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Egypt is one of the countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea in the north of Africa. The culture of this country is characterized by its long and rich history. Thus, Egypt celebrates some holidays with historical reference, such as the Days of the Revolution on January 25 and July 23, or the Wafa’a El Nil Festival (Flooding of the Nile Festival) on August 15.
Music and other forms of art play a major role in Egyptian culture. Both the art from past times and newly created, Egypt offers a wide range for all tastes.
The land of the pharaohs also offers a lot in terms of cuisine. In contrast to some European countries, people here prefer smaller portions, but eat an average of five meals a day. Salads, roasted vegetables and pita bread often serve as side dishes and are combined with beef, lamb or poultry. In addition, there are various types of tea and juices. Desserts are also represented in all forms, from cakes to sweet creams, there is something for everyone.
Egypt is a country where Islam is the predominant religion, which also strongly shapes and influences the culture of the country. Mulim customs and holidays, such as the fasting month of Ramadan, are an integral part of everyday life.
The official language of Egypt is an independent dialect of Arabic. Egyptian Arabic is used in everyday life as well as for official purposes. High Arabic is used for written communication.
When emigrating to Egypt as a family, the school system is obviously of great importance:
The school system in Egypt is centrally regulated for the entire country. Compulsory schooling exists only for elementary school, which comprises six grades. This is followed by the first secondary school, which, however, is not compulsory. The first secondary school comprises three grades and ends with a Diploma of Secondary Education after successful completion of the ninth grade. This diploma allows a student to attend the second level of secondary school, which also includes three grades. At the end of twelfth grade, the student earns a Thanawaya, which is equivalent to an Egyptian high school diploma. Through this degree, the graduate is allowed to study at the universities of the country.
In principle, schools in Egypt are free of charge, but the families of the children are required to provide certain services of their own. For example, they must pay for their child’s mandatory equipment themselves, including textbooks, writing utensils and school uniforms.
Egypt does not use a grading system as we are used to in Germany and relies on percentages for the evaluation. Thus, the grade “1”, corresponds to 90 – 100% performance.
The Egyptian health care system is divided into public health care and private health care.
The public health care system is free for both locals and expatriates and is available to everyone. However, it is considered underfunded, as a result of which the quality of the services provided suffers considerably.
The private healthcare system, on the other hand, is known for its high quality. The medical staff in particular is considered to be very well trained. Also, private insurance requires that staff be at least bilingual.
In principle, no vaccinations are required by law for emigration to Egypt.
The only exception is that the only mandatory vaccination is against yellow fever, but this requirement only comes into effect if the person entering the country has spent seven days prior to entry in a country where the risk of yellow fever is increased. This is not the case in any European country.
Vaccinations that are recommended are the vaccinations against: Hepatitis A and B, Typhoid, Tetanus, Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Pertussis, Diphtheria, Polio and Chickenpox.
Egypt has a strong economy, especially sectors such as mining, agriculture and tourism are strongly represented. The country’s natural resources, first and foremost oil and gas, also contribute to its economic viability. Furthermore, due to its geographical location, Egypt is an important part of the trade between Europe, Asia and Africa.
Currently, Egypt is struggling with increased inflation, which is currently weakening the country’s economy. In its fight against inflation, the Egyptian government is focusing on attracting foreign investors and entrepreneurs to the country through various legal reforms and infrastructure improvements.
The currency in Egypt is the Egyptian pound (EGP).
Since the prices in Egypt can sometimes change strongly and also quickly due to inflation, we refer here to the website Cost of Living. On this website, the information is updated so that you are always up to date.
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It is possible for foreign investors to establish and manage companies in Egypt. The two most frequently chosen forms are the joint stock company and the limited liability company.
Joint Stock Company: This form of company is the counterpart to the German stock corporation. At least the members are required for the foundation. The company must be registered in the Egyptian Commercial Register.
Limited Liability Company: This form of company is the counterpart to the German GmbH. At least two members are required for incorporation, as well as registration in the Egyptian Commercial Register.
Possible visas for emigration to Egypt:
A visa is already required for entry and a short stay in Egypt. The tourist visa is valid for 30 days and allows a single entry. However, the visa can be extended to 90 days and even 180 days with up to 5 entries. The basic fee to apply for this visa is approximately 22€ up to a maximum of 57€.
This visa allows entry for business activities. For a single entry there is a fee of around 59€, while for multiple entries 83€ is due. Prerequisite for this visa, is an official letter of invitation from an Egyptian company.
If you want to stay in Egypt for a longer period of time, you need a residence visa. This is the basic requirement, although not the only one, to be able to work in Egypt. Once issued, it allows the bearer to enter Egypt and live and reside there for five years. The visa can be extended after expiration, and after ten years of residence, it can lead to the application for Egyptian citizenship without any major interruption, should this be desired.
The work permit enables the bearer to work in Egypt, but not to live there, for which a residence visa is additionally required. To obtain a work permit, an Egyptian company must provide a guarantee and fill out the appropriate forms and submit them to the authorities. The work permit is valid for one year and can be extended at will.
It is basically easy to start a business in Egypt, this is possible from an investment amount of about 30€ (1000 EGP). However, this undertaking does not yet earn you a visa. Egypt does not have a separate visa for investors, but issues a work permit and residence visa to those who make an investment of at least US$50,000.
In general, crime in Egypt is considered low compared to other countries on the African continent. However, there are various areas within Egypt’s borders that are considered risky. Here is the information from the German Foreign Office: Safety instructions Egypt.