospitals, polyclinics, health centers, and community health centers. These facilities provide a wide range of medical services, including medical examinations, diagnosis, treatment, surgery and emergency care. Government facilities are generally inexpensive and provide medical care for the general population.
There are also private hospitals and clinics in Turkey that provide quality medical care for a fee. Many private facilities are equipped with state-of-the-art medical technology and offer a wide range of medical specialties and specializations.
The Turkish government has made significant efforts in recent years to improve the health care system and facilitate access to quality health care. Health insurance is mandatory for all Turkish citizens, and foreigners living legally in Turkey can also benefit from health insurance.
For emigration to Turkey as a German, vaccinations and medical certificates are recommended.
In general, the Turkish Ministry of Health recommends that travelers have certain standard immunizations, such as vaccinations against tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), polio and measles-mumps-rubella (MMR). In addition, depending on the destination and duration of the trip, further vaccinations may be recommended, e.g. against hepatitis A and B, typhoid or rabies.
Medical evidence may also be required at the time of entry, especially if there are certain medical conditions that could affect entry or residency. In such cases, it is advisable to contact the Turkish authorities or the Turkish embassy or consulate in Germany before traveling to clarify the exact requirements.
The tax system in Turkey comprises various types of taxes levied on different sources of income and wealth. Here are some important points about the tax system in Turkey:
There are legal ways to save taxes in Turkey. Here are some common tax saving strategies that can be used in Turkey:
The economy in Turkey is diverse and is one of the largest economies in the world. It is supported by various sectors such as industry, services, agriculture and tourism. Here are some characteristics of the Turkish economy:
Even in an economy as diverse as Turkey’s, prices can change quickly and vary greatly from region to region, so please refer to the Cost of Living website. The information on this website is constantly updated so that you are always up to date.
As an immigrant, it is possible to buy or rent real estate in Turkey. Turkish legislation allows foreigners to purchase real estate, both residential and commercial, under certain conditions.
For the purchase of real estate, foreigners must obtain permission from the Turkish authorities, in particular from the military authorities. This approval is generally formal in nature and is usually granted unless there are safety concerns.
However, there are some restrictions on purchasing real estate in certain regions such as military sensitive areas, coastal areas or near the border. There are also restrictions on the acquisition of agricultural land.
As an immigrant, it is possible to start a business in Turkey. Turkish legislation allows foreigners to establish a company and conduct business in various industries.
In order to establish a company in Turkey, certain steps and formalities must be followed, including registering the company with the Commercial Registry Office, obtaining a tax number, and meeting legal requirements such as minimum capital requirements and appointing a managing director.
As an immigrant in Turkey, you have several options to start a business. Here are some of the most common types of businesses:
There are also other specialized forms of business and regulations for specific industries or activities.
For emigrating to Turkey as a German, there are several visa options. The appropriate visa category depends on several factors, such as the purpose of the stay, the planned duration of the stay and the type of activity in Turkey. Here are some of the most common visa categories:
The security situation in Turkey may vary depending on the region and current events. In recent years, there have been security concerns in some parts of the country due to political tensions, terrorism, and occasional protests. There may be security risks, particularly in the border regions and in certain areas in the southeast of the country.
It is important to review and heed current travel advisories and safety warnings from government agencies, such as the State Department. We refer here to the security advice of the Foreign Office: Security advice Turkey.