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The culture of Malaysia is diverse and rich in traditions shaped by the country’s diverse ethnic groups. Malaysia is made up of three main ethnic groups: Malays, Chinese and Indians, as well as a variety of indigenous peoples, each contributing their unique cultural influences. Here are some of the characteristics that characterize Malaysian culture:
These aspects of Malaysian culture help shape a unique and fascinating country with a rich cultural identity.
The climate in Malaysia is tropical and humid, with warm temperatures and high humidity throughout the year. Due to its geographic location near the equator, Malaysia does not have a classic four season climate, but is typically divided into two main phases: the rainy season and the dry season.
The rainy season lasts from November to March and is caused by the northeast monsoon. During this period, it rains frequently and intensely. Rainfall levels can be very high in some areas, which can lead to flooding. However, it does not rain all day, but often in short, heavy showers, followed by sunny weather.
The dry season lasts from April to October and is caused by the southwest monsoon. During this period the weather is generally drier and sunnier, but there are still occasional rain showers, especially in the afternoon hours. However, humidity remains high even during the dry season.
In Malaysia, there is not much difference in temperature between the seasons. Average temperatures range from 25°C to 32°C in coastal areas all year round. In the highland regions, like Cameron Highlands, it can be a bit cooler, with temperatures hovering around 20°C.
It is important to note that the climate in Malaysia can vary regionally depending on elevation and proximity to the sea. Temperatures tend to be hotter and humidity higher in coastal areas, while mountainous areas can be slightly cooler.
Various languages are spoken in Malaysia as the country is a multicultural society with a wide variety of ethnicities and cultures. The official national language is Malaysian, also known as Bahasa Malaysia. Malaysian is the country’s lingua franca and is widely used in government institutions, schools, the media and in everyday life.
In addition, Malaysia also has numerous regional languages and dialects spoken by different ethnic groups. Major ethnic groups and their languages include:
It is important to note that the languages of Malaysia are a reflection of the country’s cultural diversity. While Malaysian serves as the official language, Chinese, Tamil and English are present in many aspects of daily life, particularly in urban areas and in the areas of commerce, education and tourism.
The school system is an important factor for migrating to Malaysia with the family:
The school system in Malaysia is divided into three main levels: primary school, secondary school and higher education. There are also private schools and international schools that offer an alternative education system. Here is an overview of the school system in Malaysia:
Primary school lasts 6 years and is intended for children aged 7 to 12 years. The curriculum in primary schools includes subjects such as Malay, English, math, science, social studies, art, music, physical education and religious studies (depending on the student’s religion). Malaysian is the main language of instruction, but English is also part of the curriculum.
Secondary school is divided into two levels: junior high (Sekolah Menengah Pertama or Sekolah Menengah Rendah) and high school (Sekolah Menengah Atas or Sekolah Menengah Tinggi). The intermediate level lasts 3 years (Form 1 to Form 3) and the advanced level lasts 2 years (Form 4 and Form 5).
In secondary school, students are required to complete a broader curriculum that includes subjects such as Malay, English, math, science, humanities, arts, music, technology, foreign languages and physical education. In high school, students choose specific subjects that match their interests and career goals. At the end of secondary education, students take the Sijil Pelajaran Malaysia (SPM) exam, which is their university entrance qualification.
After completing secondary school, students can pursue higher education. There are various educational institutions in Malaysia including public universities, private universities, colleges and technical colleges. Malaysian students must pass the Sijil Tinggi Pelajaran Malaysia (STPM) exam or other equivalent qualifications to be admitted to higher education.
It should be noted that Malaysia has a diverse education system that includes various schools with different curricula, including national, international and religious schools.
The healthcare system in Malaysia is a mix of public and private healthcare facilities. Known for its affordable medical services, it even attracts foreign patients for medical treatments. Here are the key features of the healthcare system in Malaysia:
The public health system in Malaysia is managed and operated by the Ministry of Health (MOH). It includes government hospitals, health centers and clinics that are accessible nationwide. Medical care in the public facilities is comparatively inexpensive and is subsidized for Malaysian citizens.
Malaysia has a wide range of private hospitals and medical clinics that offer quality medical services. These facilities are usually better equipped and offer additional amenities, but also come with higher costs. Many foreign patients seek medical treatment in Malaysia’s private facilities due to the high quality of care and reasonable prices compared to other countries.
The Malaysian government encourages its citizens to take out health insurance. There is also private health insurance, which facilitates access to world-class medical facilities and services. For foreigners living or working in Malaysia, it may be advisable to purchase international medical insurance to cover medical expenses.
Malaysia is a popular destination for medical tourism as it offers quality medical care at affordable prices. Many foreign patients come to Malaysia for medical treatments including cosmetic surgery, dental work, heart surgery and fertility treatments.
Immigrating to Malaysia as a German requires certain vaccinations and medical evidence. However, exact requirements are subject to change, so it is important to get the most up-to-date information from the Malaysian embassy or consulate in Germany.
In general, the following vaccinations are required or recommended for entry into Malaysia:
The tax system in Malaysia is a residual income tax system, the tax rates are progressive and increase with increasing income. The Malaysian tax system is divided into two main categories of taxpayers: residents (resident) and non-residents (non-resident). Taxation depends on whether an individual is considered resident or non-resident.
– A resident of Malaysia is considered a resident if he/she has spent more than 182 days in Malaysia in a calendar year.
– Residents are taxed on their worldwide income.
– Income is subject to a tiered tax scale with tax rates ranging from 0% to 30% for the 2021 tax year.
– Non-residents are only taxed on income earned in Malaysia.
– Income is subject to a tiered tax scale with tax rates ranging from 0% to 30% for the 2021 tax year.
Malaysian tax returns are generally required to be filed by April 30th of the following year after the end of the tax year. Taxpayers can contact the Malaysian Ministry of Finance or a tax advisor for more information on the tax system and tax obligations in Malaysia.
There are legal ways to save on taxes in Malaysia. As in most countries, the Malaysian tax system offers various tax benefits, deductions and incentives that can be used by individuals and companies to reduce their tax burden. Here are some of the legal ways to save on taxes in Malaysia:
Malaysia’s economy is considered to be one of the best developed in Southeast Asia and is one of the emerging countries. Malaysia has a diverse and high-growth economy sustained by various sectors. Here are some key features of the Malaysian economy:
The Malaysian economy has experienced continuous growth over the past few decades, evolving into a modern, diversified and competitive economy.
Even in a strong and differentiated economy like Malaysia’s, prices can change rapidly and vary greatly from region to region, so we refer here to the Cost of Living website. The information on this website is constantly updated so that you are always up to date.
As an immigrant or foreigner in Malaysia, there are certain restrictions on purchasing real estate. Laws governing the purchase of real estate by foreigners vary depending on the type of property and the region in Malaysia. Here are the key points to note:
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As an immigrant in Malaysia, there is always the possibility of founding a company or participating in a company. There are different types of companies you can incorporate in Malaysia including:
It is important to note the specific requirements and restrictions for starting a business as an immigrant in Malaysia. These may include minimum capital requirements, industry specifications and compliance with Malaysian corporate laws and regulations. The Malaysian government has focal points such as the Malaysia Investment Development Authority (MIDA) to provide support and advice to foreign investors.
There are various visa options for emigrating to Malaysia as a German, depending on your purpose and the planned length of your stay. Here are some of the common visa options:
In general, Malaysia is considered a relatively safe country for both tourists and residents. The crime rate is low compared to many other countries and most travelers do not experience any security issues during their stay. The Government of Malaysia is committed to ensuring the safety and well-being of the population and visitors.
It is advisable to check the Foreign Office’s travel advice and security warnings before emigrating to Malaysia and to find out about current developments.
Nevertheless, we refer to the safety instructions of the Federal Foreign Office: Safety instructions Malaysia.