Emigrate to Israel

⇒ Culture of Israel

⇒ Climate

⇒ Language

⇒ School system of Israel

⇒ Health care system

⇒ Vaccinations and medical certificates

⇒ Tax system

⇒ Economy

⇒ Prices by index

⇒ Real estate

⇒ Company foundation

⇒ Visa

⇒ Safety

⇒ BACK TO OVERVIEW ⇐

Israel culture

The culture of Israel is extremely diverse and rich in history, traditions and influences from different regions and religions. Here are some characteristics that distinguish the culture of Israel:

  1. Religious diversity: Israel is the center of three major monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity and Islam. Religious diversity shapes the daily life and culture of the country.
  2. Jewish identity: Judaism plays a central role in the culture of Israel, as the land is considered the historical home of the Jewish people. Jewish holidays, customs and traditions are deeply rooted in the culture.
  3. Culinary diversity: Israeli cuisine is characterized by a variety of influences from the Middle East, Europe, North Africa and Asia. Hummus, falafel, shawarma and other dishes are popular culinary symbols of the country.
  4. Language diversity: Hebrew and Arabic are the official languages of Israel, with Hebrew serving as the national language. English is also widely spoken, especially in business and educational settings.
  5. Arts and Literature: Israel has a rich cultural scene with a thriving arts and literary community. Many Israeli writers, poets, artists and filmmakers have gained international recognition.
  6. Music and dance: The music scene in Israel is diverse and includes various genres, including popular music, traditional Jewish music and modern electronic music. Traditional dances like the Hora are widespread in the culture.
  7. Innovation and Technology: Israel is often referred to as a “start-up nation” due to its thriving technology industry and innovation culture. The country has a strong focus on research and development.
  8. Historical Heritage: Due to its historical significance, Israel is rich in archaeological sites and historical monuments that reflect the history of the country and its people.
  9. Social diversity: Israel has a diverse population with people from different religious, cultural and ethnic backgrounds. This diversity contributes to the cultural dynamism and tolerance in the country.
  10. Faith and Spirituality: The deep religious commitment of many of Israel’s inhabitants is evident in the multitude of religious holidays, ceremonies and places of worship.

Israel’s culture is multi-faceted and characterized by a deep historical connection to the land and a vibrant cultural scene that combines traditions with modern influences.

Israel mit seiner zwar trockenen aber trotzdem schönen Landschaft

Climate

The climate in Israel varies according to geographical location and season. Basically, the climate in Israel can be described as Mediterranean, which means that summers are usually hot and dry, while winters are mild and humid. Here are some characteristics of the climate in Israel:

  1. Mediterranean climate: The coastal areas, including cities like Tel Aviv and Haifa, have a typical Mediterranean climate. Summers are hot and dry, with temperatures often exceeding 30 degrees Celsius. Winters are mild and humid, but rarely very cold.
  2. Desert climate: Most of the central and southern regions of Israel, including the Negev Desert, has a desert climate. Summers are extremely hot here, with temperatures often exceeding 40 degrees Celsius. However, the nights can be cooler. Winters are mild and pleasant.
  3. Mountain climate: The higher mountain regions, such as the Galilee Mountains and the Golan Heights, have a cooler climate than the coastal areas. Winters here can be cold and even bring snow.
  4. Dead Sea: The Dead Sea region has an extremely hot climate in summer and is the hottest place in the world. However, the water temperatures in the Dead Sea are pleasant all year round.
  5. Spring and Fall: The spring and fall months, especially April, May, September and October, are often the most pleasant times to visit Israel. The weather is warm, but not too hot, and precipitation is usually less.
  6. Rainy season: The winter months from November to March are the rainiest time in Israel, especially in the north. During these months, some hiking and outdoor activities may be limited.

Language

Several languages are spoken in Israel, reflecting the country’s diverse cultural and ethnic composition. The official languages of Israel are Hebrew and Arabic. Here are some details about the different languages:

  1. Hebrew: Hebrew is the official language and one of the two main languages in Israel. It is spoken by the vast majority of the population and is an important cultural and religious language for Jews worldwide. Hebrew is the language of the media, educational institutions, government, and everyday life in Israel.
  2. Arabic: Arabic is also an official language in Israel. It speaks of the country’s Arab population, which is a significant minority. Arabic is used as the primary language in Arab communities and regions, and it has an important cultural and social status.
  3. English: Although neither Hebrew nor Arabic surpasses English in terms of number of speakers, English is widely spoken as a second language in Israel. It is often used as a language of communication in business, education and tourism environments. This is due to the large number of immigrants from English-speaking countries.
  4. Other Languages: Due to the international nature of Israel’s population, many other languages are spoken on a smaller scale, including Russian, Amharic, French, Spanish and more. These are often used by immigrants or certain ethnic groups.

Israel school system

For emigrating to Israel with the family, the school system obviously plays a big role:

The school system in Israel is diverse and includes different levels of education, from elementary school to higher education. Here are some important features of the school system in Israel:

  1. Elementary school: Elementary education in Israel lasts six years and is compulsory for children between the ages of about 6 and 12. The curriculum includes subjects such as Hebrew, mathematics, English, science, social science, art, music, physical education and religion. Primary education lays the foundation for secondary school.
  2. Middle school: Middle school in Israel lasts three years and is for students aged 12 to 15. The curriculum expands to include subjects such as history, literature, geography, foreign languages, and other scientific and cultural topics.
  3. College Preparation: After completing middle school, students prepare for their college education. This can be done through special preparatory courses or a “Bagrut” exam, which serves as a university entrance exam and influences admission to universities.
  4. Higher Education: Higher education in Israel includes universities, colleges and technical institutes. Israel has several prestigious universities that offer internationally recognized programs in various disciplines. The language of instruction at most colleges is Hebrew, but there are also programs in English.
  5. Special School Systems: Israel has special school systems for religious communities, including Jewish religious schools (yeshivas) and schools for Arab Israelis. These schools teach religious and cultural content according to the needs of each community.
  6. Higher education and research: Israel places great emphasis on higher education and is internationally recognized for its advances in science and technology. Israeli universities are leaders in fields such as medicine, engineering, biotechnology and computer science.

The Israeli education system reflects the country’s cultural, religious and ethnic diversity and contributes to the formation of a skilled workforce and the promotion of science and innovation.

Healthcare system

The healthcare system in Israel is considered one of the most advanced and well-organized in the world. Here are some important features of the Israeli health care system:

  1. Universal Health Insurance: In Israel, there is universal health insurance administered by the State Ministry of Health. Every citizen is required to enroll in one of the four nationwide health insurance plans. These health plans provide comprehensive medical care, including prevention, treatment, and medication coverage.
  2. Primary care: Health plans provide a wide range of medical services, including primary care visits, specialist appointments, hospitalization, diagnostics, medication coverage and more. Much of the primary care is free to the insured or requires a small co-payment.
  3. Specialized medical care: Israel has highly qualified medical professionals and modern medical facilities. There are specialized centers for various medical fields, including cardiac surgery, oncology, neurology, pediatrics and more.
  4. Medical Research and Innovation: Israel has a thriving medical research community and regularly contributes to the development of medical technologies and innovations. The country is known for its advances in areas such as telemedicine, medical technology and biomedical research.
  5. Preventive health care: The Israeli health care system places great emphasis on prevention and health promotion. There are campaigns to promote healthy lifestyles, vaccination programs and early detection measures.
  6. Accessibility: The health care system in Israel is easily accessible to most citizens. Health insurance companies have branches and health centers throughout the country.
  7. Additional insurance: although basic medical care is covered by health insurance, some citizens offer additional private health insurance to gain access to expanded services or certain facilities.
Ein Auszug der Tierwelt in Israel

Vaccinations and medical certificates

For emigrating to Israel as a German, there are certain vaccinations and medical certificates that may be required. Here are some of the typical requirements:

  1. Vaccinations: Israel may require vaccinations against certain diseases, such as measles, mumps, rubella (MMR), hepatitis A and B, tetanus, diphtheria, and possibly others.
  2. Health Certificate: A medical health certificate may be required to ensure that you do not have any communicable diseases or health problems that could pose a public health hazard.
  3. HIV test: In some cases, an HIV test may be required, especially if you are applying for a long-term residence permit.

Tax system

The tax system in Israel is complex and includes various types of taxes levied on individuals and companies. Here are some of the most important aspects of the tax system in Israel:

  1. Income tax: Israel levies progressive income tax rates on individuals. Rates vary depending on income and can range up to a maximum rate of about 50%.
  2. Corporate Tax: Corporate tax in Israel is generally 23%, but can vary depending on the type of company and industry.
  3. Value Added Tax (VAT): The VAT in Israel is currently 17%. It is levied on the sale of goods and services.
  4. Social security contributions: Employees and employers pay social security contributions, which are used to finance social benefits such as health insurance, pensions and unemployment benefits.
  5. Real estate tax: Land and real estate are subject to real estate tax.
  6. Capital gains tax: Capital gains realized from the sale of securities or real estate are subject to capital gains tax. Rates vary depending on the type of property and the length of ownership.
  7. Inheritance and gift tax: Israel levies taxes on inheritances and gifts depending on the relationship between the donor and the recipient.

Tax tricks

There are legal ways to save taxes in Israel, similar to many other countries. Here are some common strategies that individuals and businesses in Israel can use to reduce their tax burden:

  1. Tax-Exempt Savings: Some types of income, such as certain types of interest income or dividends, may be tax-free. It is important to carefully examine the relevant regulations.
  2. Tax-deferred retirement accounts: Israel offers various tax-deferred retirement accounts, such as pension funds. These allow the deposits to be tax deductible, and taxation is not applied until the pension is paid out.
  3. Investment in certain sectors: Some industries and sectors may benefit from tax incentives to encourage investment and innovation. This may also depend on geographic location, as certain regions offer special incentives.
  4. Tax incentives for start-ups: Israel has a vibrant start-up scene and offers tax incentives for innovative companies to boost their research and development.
  5. Real estate tax credits: some programs offer tax credits for real estate investments, especially if they are in certain areas or used for certain purposes.
  6. Promotion of old-age provision: The government promotes private old-age provision through tax incentives. Contributions to certain retirement plans may be tax deductible.
  7. Tax optimization for real estate sales: Smart planning and strategies can minimize capital gains taxes on real estate sales.

Economy

Israel’s economy is considered highly developed and innovation-driven. Although Israel is a comparatively small country, it has become a major player in various economic sectors. Here are some characteristics of the Israeli economy:

  1. High technology and innovation: Israel is internationally known for its thriving high-tech industry, particularly in the fields of information technology, biotechnology, medical technology and cybersecurity. The region around Tel Aviv is often referred to as “Silicon Wadi”, comparable to Silicon Valley in the USA.
  2. Research and Development: Israel places great emphasis on research and development (R&D). It invests significantly in R&D activities and has a high number of research institutions and universities that contribute to the country’s culture of innovation.
  3. Export-oriented economy: Exports play an important role in the Israeli economy. Products and services in the fields of technology, medicine, agriculture and defense are in demand worldwide.
  4. Start-up ecosystem: Israel has one of the most dynamic start-up ecosystems in the world. Many innovative companies and technologies have their origins here.
  5. Agriculture and agricultural technology: Israel has made significant progress in agriculture, especially in the field of desert irrigation and agricultural technology. The country is a leader in the development of technologies for the sustainable use of water and soil.
  6. Tourism: Israel attracts a significant number of tourists each year who want to experience historical and religious sites, Mediterranean and Dead Sea beaches, cultural events and culinary offerings.
  7. Export and trade: Israel has close trade relations with many countries, especially the USA and the European Union. These relations are important for the export of Israeli goods and services.
Tel Aviv - die imposante Hauptstadt in Israel

Prices by index

Even in a highly developed economy such as, Israel’s, prices can change quickly and vary greatly from region to region, so we refer here to the Cost of Living website. The information on this website is constantly updated so that you are always up to date.

Real Estate

As an immigrant in Israel, you have the option to buy or rent real estate. Israel has an established real estate system that is accessible to both residents and foreigners. Here is some important information about it:

Real estate purchase:

  • Foreigners can purchase real estate in Israel, but there are some restrictions and approval procedures that must be followed.
  • Non-citizens of Israel are not allowed to directly acquire land in certain areas. This often affects agricultural land and agricultural areas.
  • The purchase of real estate in certain areas, particularly East Jerusalem and some settlements, can be politically controversial.

Real Estate Rentals:

  • Renting real estate in Israel is usually less complicated for immigrants than buying.
  • There are a variety of rental apartments and houses in urban and rural areas.

Company foundation

As an immigrant in Israel, you have the opportunity to start a business. Israel has a vibrant and growing business landscape, ranging from startups to established companies. Here is some important information about it:

Company foundation:

  • Israel has a friendly approach to business start-ups and encourages both domestic and foreign investors to establish companies.
  • There are various legal forms for businesses, including sole proprietorships, partnerships, limited liability companies (LLCs), and corporations.
  • Establishing a company usually requires registration with the Israeli Commercial Registry, which is located at the Ministry of Justice.

Startups and innovation centers:

  • Israel is known for its thriving startup scene and has made many technological breakthroughs in recent years.
  • Cities like Tel Aviv are considered major innovation hubs with numerous co-working spaces, incubators and accelerator programs.

Company forms

As an immigrant in Israel, you have the opportunity to establish different types of businesses, depending on your business goals and needs. Here are some common corporate forms:

  1. Sole Proprietorship (sole proprietorship):
    • Simplest form of starting a business, where you run the business alone.
    • You are personally responsible for all business liabilities.
  2. Partnership (general partnership or limited partnership):
    • Partnerships allow two or more people to run a business together.
    • General Partnership: All partners are fully liable for the liabilities of the company.
    • Limited Partnership: Here there is at least one partner with limited liability, while other partners have unlimited liability.
  3. Limited Liability Company (LLC):
    • The most popular form of starting a business in Israel.
    • Members (similar to shareholders) have limited liability for the debts of the company.
    • Flexible in terms of internal structure and management.
  4. Public or Private Limited Company:
    • A company whose ownership is divided in the form of shares.
    • Public Limited Company: The shares can be publicly traded.
    • Private Limited Company: The shares are restricted to a limited group of persons.
  5. Branch of a foreign company:
    • If you already have a business abroad, you can open a branch in Israel.
    • The foreign parent company is liable for the liabilities of the branch.
  6. Subsidiary of a foreign company:
  • You can establish an independent company in Israel owned by a foreign parent company.
Visa

For emigrating to Israel as a German, different visa options are available depending on the purpose of your stay in Israel. Here are some of the common visa categories:

  1. Aliyah Visa (Immigrant Visa):
    • This visa is for Jewish people who wish to emigrate to Israel to live permanently.
    • The Aliyah Visa is usually issued by the Jewish Agency or other competent bodies.
  2. Student Visa:
    • If you plan to study in Israel, you can apply for a student visa.
    • You must have an accreditation from a recognized educational institution in Israel.
  3. Work Visa:
    • If you want to work in Israel, you need a work visa.
    • As a rule, you must present an employment contract from an Israeli employer.
  4. Entrepreneur or business visa:
    • If you intend to establish a company or conduct business in Israel, you can apply for an appropriate visa.
    • You usually have to prove that your business will make a positive contribution to the Israeli economy.
  5. Tourist visa:
    • If you plan to visit Israel temporarily as a tourist, you will need a tourist visa.
    • This visa usually allows a stay of up to 90 days.
  6. Visitor Visa:
    • For short stays with relatives or friends in Israel, a visitor visa can be applied for.
  7. pensioner visa:
  • Individuals who are retired may apply for a special visa to spend their retirement in Israel.
Security in the country

Israel is a country with a complex political and security situation. The security situation can change quickly, and there are regular tensions and conflicts in the region. Israel has a history of conflict and security threats, including terrorist attacks and political unrest.

The Israeli government employs extensive security measures to ensure the safety of its citizens and visitors. There is also a high presence of security personnel and police in public places, airports and other important facilities.

It is advisable to follow the current travel advice and safety warnings, we recommend the information of the German Foreign Office: Safety instructions Israel.

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