Emigrate to Kazakhstan

⇒ Kazakhstan culture

⇒ Climate

⇒ Language

⇒ School system of Kazakhstan

⇒ Health care system

⇒ Vaccinations and medical certificates

⇒ Tax system

⇒ Economy

⇒ Prices by index

⇒ Real estate

⇒ Company foundation

⇒ Visa

⇒ Safety

⇒ BACK TO OVERVIEW ⇐

Kazakhstan culture

Kazakhstan’s culture is a fascinating blend of traditional values, nomadic culture, and Soviet-era influences and modern developments. Here are some characteristic aspects of Kazakh culture:

  1. Nomadic culture: The history of nomadic culture is deeply rooted in Kazakhstan’s identity. The nomadic way of life has greatly influenced the culture of the country, from clothing to art and social structures.
  2. Diversity of ethnic groups: Kazakhstan is a multi-ethnic country with over 100 different ethnic groups. This diversity is reflected in the language, cuisine and traditions.
  3. Language: The official language is Kazakh, while Russian is used as an important lingua franca. Many Kazakhs speak both languages, and this is reflected in everyday communication and the media.
  4. Hospitality: Hospitality has a high value in Kazakh culture. Guests are often warmly welcomed and it is customary to treat them to food and tea.
  5. Folklore and music: Kazakh folk music, including the characteristic “dombra” instrument, reflects nomadic history and ties to nature. Folklore and traditional dances are also important forms of cultural expression.
  6. Culinary traditions: Kazakh cuisine is characterized by meat, dairy products and cereals. Famous is the traditional dish “Beshbarmak”, which consists of meat and noodles. Nomadic influences can also be seen in the preservation of foods such as “kumys” (fermented mare’s milk).
  7. Religion: Islam is the predominant religion in Kazakhstan, although Islam is often mixed with nomadic traditions and customs here. Freedom of religion is protected in the country’s constitution.
  8. Modern culture: Kazakhstan’s cities, especially Astana (now Nursultan) and Almaty, reflect modern life. Here you can find modern architecture, art galleries, theaters and a growing café culture.
Ein Einblick in die Natur von Kasachstan

Climate

The climate in Kazakhstan varies greatly due to the vast expanse of the country, which spans different geographical regions. In general, four main climatic zones can be distinguished in Kazakhstan:

  1. Continental climate: Large parts of Kazakhstan have a distinct continental climate. Winters here are long and cold, with temperatures often dropping below freezing. Summers are hot and dry. The regions in the north, northeast and center of the country fall under this category.
  2. Desert climate: In the southern regions, especially in the Kysylkum Desert, a desert climate prevails. Temperatures can be very high in summer, while winters are mild. Precipitation is limited here.
  3. Mountain climate: The mountainous regions, such as the Tian Shan Mountains in the southeast, have an alpine climate. Here the summers are cooler and the winters are very cold and snowy.
  4. Temperate climate: The western regions of Kazakhstan, bordering the Caspian Sea, have a temperate climate with milder winters and wetter summers. These regions are often characterized by the influence of the sea.

Language

Several languages are spoken in Kazakhstan, reflecting the country’s diverse ethnic composition. The two official languages of Kazakhstan are Kazakh and Russian. Here is some information about these languages:

  1. Kazakh: Kazakh is the national language of Kazakhstan and is spoken by the majority of the population. It belongs to the Turkic-speaking family and is closely related to other Turkic languages such as Turkish and Uzbek.
  2. Russian: Although Kazakh is the official language of the country, Russian plays an important role in daily life, especially in communication, the educational system and public life. It is widely spoken and is spoken by many Kazakhstanis as a second language.

In addition to Kazakh and Russian, there are numerous other languages spoken by various minority groups due to the country’s ethnic diversity. These include Uzbek, Uyghur, Tatar, Kyrgyz, Ukrainian and many others. The diversity of languages in Kazakhstan is a reflection of the country’s cultural riches and ethnic diversity.

School system of Kazakhstan

For emigrating with the family, the school system obviously plays a big role:

The school system in Kazakhstan follows a twelve-year education system and consists of three levels: Elementary School, Middle School and Secondary School. Here is a rough overview of the school system in Kazakhstan:

  1. Elementary School (1st-4th grade): Elementary school lasts four years and is for students aged 6 to 10. Emphasis is placed on the acquisition of basic literacy, numeracy, and general knowledge.
  2. Middle school (5th-9th grade): Middle school also lasts five years and is for students ages 11 to 15. The curriculum expands to include various subjects such as natural sciences, social sciences, foreign languages, art, music and physical education.
  3. Secondary school (10th-12th grade): Secondary school lasts three years and is for students aged 16 to 18. Here, students choose their focus subjects to prepare for their future college education or career. They also prepare for the National Educational Qualifying Exam (“attestation”), which is required for university admission.

In Kazakhstan, education is offered in both Kazakh and Russian, with most schools being bilingual. The education system emphasizes the development of skills such as critical thinking, teamwork, and problem solving. After graduating from secondary school, students have the opportunity to study at colleges or universities in Kazakhstan or abroad.

Healthcare system

The health care system in Kazakhstan consists of state institutions, private health care services and social insurance programs. Here are some important features of the health care system in Kazakhstan:

  1. Free basic health care: Basic health care in Kazakhstan’s public health care system is free for citizens. This includes medical consultations, diagnostic tests, emergency care and basic medical treatments.
  2. Health centers and hospitals: Kazakhstan has a network of health centers and hospitals that provide a wide range of medical services, including prevention, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation.
  3. Medical professionals: The country has well-trained medical professionals, including doctors, nurses and medical staff. However, rural areas may lack adequately qualified medical personnel.
  4. Health Insurance: Kazakhstan has a state health insurance system that covers medical care for citizens. This insurance provides access to free or subsidized medical care at government facilities.
  5. Private health services: In addition to government facilities, there are also private hospitals, clinics, and medical centers in Kazakhstan that provide medical services for a fee.
  6. Medical Tourism: Kazakhstan has increasingly emerged as a destination for medical tourism, offering high quality medical services at competitive prices.
Ein Auszug aus der schönen Tierwelt von Kasachstan

Vaccinations and medical certificates

For emigration to Kazakhstan, it is common for certain vaccinations to be recommended or even required upon entry into Kazakhstan. These vaccinations could vary depending on the current health situation and risks in the country. Normally, vaccinations against diseases such as tetanus, diphtheria, hepatitis A and B, typhoid and possibly rabies are recommended.

Additionally, depending on the current health conditions in Kazakhstan, medical evidence of your health or specific examinations might be required. This could include medical exams to check your physical health, infectious diseases and other relevant aspects.

Tax system

The tax system in Kazakhstan is progressive and includes various types of taxes, including income tax, value added tax (VAT), corporate tax and more. Here is some important information about the tax system in Kazakhstan:

  1. Income tax: Income tax in Kazakhstan is progressive, which means that higher incomes have higher tax rates. Current tax rates can vary depending on income and range from low to higher percentages.
  2. Corporate tax: Corporate tax in Kazakhstan is usually a fixed percentage of corporate profits. This tax rate may vary depending on the industry, size of the company and location.
  3. Value Added Tax (VAT): VAT in Kazakhstan is usually a fixed percentage on the sales price of goods and services. The current VAT rate may vary.
  4. Social security contributions: Employers and employees pay social security contributions that cover various benefits such as health insurance, pensions and unemployment benefits.
  5. Tax incentives: Kazakhstan offers certain tax benefits and incentives for specific industries, regions or investments. These benefits can vary depending on government goals and economic needs.

Tax tricks

There are legal ways to save taxes in Kazakhstan. Similar to many other countries, Kazakhstan offers various tax breaks and incentives to attract investment, promote economic development, and support specific sectors. Here are some possibilities:

  1. Special economic zones: Kazakhstan has established special economic zones where companies can obtain tax benefits and facilitations. These zones are often limited to specific industries or regions.
  2. Investment incentives: The government of Kazakhstan offers incentives to foreign investors operating in certain key sectors, such as energy, agriculture, mining and technology. These incentives may include tax breaks, duty exemptions, or other financial relief.
  3. Tax incentives for small businesses: Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) can receive special tax incentives in Kazakhstan to support their development and competitiveness.
  4. Research and development: Companies that invest in research and development can receive tax benefits in Kazakhstan to promote innovation.
  5. Agricultural and industrial zones: In certain agricultural and industrial zones, businesses may receive reduced tax rates and other relief to encourage economic development in these areas.

Economy

Kazakhstan’s economy is diverse as the country is rich in natural resources such as oil, natural gas, minerals and metals. Hier sind einige wichtige Aspekte der Wirtschaft Kasachstans:

  1. Raw materials and mining: The extraction of raw materials, especially oil and natural gas, is a key driver of the Kazakh economy. The country is one of the largest producers of raw materials in the world and is one of the leading countries in the production of crude oil.
  2. Energy: Kazakhstan has considerable energy resources and is a major energy exporter. In addition to oil and gas, nuclear energy also plays a role.
  3. Agriculture: Agriculture is a major sector in Kazakhstan, producing grain, meat, dairy products and other agricultural products. The country has large agricultural areas that are used for cultivation.
  4. Industry: Industrial production covers a wide range of sectors, including mechanical engineering, metalworking, chemicals and food processing.
  5. Trade and transport: Kazakhstan’s geographical position between Europe and Asia makes it an important transit country for trade. The transport sector, including roads, rail and air, plays a crucial role.
  6. Construction and infrastructure: Kazakhstan has made massive investments in the development of its infrastructure in recent years, including new transport routes, communications facilities and buildings.
Wenn Sie nach Kasachstan auswandern erwartet sie eine unglaubliche Natur

Prices by index

Since prices can change constantly even in an economy as diverse as Kazakhstan’s, we refer here to the Cost of Living website. This constantly updates its values and thus keeps you up to date.

Real Estate

As an immigrant, it is possible to buy or rent real estate in Kazakhstan. Ownership of real estate is well protected in Kazakhstan and foreigners can acquire real estate through the same legal channels as locals. Here are some important points to consider:

Real estate purchase:

  • Foreigners can buy both residential and commercial real estate in Kazakhstan.
  • The purchasing process follows local laws and procedures.
  • It is advisable to consult with an experienced lawyer or real estate agent in Kazakhstan to ensure that all legal aspects are handled properly.
  • Real estate purchase agreements should be carefully reviewed and all details about the purchase price, transfer of ownership and other important points should be specified.

Real estate rent:

  • Foreigners can rent residential and commercial real estate in Kazakhstan.
  • Leases should be in writing and all important terms and agreements should be clearly stated.

Rental rates can vary depending on the location and type of property.

Company foundation

As an immigrant, it is possible to start a business in Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan has an open policy for foreign investors and encourages the establishment of companies in the country. Here is some important information about starting a business in Kazakhstan:

Steps to starting a business:

  1. Business Plan: Start by developing a detailed business plan that includes your business idea, market analysis, target audience, products or services, and financial projections.
  2. Choose legal form: Choose the appropriate legal form for your business. In Kazakhstan, foreign investors can choose various legal forms, including a limited liability company (LLP), a joint stock company (JSC) or a branch.
  3. Company name: Choose a unique company name and check if it is available.
  4. Registration: Register your company with the relevant business registration office in Kazakhstan. This can be done online or through physical application forms.
  5. Permits and licenses: Depending on the nature of the business, certain permits or licenses may be required. Make sure you prepare all the necessary documents and records.
  6. Taxes and accounting: Learn about the tax system in Kazakhstan and fulfill all tax obligations. It is advisable to consult an accountant or tax advisor to manage the financial affairs of your business.
  7. Open a bank account: Open a corporate bank account at a local bank in Kazakhstan.
  8. Work Permits: If you are looking to hire employees, you should be aware of the work permits and legal requirements for foreign workers.

Company forms

An immigrant in Kazakhstan can establish various forms of business, depending on the needs and goals of his business. Here are some common types of companies available in Kazakhstan:

  1. Limited Liability Company (LLP): This type of company is very popular with foreign investors. An LLP offers the advantage that the liability of the partners is limited to their contributions. At least two shareholders are required and there is no minimum capital requirement.
  2. Joint stock company (JSC): A JSC is a capital-based company in which the capital is divided into shares. It may or may not be listed on the stock exchange. This form is more suitable for larger companies.
  3. Branch: A foreign company can open a branch in Kazakhstan. This is subject to the laws of the country in which the company was founded. This can be an option to establish business activities in Kazakhstan without establishing a separate legal entity.
  4. Representative office: A representative office is a type of branch office that is aimed more at carrying out marketing and information activities without directly doing business. It is also subject to the laws of the company’s country of origin.
  5. Sole proprietorship: An immigrant may also establish a sole proprietorship that is operated as an individual business activity. This is a simpler option, but requires the owner to be liable for all business debts.
  6. Cooperatives: Cooperatives are groups of people who join together to carry out economic activities. They can operate in different industries and have different organizational structures.
Visa

For German citizens who wish to emigrate to Kazakhstan, there are different types of visas and residence permits, depending on the purpose of their stay. Here are some of the common visa categories:

  1. Tourist visa: This visa allows German citizens to stay temporarily in Kazakhstan as tourists. The duration of stay is usually limited to 30 days and can be extended under certain circumstances.
  2. Business visa: If you want to conduct business activities in Kazakhstan, you can apply for a business visa. This visa allows stays for business meetings, negotiations and similar activities.
  3. Work Visa: If you want to work in Kazakhstan, you need a work visa. This visa is usually applied for by a company or employer who hires you. It allows you to work and live in Kazakhstan.
  4. Investor Visa: If you plan to invest or start a business in Kazakhstan, an investor visa may be required. The exact requirements may vary depending on the specific investment plans.
  5. Family reunification: If you already have a relative in Kazakhstan (for example, spouse or parents), you can apply for a family reunification visa to reunite with them.
  6. Long-term residence permit: If you want to live and work in Kazakhstan on a long-term basis, you can apply for a residence permit. The requirements for this permit vary depending on the reason for your stay, such as work, study or investment.
  7. Study visa: If you want to study in Kazakhstan, you can apply for a study visa. This visa allows you to participate in the study program and live in Kazakhstan during it.
Security in the country

Kazakhstan is generally considered a relatively safe country. It has made significant progress in recent years in terms of stability, security and economic development. The capital cities of Astana (Nur-Sultan) and Almaty, as well as most major cities, are generally safe for residents and visitors.

However, travelers and potential immigrants should always keep an eye on the current situation and inform themselves about the respective regions and cities they would like to visit or live in. As in any country, there are certain safety aspects to consider in Kazakhstan:

  1. Crime: The general crime rate in Kazakhstan is moderate compared to many other countries. However, it is important to be mindful of your personal safety in urban areas, especially with regard to pickpocketing and similar incidents.
  2. Road safety: Road safety can vary depending on the region. It is advisable to be attentive and careful, especially when driving on unfamiliar roads.
  3. Natural disasters: Kazakhstan is prone to extreme weather conditions such as extreme heat in summer and extreme cold in winter. Earthquakes and other natural disasters are rare, but it is advisable to be aware of possible risks in the region where you are located.
  4. Health: Vaccinations or health precautions may be recommended for travel and stays in Kazakhstan. It is important to seek medical advice and get the necessary vaccinations before traveling.

It is recommended to inform yourself about the current security advices, we recommend the one of the foreign office: Security advices Kazakhstan.

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