Emigrate to Indonesia

⇒ Indonesia culture

⇒ Climate

⇒ Language

⇒ School system of Indonesia

⇒ Health care system

⇒ Vaccinations and medical certificates

⇒ Tax system

⇒ Economy

⇒ Prices by index

⇒ Real estate

⇒ Company foundation

⇒ Visa

⇒ Safety

⇒ BACK TO OVERVIEW ⇐

Indonesia culturec

The culture of Indonesia is extremely diverse and rich in traditions, customs and history. As the fourth most populous country in the world, with over 17,000 islands and more than 300 ethnic groups, Indonesia’s culture reflects a fascinating mix of influences. Here are some features that characterize the culture of the country:

  1. Religion and Spirituality: Indonesia is the largest Muslim country in the world, and Islam plays an important role in the culture and everyday life of the people. In addition to Islam, there are also significant Christian, Hindu, Buddhist, and animist communities.
  2. Traditional Arts and Crafts: Indonesia is known for its traditional arts and crafts, including batik (textile printing), wayang (shadow puppetry), wood carving and silversmithing. These cultural expressions are deeply rooted in the country’s history and reflect local traditions.
  3. Music and dance: Music and dance play an important role in Indonesian culture. Gamelan music, a traditional ensemble music, is often played at religious ceremonies and cultural events. Different regions have their own unique dance styles that tell their stories and traditions.
  4. Culinary diversity: Indonesian cuisine is known for its diversity and variety of flavors. Each region has its own specialties, often prepared from rice, fish, spices, coconut and exotic fruits.
  5. Hospitality: Hospitality is an important part of Indonesian culture. Visitors are often warmly welcomed and integrated into the communities, whether at traditional ceremonies or festivals.
  6. Cultural festivals and celebrations: Indonesia is rich in cultural festivals and celebrations, which often have religious, cultural or ethnic references. Examples include Idul Fitri (the festival of breaking the fast for Muslims), Nyepi (the Balinese Day of Silence), and Waisak (the Buddhist Vesak festival).
  7. Natural treasures: Nature plays a major role in Indonesian culture. People have a strong connection to the environment and respect nature as part of their identity.
  8. Tari-Tarian Adat: Tari-Tarian Adat are traditional dances often performed on special occasions or festivals. These dances are rich in symbolism and tell stories about the history and culture of the regions.
Auswandern nach Indonesien mit Informationen von Frequenza

Climate

The climate in Indonesia is tropical and is influenced by its geographical location around the equator. However, due to the size of the country and its location between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean, the climate varies in different regions.c Basically, however, two main climatic zones can be distinguished:

  1. Equatorial climate: Most parts of Indonesia, including Sumatra, Borneo (Kalimantan), Sulawesi and Papua, have an equatorial climate. Here there are high temperatures and high humidity all year round. Average temperatures are usually between 25 and 32 degrees Celsius, and there is little variation between seasons. However, there are two distinct rainy seasons: one from November to March and one from June to September.
  2. Tropical monsoon climate: Java, Bali, Lombok and the Lesser Sunda Islands have a tropical monsoon climate. There is a distinct rainy and dry season here. The rainy season usually lasts from November to March, while the dry season is from June to September. Temperatures are warm and humid throughout the year, but somewhat more moderate than in equatorial areas.

Indonesia also has mountainous regions, such as in West Java and Central Java. At these altitudes, the climate is more temperate and cooler, with temperatures that can be significantly lower depending on the altitude.

Language

More than 700 different languages are spoken in Indonesia, as the country consists of a large number of islands and ethnic diversity. However, the official languages are Bahasa Indonesia (Indonesian) and Bahasa Melayu (Malay). These two languages serve as a lingua franca and are used in the educational system, media, administration, and commerce throughout the country.

In addition to Bahasa Indonesia and Bahasa Melayu, numerous regional and local languages are spoken in the various regions and islands of Indonesia. Some of the main regional languages are:

  1. Javanese: Spoken on the island of Java and some adjacent areas. It is one of the most widely spoken regional languages in Indonesia.
  2. Sundanese: Spoken by the people of West Java, especially in the province of West Java and Banten.
  3. Batak: Spoken by the Batak ethnic group on the island of Sumatra.
  4. Balinese: Spoken by the Balinese people on the island of Bali.
  5. Minangkabau: Spoken by the Minangkabau ethnic group in West Sumatra.
  6. Betawi: Spoken by the native population of Jakarta, the capital of Indonesia.

School system of Indonesia

For emigrating to Indonesia with the family, the school system of course plays a big role:

The school system in Indonesia has a federal structure and is under the jurisdiction of the individual provinces. There are three main levels in the education system: primary education, secondary education and higher education.

  1. Primary education (Sekolah Dasar, SD): Primary education in Indonesia is compulsory for children aged 6 to 12 and lasts six years. Classes at elementary schools are free of charge and cover subjects such as Indonesian, mathematics, science, social science, religion, art and culture.
  2. Secondary education (Sekolah Menengah Pertama, SMP and Sekolah Menengah Atas, SMA): Secondary education consists of two levels: first secondary school (SMP) for students aged 13 to 15 and second secondary school (SMA) for students aged 16 to 18. Attendance at secondary school is also compulsory and lasts three years. There are various disciplines in the SMA, including natural sciences, social sciences, languages, and arts.
  3. Higher Education: After completing secondary education, students can either pursue vocational training (diploma) or attend university to earn a bachelor’s degree. Indonesia has a large number of universities and colleges, including state and private institutions.

It is important to note that the education system in Indonesia can vary due to the country’s geographic expanse and ethnic diversity. Some remote areas may have less access to educational facilities and resources than urban areas. Nevertheless, Indonesia has made progress in education in recent years and is striving to make education accessible to all children and improve the quality of education.

Healthcare system

The health care system in Indonesia is a mix of public and private facilities, and the quality and access to health care can vary by region. The health care system is federally organized, with responsibility for health care at various levels:

  1. Public Health Care: Public health care in Indonesia is run by the government and is widely accessible to the population. There are health centers (puskesmas) and clinics in rural and urban areas that provide basic medical care and vaccinations. Public sector hospitals generally provide basic medical services at affordable prices.
  2. Private Health Care: Private health care is widespread in Indonesia and often provides higher quality health care than public facilities. Private hospitals and clinics are found primarily in urban areas and offer a wide range of medical services, including specialized treatments.

National Health Insurance: The Indonesian government has introduced the national health insurance program called “Badan Penyelenggara Jaminan Sosial” (BPJS) to improve health care for the population. The program provides affordable health insurance for a wide range of medical services. Membership in the BPJS is mandatory for certain segments of the population, but open to others as well.

Die Tierwelt im Auswanderungsland Indonesien

Vaccinations and medical certificates

For emigration to Indonesia as a German, vaccinations and medical certificates are required in certain cases. Indonesian immigration authorities have certain requirements for immigrants’ health and medical records to ensure that no communicable diseases are brought into the country.

As a rule, the following vaccinations are recommended for entry into Indonesia:

  1. Standard immunizations: These include vaccinations such as measles-mumps-rubella (MMR), diphtheria-tetanus-pertussis (DTaP), polio and hepatitis B.
  2. Yellow Fever Vaccination: If you are traveling from a country with yellow fever transmission, a yellow fever vaccination may be required.
  3. Travel Vaccinations: Depending on the destination and activities, additional vaccinations may be recommended, such as typhoid, hepatitis A, rabies or Japanese encephalitis.

In addition to vaccinations, certain health examinations and proof may also be required, especially if you intend to work in Indonesia or apply for a longer visa.

Tax system

The tax system in Indonesia is governed by the Indonesian tax law and is administered by the Indonesian tax authority, the Direktorat Jenderal Pajak. The tax system in Indonesia includes various types of taxes, including income tax, value added tax (sales tax), corporate income tax, and other specific taxes.

Here is some important information about the tax system in Indonesia:

  1. Income tax: Income tax in Indonesia is levied at different levels, depending on a person’s income. Income tax rates can vary from year to year. There are both progressive and fixed tax rates for different income amounts.
  2. Corporate income tax: Companies in Indonesia must pay corporate income tax on their profits. Corporate tax rates can vary depending on the industry and the size of the company.
  3. Value Added Tax (VAT): The Value Added Tax (VAT) in Indonesia is called Sales Tax and is currently 10% for most goods and servicesc.
  4. Withholding tax: Withholding tax is levied on certain types of income earned by foreign companies or individuals.c
  5. Special taxes: There are also specific taxes on certain goods and services, such as luxury goods tax and motor vehicle tax.

Tax tricks

In Indonesia there are several legal ways to save taxes.

Here are some legal ways that companies and individuals in Indonesia can reduce their tax burden:

  1. Taking advantage of tax breaks and incentives: The Indonesian government offers various tax breaks and incentives for certain industries and investments. Companies can benefit from these advantages if they meet certain requirements.
  2. Investing in tax-advantaged projects: Some investments in infrastructure, education and health may be tax-advantaged. Companies or individuals who invest in such projects may be able to save on taxes.
  3. Take advantage of tax deductions: There are certain expenses and expenditures that are considered tax deductible. Businesses and individuals should ensure they claim all eligible expenses to reduce their tax burden.
  4. Double tax treaty (DTA) compliance: If there is a DTA between Indonesia and an individual’s or company’s country of residence, this can help avoid double taxation and save taxes.
  5. Use of prior-year tax losses: Companies can use losses from prior years to reduce their tax burden in a profit year.
  6. Efficient tax planning: Efficient tax planning can help to optimize the tax burden and identify possible tax saving potentials.

Economy

The economy in Indonesia is one of the largest and fastest growing economies in Southeast Asia. The country has a diverse economy, ranging from agriculture to industry and services. Here are some important characteristics and key figures of the Indonesian economy:

  1. Economic growth: Indonesia has experienced impressive economic growth in recent decades. Although there have been fluctuations in some years, the average annual growth in gross domestic product (GDP) in recent years has been around 5%.
  2. Population and Labor Market: Indonesia has a large and growing population that contributes to a significant labor market. The country has a young population with a large percentage of employable people.
  3. Raw materials and agriculture: Indonesia is rich in natural resources such as oil, gas, coal, gold and nickel. Agriculture also plays an important role and includes the cultivation of rice, palm oil, coffee, tea, rubber and other agricultural products.
  4. Industry: Industrial production includes the manufacture of textiles and clothing, electronics, chemical products, food, cement and other goods.
  5. Service sector: The service sector is a significant part of the Indonesian economy and includes areas such as trade, tourism, financial services and telecommunications.
  6. Investment and Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): Indonesia has made efforts to attract foreign investment and improve the business climate. The country offers a variety of incentives for foreign investors.
  7. Infrastructure: Indonesia has invested in infrastructure in recent years to promote economic development. This includes the expansion of transport routes, power generation, communications networks and ports.
Auswandern nach Indonesien - eine andere Kultur und ein Abenteuer

Prices by index

Even in a large and fast growing economy like, Indonesia’s, prices can change quickly and vary greatly from region to region, so we refer here to the Cost of Living website. The information on this website is constantly updated so that you are always up to date.

Real Estate

As an immigrant in Indonesia, there are certain restrictions and regulations regarding buying or renting property. Indonesian law distinguishes between “Hak Pakai” (right of use) and “Hak Milik” (right of ownership) for foreign nationals.

  1. Right of Use (Hak Pakai): Foreign nationals can acquire the right to use apartments or houses in Indonesia. This right is limited to 30 years and can be extended once for 20 years. It is important to note that the right of use is tied to a specific person and cannot be inherited or transferred.
  2. Property Right (Hak Milik): Foreign nationals generally cannot acquire title to land or real estate in Indonesia. The right of ownership (Hak Milik) is only open to Indonesian citizens or Indonesian legal entities (companies).

For the rental market, there are fewer restrictions and foreigners can usually rent apartments or houses in Indonesia. However, rental conditions and prices vary depending on the region and type of property.

Company foundation

As an immigrant it is possible to start a business in Indonesia. There are several ways you can start a business in Indonesia as a foreigner:

Company forms

As an immigrant in Indonesia, you can establish various forms of businesses, including:

  1. Perseroan Terbatas (PT) – Local company:
    • A PT is a limited liability company and the most common form of business in Indonesia.
    • You can start a local business where you need to work with Indonesian nationals or companies as partners, as you cannot be the sole owner of a PT as a foreigner.
  2. Penanaman Modal Asing (PMA) – Foreign Investment Company:
    • A PMA is a foreign investment enterprise in which foreign investors can be 100% owners.
    • The establishment of a PMA requires approval from the Investment Coordinating Board (BKPM) and is intended for companies that operate in certain sectors or meet certain investment thresholds.
  3. Repräsentanzbüro (Foreign Company Representative Office – KPPA):
    • A KPPA is a representative office of a foreign company and can conduct limited business activities in Indonesia.
    • It is a branch of your company rather than a separate legal entity and may not make a profit.
  4. Joint Venture:

You can also participate in a joint venture, where you establish a company together with one or more Indonesian partners.

Visa

For emigrating to Indonesia as a German, there are several visa options, depending on the planned activities and purposes of stay. Here are some of the most common types of visas for immigrants:

  1. Visa for Social and Cultural Purposes (Index B211):
    • This visa is often used for cultural or social activities, such as research, educational programs, volunteer work, or cultural exchanges.
    • It allows a stay of up to 60 days and can be extended in Indonesia.
  2. Visa for business purposes (index B211A):
    • This visa is intended for business activities, such as contract negotiations, business meetings or business trips.
    • It allows a stay of up to 60 days and can be extended in Indonesia.
  3. Pensioner visa (index 319):
    • This visa is intended for foreign retirees who wish to live in Indonesia.
    • It allows a stay of up to one year and can be renewed annually thereafter.
  4. Family reunification visa (index 317):
    • This visa is intended for spouses or minor children of Indonesian citizens or foreigners with a valid residence permit in Indonesia.
    • It allows for a longer stay and can be extended depending on circumstances.
  5. Investor Visa (Index 313):
    • This visa is for foreign investors or business owners who want to start a business or make investments in Indonesia.
    • The exact conditions and requirements may vary depending on the type and size of the investment.
  6. Work Visa (Index 312):
    • This visa is for foreign workers who have employment in Indonesia.
    • It usually requires a work permit from the Indonesian authorities.
Security in the country

Indonesia is generally a safe country, but as with any other country in the world, there are some safety issues to consider. Security in Indonesia may vary by region and city. Here are some important points to consider:

  1. Natural Hazards: Indonesia is a country with many active volcanoes, earthquakes and tsunamis. It is important to be aware of current weather conditions and natural hazards in the area where you are staying and to follow the advice of local authorities.
  2. Crime: As in many other countries, there is a certain amount of crime in some areas of Indonesia. However, most tourist locations are relatively safe. It is advisable to take basic safety precautions such as avoiding secluded areas at night, not showing valuables in public, and keeping personal documents and valuables safe.
  3. Terrorism: Indonesia has experienced terrorist attacks in the past. Although Indonesian authorities have taken steps to improve security, it is important to keep up to date with the latest security warnings and travel advisories for the country.
  4. Traffic: Traffic in some cities in Indonesia can be chaotic, and traffic accidents are not uncommon. It is advisable to be careful and follow the local traffic rules.
  5. Health: Certain infectious diseases may occur in certain regions of Indonesia. It is advisable to seek medical advice before traveling and ensure that you have the required vaccinations and medications.
  6. Cultural Sensitivity: Indonesia is a diverse country with a rich culture and religion. It is important to respect local customs and wear appropriate clothing in religious sites.

It is advisable to inform yourself about the current security advices, we recommend the security advices of the German Foreign Office: Sicherheitshinweise Indonesien.

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