Emigrate to India

⇒ Kultur von Indien

⇒ Climate

⇒ Language

⇒ School system of India

⇒ Health care system

⇒ Vaccinations and medical certificates

⇒ Tax system

⇒ Economy

⇒ Prices by index

⇒ Real estate

⇒ Company foundation

⇒ Visa

⇒ Safety

⇒ BACK TO OVERVIEW ⇐

India culture

The culture of India is extremely diverse, as the country has a long history, numerous religions, languages and traditions. It is known for its rich cultural heritage, which is reflected in various aspects of daily life. Here are some characteristics that distinguish the culture of India:

  1. Religious Diversity: India is a country that is home to a variety of religions, including Hinduism, Buddhism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Jainism and others. Each religion has its own rituals, customs, festivals and holidays that are respected and celebrated by believers.
  2. Festivals and celebrations: India is known for its colorful and vibrant festivals, which are celebrated in every region of the country. Diwali, Holi, Durga Puja, Eid, Christmas and many other festivals bring people together and strengthen social cohesion.
  3. Traditional clothing: Traditional dress in India is diverse and varies by region and culture. Saris, salwar kameez, dhoti, kurta pajama and other traditional garments are worn by people on special occasions and in everyday life.
  4. Culinary diversity: Indian cuisine is famous for its diversity and rich flavor. Each region has its own culinary specialties and cooking traditions. Spices play an important role in Indian cuisine and give dishes their characteristic spiciness.
  5. Dance and music: India has a long tradition of dance and music. Indian classical dances like Bharatanatyam, Kathak, Odissi and others are popular in different parts of the country. Bollywood movies have popularized Indian music and dance styles worldwide.
  6. Language diversity: India is a country with many languages. There are 22 recognized languages and hundreds of dialects spoken in different parts of the country. Hindi is the official language, but English is often used as a lingua franca.
  7. Honor and respect for elders: In Indian culture, great respect is traditionally shown to the elderly. The younger generation shows their respect through gestures such as touching the feet of their elders as a sign of reverence.
  8. Hospitality: Hospitality is an important feature of Indian culture. Guests are warmly welcomed and spoiled with food and drinks.
  9. Handicrafts: India is known for its artistic crafts, including textiles, jewelry, ceramics, sculptures and more. Each region has its own unique craft traditions.

Spirituality and Yoga: India is known as the birthplace of yoga and the practice of it plays a big role for some people.

Auswandern nach Indien - eine schöne Landschaft - andere Kultur

Climate

The climate in India is extremely diverse, ranging from tropical in the south to temperate in the north. Due to the size of the country and the geographical diversity, there are different climatic zones in different regions. Basically, India can be divided into three main climate zones:

  1. Tropical climate: Most parts of India, especially the coastal areas, southern India and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, have a tropical climate. Here it is hot and humid all year round, with high temperatures and high humidity. Average temperatures are usually between 25°C and 35°C.
  2. Subtropical climate: The north Indian plains, including the capital Delhi, have a subtropical climate. Summers are hot and dry, with temperatures that can often exceed 40°C. Winters are cool to cold, with temperatures that can drop below 10°C.
  3. Temperate climate: The northern mountainous regions such as Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and parts of Uttarakhand have a temperate climate. Here, summers are mild and pleasant, while winters can be cold and snowy.

India also has a monsoon season, which has a great impact on the climate. The monsoon season usually lasts from June to September and brings heavy rains to much of the country. This is crucial for agriculture, as most regions depend on rainfall.

Language

Many different languages and dialects are spoken in India, making the country one of the most linguistically diverse in the world. The Constitution of India recognizes 22 languages as so-called “Scheduled Languages”. In addition, there are hundreds of other regional languages and dialects.

The official language of India is Hindi, which is used by the government and agencies at the national level. English is also an important lingua franca and is often used for business, official and educational purposes.

The 22 recognized “Scheduled Languages” are:The 22 recognized “Scheduled Languages” are:

  1. Hindi: The most widely spoken language and the official language of the country.
  2. Bengali: Spoken mainly in West Bengal and the eastern part of India.
  3. Telugu: A South Indian language spoken mainly in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.
  4. Marathi: The official language in the state of Maharashtra.
  5. Tamil: Spoken in Tamil Nadu and parts of Sri Lanka.
  6. Urdu: The official language of Jammu and Kashmir and is also spoken in other parts of India.
  7. Gujarati: The official language of Gujarat.
  8. Kannada: Spoken in Karnataka.
  9. Odia: The official language of Odisha (formerly known as Orissa).
  10. Malayalam: Spoken in Kerala and Lakshadweep.
  11. Punjabi: The official language of Punjab.
  12. Assamese: Spoken in Assam and some parts of the northeast.
  13. Maithili: Spoken in Bihar.
  14. Sanskrit: An ancient classical language used in religious and academic contexts.
  15. Sindhi: Spoken by the Sindhi minority, mainly in Gujarat.
  16. Santali: Spoken by the Santal minority, mainly in Jharkhand.
  17. Kashmiri: Spoken in Jammu and Kashmir.
  18. Nepali: Spoken by the Nepali minority, mainly in Sikkim and parts of the northeast.
  19. Konkani: Spoken in Goa.
  20. Manipuri (Meitei): Spoken in Manipur.
  21. Bodo: Spoken in Assam.
  22. Dogri: Spoken in Jammu and Kashmir.

This list includes only a part of the languages spoken in India. There are many other regional languages and dialects used by different communities throughout the country. India’s linguistic diversity is a reflection of its rich cultural and ethnic diversity.

School system of India

For emigrating to India with the family, the school system is obviously of great importance:

The school system in India is very diverse. It includes various levels of education and educational institutions, ranging from preschool to higher education. Here is an overview of the school system in India:

  1. Preschool: Preschool education is provided for children ages 3 to 6 to prepare them for entry into elementary school. Preschool education is not mandatory, but many parents send their children to preschools to develop basic social and cognitive skills.
  2. Primary education: Primary education is compulsory for children aged 6 to 14 and usually lasts 8 years. Primary education consists of grades 1 through 8 and focuses on teaching basic skills in subjects such as languages, mathematics, science, social sciences, and creative subjects.
  3. Higher Secondary School (High School): After completing elementary school, students go on to higher secondary school (grades 9 to 12). Here, they prepare for their final exams, known as “board exams,” which are crucial for university admission. Students have the opportunity to choose from a variety of majors, including science, humanities, and business.
  4. Higher education: After graduating from higher secondary school, students have the opportunity to continue their studies in various colleges and universities. India has an extensive network of colleges and universities that offer a variety of courses and degree programs, including bachelor’s and master’s degrees, as well as professional and technical programs.

The education system in India varies by state and region. Some states also have regional school boards that administer the school system and set curricula.

It is important to note that India has a high regard for education and the education system can be highly competitive, especially in colleges and in gaining admission to the best universities. Education plays a critical role in the social advancement and career opportunities of many Indians.

Healthcare system

The healthcare system in India is also diverse and varies depending on the region and the level of economic development. There are both public and private health care facilities in the country.

  1. Public health care system: The public health care system in India is run by the government and offers health care services at comparatively low cost or even free of charge. There are government hospitals, health centers, and clinics that provide primary health care to the population. However, facilities in rural areas and poorer regions can often be overburdened and struggle with limited resources.
  2. Private healthcare system: The private healthcare system in India is better equipped and generally offers a better quality and wider range of healthcare services. There are private hospitals, clinics and medical centers, often run by trained professionals. However, the cost of medical care in private facilities is generally higher than in the public health care system.
  3. Traditional Medicine: In India, traditional medicine such as Ayurveda, Unani and Homeopathy are also practiced and used by many people.

It is important to note that the quality and availability of medical care in India can vary greatly by region. Larger cities often have modern hospitals and state-of-the-art medical facilities, while rural areas may have limited medical resources.

Die beeindruckende Tierwelt Indiens

Vaccinations and medical certificates

For emigrating to India as a German, vaccinations and medical certificates are required in some cases. India has certain health regulations for immigrants to control the spread of disease. However, the exact requirements may change, so it is advisable to check the current regulations with the Indian embassy or consulate in Germany.

As a rule, the following vaccinations are recommended or required:

  1. Standard vaccinations: These include vaccinations that are recommended for the general population in Germany, such as tetanus, diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), polio, and measles-mumps-rubella (MMR).
  2. Hepatitis Vaccinations: It is recommended to get vaccinated against hepatitis A and hepatitis B, as these infectious diseases can occur in India.
  3. Typhoid vaccination: Vaccination against typhoid may be recommended depending on the place of stay and planned activities.
  4. Yellow Fever Vaccination: If you are entering from a country where yellow fever is present, a yellow fever vaccination may be required for entry into India. Review current requirements as they are subject to change.

Tax system

The tax system in India is complex and is divided into different types of taxes levied by the federal government and by the individual states. The main types of taxes in India are:

  1. Income tax: Income tax is a direct tax levied on individuals on their income. Tax rates vary depending on the amount of income and the type of income.
  2. Corporate tax: Companies in India are subject to corporate income tax on their profits. Tax rates may vary depending on the size and type of business.
  3. Goods and Services Tax (GST): GST is an indirect tax levied on the sale of goods and services. It has replaced the previous indirect taxes such as VAT, service tax and others.
  4. Customs duties: Imported goods are subject to customs duties and import taxes, which are levied by the customs office.
  5. Wealth tax: In some cases, a wealth tax may be levied on certain assets.
  6. Stamp duty: Stamp duty is levied on certain legal documents such as contracts, deeds, receipts, etc.

Tax tricks:

There are legal ways to save taxes in India. The Indian government offers various tax benefits and incentives to promote the investment climate and support economic growth. Some of the most common ways to save taxes in India are:

  1. Investments in certain financial instruments: The government offers various tax-exempt or tax-deferred investment options such as the Public Provident Fund (PPF), the Employee Provident Fund (EPF), the Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS), and others.
  2. Home loans and home improvement loans: Repaying loans to buy or build a home qualifies for tax benefits.
  3. Pension and life insurance contributions: Contributions to certain pension plans and life insurance policies may be eligible for tax benefits under certain conditions.
  4. Medical Insurance: The premiums for medical insurance for yourself, your spouse and children are tax deductible.
  5. Education loans: Interest on education loans may be tax deductible.
  6. Donations: Donations to recognized charities may be eligible for tax benefits.
  7. Tax exemption for long-term capital gains: Long-term capital gains from certain investments may be tax-exempt in some cases.

Economy

India’s economy is one of the largest and fastest growing economies in the world. It is based on a diverse mix of agriculture, industry and services. Here are some important features and aspects of the Indian economy:

  1. Growth: In recent decades, India has experienced impressive economic growth, with annual growth rates often exceeding 5%. However, there were also fluctuations in the pace of growth.
  2. Services sector: The services sector is a key driver of India’s economic growth and contributes a large share to gross domestic product (GDP). Information technology (IT), outsourcing services, financial services, telecommunications and tourism are particularly important sectors.
  3. Industrial sector: India has a well-developed industrial base with a focus on sectors such as textiles, chemicals, engineering, automotive, pharmaceuticals and steel. The Indian government has also launched “Make in India” initiatives to strengthen the manufacturing of domestic products.
  4. Agriculture: Agriculture is still a significant sector in India, employing millions of people and contributing to GDP. The main crops are rice, wheat, sugar cane, cotton, tea and coffee.
  5. Demographics: India has a young and fast-growing population, which can be a potential advantage for the economy if the workforce can be productively employed and skilled.
  6. Infrastructure: India has made considerable progress in developing its infrastructure in recent years. Investments have been made in roads, railways, ports, airports and power generation to support economic development.
  7. Challenges: Although the Indian economy has made tremendous progress, challenges also lie ahead. These include social inequality, unemployment, high bureaucracy, infrastructure deficits and regional disparities.

The Indian government is taking steps to improve the business environment, encourage investment, and make the economy more diversified and resilient. The country offers investors many opportunities, but at the same time it is important to understand the specific challenges and cultural nuances of doing business in India in order to be successful.

Mit uns wird ein Auswandern nach Indien machbar - Immobilien und Stellengebote

Prices by index

Even in one of the largest and fastest growing economies in the world like, India’s, prices can change quickly and vary greatly from region to region, so we refer here to the Cost of Living website. The information on this website is constantly updated so that you are always up to date.

Real Estate

As an immigrant, you can buy or rent real estate in India. There are no special restrictions for foreigners wishing to purchase real estate in India. Both non-residents (NRIs) and foreigners are allowed to buy real estate in India, provided they comply with applicable regulations and laws.

If you are a foreigner looking to buy property in India, you must follow certain rules and regulations set by the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) and the Ministry of External Affairs. There are also different rules for property acquisition depending on whether you want to be a permanent resident in India or not.

We will be happy to help you find an apartment or a house. Click here for our real estate listings.

Company foundation

As an immigrant, you can start a business in India. India offers several opportunities for foreigners to start or invest in a business. The most common form is the formation of a Private Limited Company, which can also be formed by foreigners.

However, there are certain regulations and restrictions that apply to foreign investors. Depending on the nature of the industry and the level of foreign ownership in the company, specific approvals and consents may be required from Indian authorities such as the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) or the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA).

Enterprise forms:

As an immigrant in India, there are various forms of businesses that you can start. Here are some of the most common types of companies in India:

  1. Private Limited Company (Pvt. Ltd.): A Private Limited Company is one of the most popular forms for foreign investors in India. It is a separate legal entity and provides limitation of liability for the shareholders. The minimum capital and the number of shareholders are prescribed.
  2. Public Limited Company (Ltd.): A Public Limited Company is similar to a Private Limited Company, but it can offer its shares for public trading on the stock exchange.
  3. Limited Liability Partnership (LLP): An LLP is a combination of a partnership and a limited liability company. It provides partners with liability limitations while retaining the flexibility of a partnership.
  4. Joint Venture: A joint venture is a cooperation between a foreign company and an Indian company. Both parties invest capital and resources to execute a joint business project.
  5. Sole proprietorship: As an immigrant, you can also start a sole proprietorship that is managed and controlled by you alone. There are no special regulations for the establishment of a sole proprietorship.
  6. Branch office: You can also open a branch office or a representative office of your foreign company in India to conduct business activities.
  7. Foreign Trade Company (EPC): For importing and exporting goods, you can establish an EPC to conduct international trade business.
Visa

There are different visas available for emigrating to India as a German, depending on the purpose of your immigration. Here are some of the most common visa types for immigrants to India:

  1. Tourist Visa (Tourist Visa): This visa is issued for temporary stays in India for tourism and leisure activities. It usually has a limited period of validity and can be issued for different periods.
  2. Business Visa (Business Visa): The Business Visa is issued to individuals who wish to conduct business activities in India, such as business meetings, conferences, negotiations, or business development.
  3. Work Visa (Employment Visa): The Employment Visa is issued to foreign professionals or expatriates who are employed by Indian companies. It can be issued for various work stays in India.
  4. Project Visa (Project Visa): The Project Visa is issued to foreign employees working on a specific project in India.
  5. Student Visa (Student Visa): The Student Visa is issued to foreign students who wish to study in India. It is usually granted for the duration of the studies.
  6. Research Visa (Research Visa): The Research Visa is issued to scientists, researchers or postgraduate students who wish to work on scientific or academic research projects in India.
  7. Spouse and Family Reunion Visa (X Visa): This visa is issued to foreign spouses of Indian citizens or residents.
  8. OCI (Overseas Citizen of India): This is not an immigrant visa in the strict sense, but a type of long-term residence status for people who have Indian ancestry or were previously Indian citizens. OCI cardholders have certain rights regarding residency and work in India.
Security in the country

India is a large and diverse country with different regions and cities, and safety can vary depending on location and circumstances. In most parts of India, the country is relatively safe for tourists and residents. The majority of travelers experience no problems and enjoy their time in India.

It is always advisable to find out about current travel advice and safety precautions in your own country before traveling.

We refer you to the safety advice of the German Foreign Office: Safety advice India.

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